Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2012, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (02): 297-302.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201112012

• THERMODYNAMICS, KINETICS, AND STRUCTURAL CHEMISTRY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Solvo-Thermal Synthesis of Cu2O Micro-Spheres and Their Catalytic Performance for Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate

LUO Xiao-Lin1, HAN Yin-Feng1, YANG De-Suo1, CHEN Ya-Shao2   

  1. 1. Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Phytochemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Baoji University of Arts and Sciences, Baoji 721013, Shaanxi Province, P. R. China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, P. R. China
  • Received:2011-09-05 Revised:2011-11-21 Published:2012-01-11
  • Contact: LUO Xiao-Lin E-mail:luoxl225@163.com
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by Shannxi Provincial Department of Education Project, China (11JK0603) and Shannxi Provincial Key Laboratory Project, China (11JS007).

Abstract: Cu2O micro-spheres were fabricated by a solvothermal method using poly vinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as an additive. The influences of PVP dosage and reaction temperature on the morphologies of the products were investigated. Cu2O micro-spheres with diameters of 100-200 nm and about 1 μm were synthesized with reaction time of 2.5 and 4.5 h, respectively. Meanwhile, differential thermal analysis (DTA) was used to determine the catalytic performance of these Cu2O micro-spheres with different diameters for thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP). Adding 2% (w) Cu2O micro-spheres with diameters of 100-200 nm and about 1 μm into AP decreased the maximum temperature of AP decomposition by 116 and 118 °C, respectively, and increased the amount of AP decomposed at lower temperature.

Key words: Cu2O micro-spheres, Solvent-thermal synthesis, Ammonium perchlorate, Thermal decomposition

MSC2000: 

  • O643