Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2012, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (03): 686-692.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201112292

• CATALYSIS AND SURFACE SCIENCE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Production of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural from Inulin Catalyzed by Sulfonated Amorphous Carbon in an Ionic Liquid

GONG Yan-Yan1, LIU Min1, JIA Song-Yan1, FENG Jian-Ping1, SONG Chun-Shan1,2, GUO Xin-Wen1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Department of Catalysis Chemistry and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning Province, P. R. China;
    2. EMS Energy Institute and Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
  • Received:2011-09-27 Revised:2011-12-22 Published:2012-02-23
  • Contact: LIU Min, GUO Xin-Wen;
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20803005).

Abstract: The production of 5-hydroxylmethylfurfural (HMF) from inulin over sulfonated amorphous carbon was studied in an ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Bmim]Cl). The effects of reaction solvent, water content, reaction temperature, reaction time, and catalyst dosage on the yield of HMF were investigated. Experimental results indicated that optimum reaction conditions required a reaction temperature of 100 °C, a reaction time of 60 min, an R value of 5 (R represents the molar ratio of added water to fructose units in inulin), and a mass ratio of catalyst to inulin of 1:3, affording HMF in yields of up to 50%.

Key words: Inulin, 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural, Sulfonated amorphous carbon, Ionic liquid, Fructose


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