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Acta Phys. Chim. Sin.  2012, Vol. 28 Issue (04): 843-849    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201202172
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY     
Pore Structures of Carbon Aerogels and Their Effects on Electrochemical Supercapacitor Performance
LIU Dong1, SHEN Jun1, LI Ya-Jie1, LIU Nian-Ping1, LIU Bin2
1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Special Microstructure Materials and Technology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, P. R. China;
2. Institute of Aerospace Special Materials and Technology, Beijing Mailbox 7203, P. R. China
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Abstract  Control of the pore structures of carbon aerogels (CAs) was investigated by changing the sol-gel polymerization and activation conditions. The morphologies and physical properties of the CAs and KOH activated carbon aerogels (ACAs) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and N2 adsorption isotherms. The electrochemical performances of the CAs and ACAs as electrode materials were characterized using cyclic voltammetry (CV), a galvanostatic charge-discharge test, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results showed that the well developed threedimensional nano-network structures and the reasonable pore size distributions of the CAs have great effect on their electrochemical performance in supercapacitors. Because of abundant mesopores and a high specific surface area (1480 m2·g-1), the specific capacitance of a ACA electrode in 6 mol·L-1 KOH electrolyte was approximately 216 F·g-1 at a scan rate of 100 mV·s-1. A simple model was used to investigate the role of the pores in electrochemical performance.

Key wordsCarbon aerogel      Pore structure      Supercapacitor      Electrochemical performance     
Received: 23 November 2011      Published: 17 February 2012
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11074189) and Shanghai Committee of Science and Technology, China (11nm0501600).

Corresponding Authors: SHEN Jun     E-mail: shenjun67@tongji.edu.cn
Cite this article:

LIU Dong, SHEN Jun, LI Ya-Jie, LIU Nian-Ping, LIU Bin. Pore Structures of Carbon Aerogels and Their Effects on Electrochemical Supercapacitor Performance. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(04): 843-849.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201202172     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2012/V28/I04/843

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