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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2013,Vol.29>> Issue(01)>> 102-110     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201210231         中文摘要
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY
Synthesis of Nitrogen Doped Porous Carbons from Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose and the Capacitive Performance
CHEN Chong, CHEN Xiang-Ying, XIE Dong-Hua
Anhui Key Laboratory of Controllable Chemistry Reaction & Material Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Anhui 230009, P. R. China
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We demonstrate a direct carbonization method to prepare porous carbons as electrode materials without an activation process, using sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (NaCMC) as the carbon source, which are further doped with varying mass ratios of nitrogen. From X-ray photoelectron data, the nitrogen species include pyridinic N, graphitic N, and pyrrolic N. The relative mass ratios of NaCMC and CO(NH2)2 affect the nature of the nitrogen species, dopant dosages as well as specific surface areas and pore structures. The cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements in 6 mol·L-1 KOH aqueous solutions reveal that the specific surface areas and capacitive performances improve after nitrogen-doping. Taking carbon-N-1:20 as example, its SBET can reach 858 m2·g-1, which is higher than that of carbon-blank (463 m2·g-1) and the corresponding specific capacitance greatly improves from 94.0 to 156.7 F· g-1, respectively. The present carbons are excellent electrode candidates for high-rate electrochemical capacitors.



Keywords: Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose   Porous carbon   Nitrogen doping   Capacitive performance  
Received: 2012-10-02 Accepted: 2012-10-18 Publication Date (Web): 2012-10-24
Corresponding Authors: Email: cxyhfut@gmail.com

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21101052), Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation, China (090414194), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (20100480045), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China.

Cite this article: CHEN Chong, CHEN Xiang-Ying, XIE Dong-Hua. Synthesis of Nitrogen Doped Porous Carbons from Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose and the Capacitive Performance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29 (01): 102-110.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201210231

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