Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2011, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 2773-2778.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20112773

• THERMODYNAMICS, KINETICS, AND STRUCTURAL CHEMISTRY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dissociation Conditions and Influencing Factors of Methane Hydrate in Chloride Salt Solution under High Pressure

SUN Shi-Cai1,2,3, LIU Chang-Ling2,3, YE Yu-Guang2,3, JIANG Qian1   

  1. 1. Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Civil Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, College of Civil Engineering andArchitecture, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266510, Shandong Province, P. R. China;
    2. The KeyLaboratory of Marine Hydrocarbon Resources and Environmental Geology, Ministry of Land and Resources, Qingdao 266071,Shandong Province, P. R. China;
    3. Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, Qingdao 266071, Shandong Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2011-07-28 Revised:2011-09-21 Published:2011-11-25
  • Contact: SUN Shi-Cai E-mail:qdsunsc@163.com
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the Ministry of Land and Resources Research of China in the Public Interest (201111026-3), National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2009CB219503), and Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (ZR2009FQ017).

Abstract: A method that can be used for gas hydrate exploitation is the injection of a brine solution into hydrate reservoir, therefore, the hydrate dissociation conditions and the influencing factors in brine solution should be investigated under reservoir pressure. In this paper, methane hydrate dissociation conditions in NaCl, MgCl2, and CaCl2 solutions were investigated. The results show that the dissociation temperature depressions are (4.8, 2.4, 1.0 K (NaCl)), (5.3, 1.5 K (MgCl2)), (4.3, 1.8 K (CaCl2)) in NaCl (2.0, 1.0, 0.5 mol· L-1), MgCl2 (1.0, 0.5 mol·L-1), and CaCl2 (1.0, 0.5 mol·L-1) solutions, respectively, relative to those in pure water. The experimental values were in good agreement with the calculated values based on the van der Waals and Platteeuw thermodynamic model and the Pitzer-Mayorga equation for the water activity of electrolyte solution. In chloride salt solution the water molecule solvent effect and the salting-out effect that is caused by an electrostatic field decreases the water activity resulting in a depression of the hydrate dissociation temperature.

Key words: Methane hydrate, Chloride salt solution, Dissociation condition, Salting-out effect, Water activity

MSC2000: 

  • O642