Please wait a minute...
Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2012, Vol. 28 Issue (10): 2327-2335    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201207303
Applications of Monolayer-Dispersed Organic Compounds in the Preparation of Related Materials
WANG Yu, JIANG Jun-Cong, ZHU Yue-Xiang, XIE You-Chang
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
Download:   PDF(901KB) Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      


Many organic compounds will spontaneously disperse on the surface of a solid support to form monolayers, in a manner similar to that of inorganic salts and oxides, and numerous materials with useful properties can be designed and prepared based on this phenomenon. The dispersion behavior and orientation of organic compounds in monolayers depend not only on the molecular structure of organic compounds but also on the surface features and pore structure of the support. This short review summarizes the applications of monolayer-dispersed organic compounds in the preparation and texture control of related materials, including carbon/oxide composites, various other oxides, and mesoporous carbon with thin pore walls. Pyrolysis of organic monolayers can be used to prepare carbon/oxide composites with a uniformly thin carbon layer for use as photocatalysts, catalyst supports, and adsorbents for dyes. During the sol-gel preparation of porous oxides, organic monolayers can also prevent the aggregation of sol particles, thus producing oxides with high specific surface areas and adjustable pore volumes; γ-Al2O3 with a specific surface area as high as 506 m2·g-1 can be prepared in this manner. During calcining under an inert atmosphere, the carbon layer in the aforementioned carbon/oxide composites can significantly inhibit the phase transformation of oxides. Calcining carbon/γ-Al2O3 in oxygen at high temperatures, however, results in a rapid γ to α phase transformation. The oxides in these composites can also act as templates for the preparation of carbon materials. Dissolving the support oxides is a convenient method for the preparation of mesoporous carbon materials with high specific surface areas, large pore volumes, high mesopore ratios, and thin pore walls. The morphology and size distribution of pores in these carbon materials can be controlled by choosing oxides with different textures.

Key wordsMonolayer dispersion      Material preparation      Carbon/oxide composites      High-surface -area oxides      Phase transformation inhibition      Mesoporous carbon materials     
Received: 28 June 2012      Published: 30 July 2012
MSC2000:  O643  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20773004) and National Key Basic Research Program of China (2011CB808702).

Cite this article:

WANG Yu, JIANG Jun-Cong, ZHU Yue-Xiang, XIE You-Chang. Applications of Monolayer-Dispersed Organic Compounds in the Preparation of Related Materials. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(10): 2327-2335.

