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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2012,Vol.28>> Issue(06)>> 1539-1544     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201204101         中文摘要
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS
Synthesis and Gas Sensitivity of In2O3/CdO Composite
CHEN Peng-Peng1, WANG Jing1, YAO Peng-Jun1,2, DU Hai-Ying1,3, LI Xiao-Gan1
1. School of Electronic Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, Liaoning Province, P. R. China;
2. School of Educational Technology, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110000, P. R. China;
3. Department of Electromechanical Engineering & Information, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian 116600, Liaoning Province, P. R. China
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Indium oxide (In2O3) was synthesized using a hydrothermal process. The crystallography and microstructure of the synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The In2O3 had a flower-like hierarchical nanostructure and was composed of tiny near-spherical crystals with a diameter of approximately 20 nm. When In2O3 was mixed with CdO in a 1:1 molar ratio, it was found that the resulting In2O3/CdO composite showed an interesting grape-like porous microstructure following calcinations at elevated temperatures. A gas sensor using this In2O3/CdO composite as the sensing material showed higher sensitivity to different concentration of formaldehyde than the gas sensor based on pure flower-like In2O3 nanomaterials. The In2O3/CdO-based sensors showed a high sensitivity to a concentration of 0.05×10-6 formaldehyde at the optimized operating temperature of 410 °C and a good level of selectivity over other possible interference gases such as ethanol, toluene, acetone, methanol, and ammonia. The gas sensing mechanism of In2O3/CdO sensor has been discussed in detail.

Keywords: Composite material   Gas sensor   Formaldehyde vapor   Nano-materials   Porous microstructure  
Received: 2012-02-01 Accepted: 2012-04-09 Publication Date (Web): 2012-04-10
Corresponding Authors: Wang Jing Email: wangjing@dlut.edu.cn

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61176068, 61131004, 61001054).

