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Acta Phys. Chim. Sin.  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (12): 2927-2932    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20112927
Formation Mechanism of Barium Titanate Nanoparticle Aggregations
ZHAN Hong-Quan, JIANG Xiang-Ping, LI Xiao-Hong, LUO Zhi-Yun, CHEN Chao, LI Yue-Ming
Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Advanced Ceramic Materials, Department of Material Science and Engineering,Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute, Jingdezhen 333403, Jiangxi Province, P. R. China
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Abstract  A novel nanoparticle aggregation structure of barium titanate was obtained by the hydrothermal method. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed that the aggregates crystallized in the cubic phase. The crystallization of the products became more significant with reaction progress. The growth characteristics of the aggregates was further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and electron diffraction (ED) spectroscopy. The aggregation was composed of many 5-8 nm nanoparticles by orientation attachment and we found that the ED patterns indicated a single-crystal property for the aggregates. The size of the aggregates was about 60 nm and they grew as the reaction continued. From the results of energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy analysis and kinetics modeling using the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) equation, the diffusion nucleation of Ba2+ ion was found to be dominant during the early stages of aggregation formation. The growth process of “diffusion nucleation-orientation attachment”revealed the formation mechanism of barium titanate nanoparticle aggregations.

Key wordsBarium titanate      JMA equation      Hydrothermal method      Diffusion mechanism      Orientation attachment     
Received: 20 July 2011      Published: 10 October 2011
MSC2000:  O643.12  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91022027, 51062005, 50862005).

Corresponding Authors: JIANG Xiang-Ping, ZHAN Hong-Quan     E-mail:,
Cite this article:

ZHAN Hong-Quan, JIANG Xiang-Ping, LI Xiao-Hong, LUO Zhi-Yun, CHEN Chao, LI Yue-Ming. Formation Mechanism of Barium Titanate Nanoparticle Aggregations. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2011, 27(12): 2927-2932.

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