URL:     OR

(1) Xie, Y. C.; Tang, Y. Q. Adv. Catal. 1990, 37, 1. doi: 10.1016/S0360-0564(08)60362-4
(2) Wang, C. M.; Zhao, B. Y.; Xie, Y. C. Chin. J. Catal. 2003, 14 (6),475. [王春明, 赵璧英, 谢有畅. 催化学报, 2003, 14 (6), 475.]
(3) Xie, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. X.; Zhao, B. Y.; Tang, Y. Q. Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 1998, 118, 441. doi: 10.1016/S0167-2991(98)80210-3
(4) Wang, X. Y. Studies on Monolayer Dispersion of OrganicCompounds on Supports and the Sampling Techniques inDRIFT Measurement. Ph. D. Dissertation, Peking University,Beijing, 1999. [王小勇. 有机物在载体表面自发单层分散和漫反射红外表征中合理化制样的研究[D]. 北京: 北京大学,1999.]
(5) Xie, Y. C.; Zhang, J. P.; Qiu, J. G.; Tong, X. Z.; Fu, J. P.; Yang,G.; Yan, H. J.; Tang, Y. Q. Adsorption 1996, 3, 27.
(6) Xie, Y. C.; Zhang, J. P.; Tong, X. Z.; Pan, X. M.; Cai, X. H.;Yang, G.; Tang, Y. Q. Chem. J. Chin. Univ. 1997, 18, 1159. [谢有畅, 张佳平, 童显忠, 潘晓民, 蔡小海, 杨戈, 唐有祺. 高等学校化学学报, 1997, 18, 1159.]
(7) Xie, Y. C.; Zhang, J.; Geng, Y.; Tang,W.; Tong, X. Z. LargeScale CO Separation by VPSA Using CuCl/zeolite Adsorbent,In Adsorption, 4th Pacific Basin Conference on AdsorptionScience and Technology, Tianjin, China, May 22-26, 2006;Zhou, L. Ed.;World Scientific, 2006; pp 245-252.
(8) Wang, X.Y.;Wang, M.; Zhao, B.Y.; Xie,Y. C. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 1998, 14 (10), 869. [王小勇, 王敏, 赵璧英, 谢有畅.物理化学学报, 1998, 14 (10), 869.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19981002
(9) Wang, X. Y.; Zhao, B. Y.; Xie, Y. C. Acta Chim. Sin. 2000, 58 (7), 759. [王小勇, 赵璧英, 谢有畅. 化学学报, 2000, 58 (7),759.]
(10) Zhu, Y. X.; Pan, X. M.; Xie, Y. C. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 1999,15 (9), 830. [朱月香, 潘晓民, 谢有畅. 物理化学学报, 1999,15 (9), 830.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19990911
(11) Lin, L.; Lin,W.;Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. X.; Zhao, B. Y.; Xie, Y. C.Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2004, 20, 1179. [林莉, 林伟,王培, 朱月香, 赵璧英, 谢有畅. 物理化学学报, 2004, 20,1179.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20041002
(12) Lin, L.; Lin,W.; Zhu, Y. X.; Zhao, B. Y.; Xie, Y. C.; Jia, G. Q.;Li, C. Langmuir 2005, 21, 5040. doi: 10.1021/la047097d
(13) Wang, Y.; Lin, L.; Zhu, B. S.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie, Y. C. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2008, 254, 6560. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.04.022
(14) Lin, L.; Lin,W.; Zhu, Y. X.; Zhao, B. Y.; Xie, Y. C.; He, Y.; Zhu,Y. F. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 2005, 236, 46. doi: 10.1016/j.molcata.2005.04.028
(15) Lin, L. Studies on Novel Carbon/Oxide Composites. Ph. D.Dissertation, Peking University, Beijing, 2007. [林莉. 新型碳/氧化物复合物研究[D]. 北京: 北京大学, 2007.]
(16) Chen, J.; Zeng, C. F.; Zhang, L. X.; Xu, N. P. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2007, 23 (9), 1463. [陈军, 曾昌凤, 张利雄, 徐南平.物理化学学报, 2007, 23 (9), 1463.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20070930
(17) Wang, C. M. Spontaneous Monolayer Dispersion of OrganicCompounds onto Supports and Its Application in the Preparationof High-Surface-Area γ-Alumina. Ph. D. Dissertation, PekingUniversity, Beijing, 2005. [王春明. 有机物在载体表面的单层分散及其在制备高比表面积氧化铝中的应用. 北京: 北京大学, 2005.]
(18) Jiang, D. E.; Zhao, B. Y.; Huang, H. Z.; Xie, Y. C.; Pan, G. C.;Ran, G. P.; Min, E. Z. Appl. Catal. A 2000, 192, 1. doi: 10.1016/S0926-860X(99)00327-0
(19) Zhu, J. F.;Wang, C. M.; Zhu, Y. X.; Zhao, B. Y.; Xie, Y. C.Chin. J. Chem. 2005, 23, 506. doi: 10.1002/(ISSN)1614-7065
(20) Rao, K. S. R.; Rao, P. K.; Masthan, S. K. Appl. Catal. 1990, 62,L19.
(21) Reddy, G. K.; Rao, K. S. R.; Rao, P. K. Catal. Lett. 1999, 59,157. doi: 10.1023/A:1019084924525
(22) de Lecea, C. S. M.; Lineres-Solano, A.; Díaz-Auňón, J. A.;L'Argentière, P. C. Carbon 2000, 38, 157. doi: 10.1016/S0008-6223(99)00230-4
(23) Li, H. T.; Chen, H. R.; Zhang, Y.; Gao, C. G.; Zhao, Y. X. Chin. J. Catal. 2011, 32 (1), 111. [李海涛, 陈昊然, 张因, 高春光,赵永祥. 催化学报, 2011, 32 (1), 111.]
(24) Zheng, M. Y.; Shu, Y. Y.; Sun, J.; Zhang, T. Catal. Lett. 2008,121, 90. doi: 10.1007/s10562-007-9300-9
(25) Lin, B. Y.;Wang, R.; Lin, J. X.; Ni, J.;Wei, K. M. Catal. Commun. 2011, 12, 1452. doi: 10.1016/j.catcom.2011.05.029
(26) He, S. B.; Sun, C. L.; Du, H. Z.; Dai, X. H.;Wang, B. Chem. Eng. J. 2008, 141, 284. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2007.12.036
(27) Liu, Y.; Chen, J.; Yao, J. F.; Lu, Y.; Zhang, L. X.; Liu, X. Q.Chem. Eng. J. 2009, 148, 201. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2009.01.010
(28) Matos, J.; Laine, J.; Hermann, J. M.; Uzcategui, D.; Brito, J. L.Appl. Catal. B 2007, 70, 461. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2005.10.040