Cite this article: CHEN Peng-Peng, WANG Jing, YAO Peng-Jun, DU Hai-Ying, LI Xiao-Gan. Synthesis and Gas Sensitivity of In2O3/CdO Composite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28 (06): 1539-1544.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201204101
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62. DUAN Jun-Yuan, ZHANG Qiao-Xin, WANG Yi-Long, GUAN Jian-Guo.Facile Synthesis and Formation Mechanism of Silver Nanoplates with Edge Lengths of Several Micrometers[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1405-1408
63. ZHOU Jing-Hong, HAN Wei-Wei, SUI Zhi-Jun, GUO Rong, FANG Xiang-Chen, ZHOU Xing-Gui.Preparation and Characterization of Tri-Lobular Alumina/Carbon Nanofiber Composites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1455-1460
64. MA Ruo-Biao, FU Yan-Bao, MA Xiao-Hua.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Tin-Dioxide Filled Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 441-445
65. DU Bing, JIANG Qi, ZHAO Xiao-Feng, LIN Sun-Zhong, MU Pei-Shan, ZHAO Yong.Preparation of PPy/CNTs Composite Based on the Electrostatic Absorption Effect[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 513-518
66. CHEN Xi-Liang; MA Ming-Wang; YANG Xiao-Min; YANG Kang; JI Te; WU Sheng-Wei; ZHU Zhi-Yong.Electrical and Optical Properties of MWNTs/HDPE Composites in THz Region[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(11): 1969-1974
67. FAN Hui-Tao; ZENG Yi; YANG Hai-Bin; ZHENG Xue-Jun; LIU Li; ZHANG Tong.Preparation and Gas Sensitive Properties of ZnO-CuO Nanocomposites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1292-1296
68. WU Hua-Tao; ZHANG Ying; NING Xiang-Li; LIANG Hong-Lian; FANG Yu.Preparation of P(AM-co-MAA)-W-Ag Composite Microspheres with Core-Shell Structures[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(04): 646-652
69. XU Can; ZHANG Xiao-Fang; CHEN Liang; ZHU Li-Fang; ZHANG Rong-Jun.Theoretical Study on the Even-Odd Oscillation of the Vibration Modes of the Silica Nanowire[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(11): 1733-1737
70. WANG Yi; JIANG Wei; CHENG Zhi-Peng; ZHANG Xian-Feng; AN Chong-Wei; SONG Xiao-Lan; LI Feng-Sheng.Thermal Performance Investigation of Core-Shell Cu/Al Micron-Nano Composites with WO3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(11): 1753-1759
71. LI Guo-Hua; TIAN Wei; TANG Jun-Yan; MA Chun-An.Preparation and Electrocatalytic Property for Methanol Oxidation of WC/CNT Nanocomposite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(09): 1370-1374
72. FAN Xiao-Yong; ZHUANG Quan-Chao; JIANG Hong-Hong; HUANG Ling; DONG Quan-Feng; SUN Shi-Gang.Three-dimensional Porous Cu6Sn5 Alloy Anodes for Lithium-ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 973-977
73. SHE Shi-Xiong; SU Bi-Tao; YANG Yan; MIN Shi-Xiong; LEI Zi-Qiang.Preparation of Functional Polymer Nanomaterial and Its Catalytic Property[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(06): 900-904
74. SONG Yu-Feng;ZHU Zhi-Yong;JI Te;GE Min;CHEN Xi-Liang;LIU Qi .THz time-domain spectroscopic study of polyethylene-carbon black composites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(02): 177-180
75. ZHOU Yu-Ming1;ZHONG Ai-Min;HE Man;CUI Yi-Ping;ZHANG Tong .Preparation and Characterization of Novel PUT/SiO2 Nanocomposite Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(02): 223-227
76. CHAI Yong-Cun;CHEN Xiao;SUI Zhen-Ming;ZHUANG Wen-Chang.Electrochemical Deposition of Bunchy Nanostructured Platinum from Lyotropic Liquid Crystal Template[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(12): 1506-1510
77. ZHU Lu-Ping;HUANG Wen-Ya;MA Li-Li;FU Shao-Yun;YU Ying;JIA Zhi-Jie.Synthesis and Characteristics of ZnO-CNTs Nanocomposites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1175-1180
78. BIAN Cheng-Xiang;XU Xue-Cheng;YU Wei;CHEN Yi-Wei;CHENG Rong-Ming;SHI Yan;LI Xiang-Mei;JIN Sheng-Song.Study on Conductive Mechanism of Composites―Sulfonated Polyphenylacetylene / Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1185-1190
79. LEI Zhong-Li;FAN You-Hua .Preparation and Characterization of Silver Nanocomposites Based on Copolymers[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(08): 1021-1024
80. WANG Zhong;TIAN Wen-Huai;LI Xing-Guo.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Sn-Sb Alloy Prepared by Hydrogen Plasma-metal Reaction[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(06): 752-755
81. LI Zhi; GONG Qian-Ming; LIANG Ji; HUANG Qi-Zhong; HUANG Bai-Yun.Study on Oxidation Properties of New ACNT/C Nanocomposites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(03): 316-321
82. CAO Jie-ming; WANG Jun; FANG Bao-qing; ZHENG Ming-bo; LU Hong-xia; CHANG Xin; WANG Hai-yan.Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanomaterials with Different Morphologies in Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(06): 668-672
83. Chen Feng; Zhu Yi-Ping; Ma Hong-Liao; Bo Zi-Long; Zhang Jin-Long.Preparation and Characterization of TiO2--CdS-MCM-41 Nano-composite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(11): 1292-1296
84. Lin Li;Lin Wei;Wang Pei;Zhu Yue-Xiang;Zhao Bi-Yin;Xie You-Chang.Uniform Carbon-covered Alumina Synthesized by Pyrolysis of Sucrose/γ-Al2O3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(10): 1179-1181
85. Li Di;Li Jing-Hong.Electrochemistry of Monolayer Protected Nanoclusters[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(08S): 982-988
86. Sun Shi-Gang.Enhanced IR Absorption and Abnormal IR Effects of Low-dimensional Nanomaterials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(08S): 1017-1023
87. Zhang Ying;Fang Yu;Lin Shu-Yu;Liu Jing;Yang Juan-Ling.Preparation of Spherical Nano-structured PMAA/CdS Composites by a Microgel Template Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(08S): 897-901
88. Chen Ming-An;Zhang Xin-Ming;Xie Xuan.Interphase Analysis of Adhesion Bonded Aluminum Sheet/polypropylene and Maleic Anhydride Grafted Polypropylene by XPS[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(08): 882-886
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90. Wang Hui;Zhang Xiu-Juan;Zhang Xiao-Hong;Wu Shi-Kang.The Preparation of Nano-sized Silica Gel Suspension and the Recognition of Transition Metal Cations[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(03): 313-317
91. Qiu Jie-Shan;An Yu-Liang;Li Qi-Xiu;Zhou Ying;Yang Qing.Preparation of Carbon Encapsulated Metal (Mn,Co) Nanomaterials with Apoferrintin as the Constrained Nano-sized Reactor[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(03): 260-264
92. Dong Xiang-Ting;He Ying;Yan Jing-Hui;Xue Bo-Fei;Feng Xiu-Li;Hong Guang-Yan.Preparation and Characterization of Nanosized AgBr/PMMA Photochromic Hybrid Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(12): 1159-1162
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94. Wang Shan;Fang Yu;Zhang Ying;Wang MingZhen;Hu DaoDao;Liao YiKun.Preparation of Chitosan/CdS Composite Films and Their Sensing Properties to Pyridine[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(06): 514-518
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96. Ruan Sheng-Ping;Wu Feng-Qing;Wang Yong-Wei;Zhang Li;Wu Ri-Na;Xuan Li.Synthesis and Microwave Absorbing Properties of Nanocrystalline Barium Ferrite Composite Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(03): 275-277
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105. Qiu Shi-Lun, Zhai Qing-Zhou, Xiao Feng-Shou, Zhang Zong-Tao, Han Yu.The Developments of the Studies of New Type Zeolite Molecular Sieve Host-nanoguest Composite Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(12): 1116-1122
106. TANY Yan-Ping, YUAN Sha, GUO Yu-Zhong, HUANG Rui-An, WANG Jian-Hua, YANGBin, DAI Yong-Nian.Magnesiothermic Reduction Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Highly Ordered Mesoporous Si/C Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
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