Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2012, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (12): 2809-2816.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201209263


Effect of Substituents on Hydrogen Bond Strength in Hydrogen-Bonded N-methylacetamide and Uracil Complexes

LIU Dong-Jia, WANG Chang-Sheng   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2012-07-27 Revised:2012-09-25 Published:2012-11-14
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20973088, 21173109, 21133005) and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (20102136110001).


Theoretical calculations on a series of N-H…O=C hydrogen-bonded complexes containing 1-methyluracil and N-methylacetamide were carried out using B3LYP and MP2 methods. Substituent effects in the hydrogen bond acceptor molecule (1-methyluracil) on the hydrogen bond strength and hydrogen bond cooperativity were explored. The calculation results show that electron donating groups shorten the H…O distance and strengthen the N-H…O=C hydrogen bond, whereas electron withdrawing groups lengthen the H…O distance and weaken the N-H…O=C hydrogen bond. Natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis further indicates that electron donating groups result in a larger positive charge on the H atom and a larger negative charge on the O atom in the N-H…O=C bond, and result in increased charge transfer between the proton donor and acceptor molecules. Electron withdrawing groups show the opposite results. NBO analysis also indicates that electron donating groups result in larger second-order interaction energies between the oxygen lone pair and the N - H antibonding orbital when compared to the 1-methyluracil-containing complex (R=H), while electron withdrawing groups result in smaller second-order interaction energies.

Key words: Hydrogen-bonded complex, Substituent, Hydrogen bond strength, Natural bond orbital analysis, Hydrogen bond cooperativity


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