(29) Tsumura, T.; Kojitani, N.; Izumi, I.; Iwashita, N.; Toyada, M.;Inagaki, M. J. Mater. Chem. 2002, 12, 1391. doi: 10.1039/b201942f
(30) Janus, M.; Inagaki, M.; Tryba, B.; Toyoda, M.; Morawski, A.W.Appl. Catal. B 2006, 63, 272. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2005.10.005
(31) Inagaki, M.; Kojin, F.; Tryba, B.; Toyoda, M. Carbon 2005, 43,1652. doi: 10.1016/j.carbon.2005.01.043
(32) Khan, S. U. M.; Al-Shahry, M.; Ingler,W. B., Jr. Science 2002,297, 2243. doi: 10.1126/science.1075035
(33) Xu, C.; Killmeyer, R.; Grey, M. L.; Khan, S. U. M. Appl. Catal. B 2006, 64, 312. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2005.11.008
(34) Sakthivel, S.; Kisch, H. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2003, 42, 4908.doi: 10.1002/(ISSN)1521-3773
(35) Ren,W. J.; Ai, Z. H.; Jia, F. L.; Zhang, L. Z.; Fan, X. X.; Zou, Z.G. Appl. Catal. B 2007, 69, 138. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2006.06.015
(36) Lin, L.; Zhou, Y.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie, Y. C. Chin. J. Catal. 2006, 27 (1), 45. [林莉, 周毅, 朱月香, 谢有畅. 催化学报, 2006,27 (1), 45.]
(37) Matos, J.; Laine, J.; Hermann, J. M. Appl. Catal. B 1998, 18,281. doi: 10.1016/S0926-3373(98)00051-4
(38) Zhao, B. Y.; Xu, X. P.; Ma, H. R.; Sun, D. H.; Gao, J. M. Catal. Lett. 1997, 45, 237. doi: 10.1023/A:1019048503124
(39) Gao, Y.; Zhao, H. B.; Zhao, B. Y. J. Mater. Sci. 2000, 35, 917.doi: 10.1023/A:1004702508967
(40) Jiang, D. E.; Pan, G. C.; Zhao, B. Y.; Ran, G. P.; Xie, Y. C.; Min,E. Z. Appl. Catal. A 2000, 201, 169. doi: 10.1016/S0926-860X(00)00437-3
(41) Zhu, Y. X.; Zhao, B. Y.; Zhou, C. J.;Wang, R. Q.; Xie, Y. C.Chin. J. Chem. 2001, 19, 131.
(42) Mitchell, L. D.; Whitfield, P. S.; Margeson, J.; Beaudoin, J. J.J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 2002, 21 (22), 1773. doi: 10.1023/A:1020937224402
(43) Wang, C. M.; Zhao, B. Y.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie, Y. C. Chin. J. Catal.2004, 25 (5), 341. [王春明, 赵璧英, 朱月香, 谢有畅. 催化学报, 2004, 25 (5), 341.]
(44) Wang, C. M.;Wang, P.;Wang, H.; Zhao, B. Y.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie,Y. C. Chin. J. Catal. 2005, 26 (9), 797. [王春明, 王培,王晖, 赵璧英, 朱月香, 谢有畅. 催化学报, 2005, 26 (9), 797.]
(45) Yu, X. F.;Wu, N. Z.; Xie, Y. C.; Tang, Y. Q. J. Mater. Chem.2000, 10, 1629. doi: 10.1039/a909893c
(46) Zeng, L.;Wang, C. M.;Wei, J. Y.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie, Y. C. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2004, 20, 251. [曾莉, 王春明, 尉继英,朱月香, 谢有畅. 物理化学学报, 2004, 20, 251.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20040307
(47) Wu, Y. C.; Yang, Y.; Li, Y.; Cui, P. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2005,21, 79. [吴玉程, 杨晔, 李勇, 崔平. 物理化学学报,2005, 21, 79.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20050116
(48) Zhang, J.; Xu, Q.; Li, M. J.; Feng, Z. C.; Li, C. J. Phys. Chem. C2009, 113, 1698. doi: 10.1021/jp808013k
(49) Guo, Y.;Wang, P.; Yu, G.;Wang, Y.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie, Y. C. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2010, 26, 1887. [郭颖, 王培, 隗罡,王羽, 朱月香, 谢有畅. 物理化学学报, 2010, 26, 1887.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100712
(50) Zhang, Q. H.; Gao, L.; Guo, J. K. Appl. Catal. B 2000, 26, 207.doi: 10.1016/S0926-3373(00)00122-3
(51) Ikeda, S.; Sugiyama, N.; Murakami, S.; Kominami, H.; Kera, Y.;Noguchi, H.; Uosaki, K.; Torimoto, T.; Ohatani, B. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2003, 5, 778.
(52) Zhang, J.; Li, M. J.; Feng, Z. C.; Chen, J.; Li, C. J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110, 927. doi: 10.1021/jp0552473
(53) Wang, P.;Wang, C. M.; Lin, L.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie, Y. C. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2006, 89, 2744.
(54) Wang, P.; Lin, L.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie, Y. C. J. Am. Ceram. Soc.2007, 90, 402. doi: 10.1111/jace.2007.90.issue-2
(55) Wang,Y.;Yu, G.; Cai, B.; Zhu,Y. X.; Xie,Y. C. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2011, 27, 729. [王羽, 魁罡, 蔡斌, 朱月香, 谢有畅. 物理化学学报, 2011, 27, 729.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110321
(56) Wang, Y.; Dong, H.; Geng, L.; Yu, G.; Zhu, Y. X.; Xie, Y. C.Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2012, 28, 1525. [王羽, 董会,耿靓, 隗罡, 朱月香, 谢有畅. 物理化学学报, 2012, 28,1525.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201203271
(57) Wang, Y. Controllable Synthesis of Novel Mesoporous CarbonMaterials with Thin PoreWalls. Ph. D. Dissertation, PekingUniversity, Beijing, 2011. [王羽. 新型薄壁中孔碳材料的可控制备[D]. 北京: 北京大学, 2011.]

[1] Xueting LIN,Mingli FU,Hui HE,Junliang WU,Limin CHEN,Daiqi YE,Yun HU,Yifan WANG,William WEN. Synthesis of MnOx-CeO2 Using Metal-Organic Framework as Sacrificial Template and Its Performance in the Toluene Catalytic Oxidation Reaction[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2018, 34(6): 719-730.
[2] ZHANG Jin-Shui, WANG Bo, WANG Xin-Chen. Chemical Synthesis and Applications of Graphitic Carbon Nitride[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013, 29(09): 1865-1876.
[3] CHEN Jun; ZENG Chang-Feng; ZHANG Li-Xiong; XU Nan-Ping. Spontaneous Monolayer Dispersion of Sucrose on the Surface of MCM-48[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007, 23(09): 1463-1467.
[4] GUAN Hong-bo; LIANG Jian; ZHU Yue-xiang; ZHAO Bi-ying; XIE You-chang. Structure Characterization and Monolayer Dispersion Phenomenon of MgO-ZrO2 Prepared by Co-precipitation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005, 21(09): 1011-1016.
[5] Chen Dong-Liang;Hu Yu-Hai;Chen Yi;Zhang Xin-Yi;Wei Shi-Qiang. Monolayer Dispersive CuO/γ-Al2O3 Catalyst Studied by XAFS[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003, 19(06): 519-522.
[6] Liang Jian;Huang Hui-Zhong;Xie You-Chang. The Phases of ZrO2-Al2O3 Composites with High Specific Surface Prepared by Co-precipitation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003, 19(01): 30-34.
[7] Wang Xiao-Yong, Wang Min, Zhao Bi-Ying, Xie You-Chang. Spontaneous Monolayer Dispersion of Some Organic Compounds on Oxide-supports[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998, 14(10): 869-873.
[8] Wang Kai-Xuan,Yang Xia-Wan,Zhao Bi-Ying,Xie You-Chang,Sun Ping-Chuan,Men Ai-Ju. 7Li MAS NMR Studies on LiCl/γ-Al2O3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1997, 13(03): 196-199.
[9] Guo Yang,Zhao Bi-Ying,Tang You-Qi. Effect of Surface Monolayer Modification by Oxides on the Thermal Stability of Tin Dioxide Ultrafine Powder[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1997, 13(02): 97-100.
[10] Lin Cheng-Zhi,Cai Xiao-Hai,Xie You-Chang. Study of Dispersion State of CuCl2 onto the Surface of NaY Zeolite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1996, 12(06): 523-526.
[11] Zhao Bi-Ying,Xu Xian-Ping,Gao Jin-Ming,Ma Hua-Rong,Tang You-Qi. The Effect of the Preparation Methods on the Structure of WO3/ZrO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1995, 11(11): 979-984.
[12] Cai Xiao-Hai, Liu Ying-Jun, Liu Zhi-Wei, Xie You-Chang. An EXAFS Study on Support Effect of NiO Dispersion State[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1994, 10(01): 15-18.