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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2013, Vol. 29 Issue (07): 1494-1500    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201304271
Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of Microporous Carbon Using a Zinc(II)-Organic Coordination Polymer
QIAN Jia-Sheng, LIU Ming-Xian, GAN Li-Hua, LÜ Yao-Kang, CHEN Ling-Yan, YE Rui-Jie, CHEN Long-Wu
Department of Chemistry, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, P. R. China
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Microporous carbon was prepared using a novel procedure based on a zinc(II)-organic coordination polymer. The polymer was prepared through the coordination interaction of zinc ions with tartaric acid, and then it was introduced into the open networks of resorcinol/formaldehyde (R/F) resol using hydrogen-bonding interactions. The R/F resol and zinc-organic coordination compound system copolymerized to produce an R/F and zinc-organic coordination copolymer. The copolymer was then heat-treated at 950℃ to decompose and evaporate zinc to fabricate microporous carbon materials. The carbon materials possessed relatively regular large micropores, with a specific surface area of up to 1260 m2·g-1 and a total pore volume of 0.63 cm3·g-1. The resultant microporous carbon materials were used as supercapacitor electrodes, exhibiting an equivalent series resistance of 0.46 Ω, and ideal capacitive behavior with a rectangular shape in cyclic voltammograms. Galvanostatic charge/discharge measurements of the carbon materials gave a specific capacitance of 196 F·g-1 at a current density of 1 A· g-1 and 137 F·g-1 at a large current density of 10 A·g-1. A high retention of 98% was measured for the long-term cycling stability (~1000 cycles) of the mesoporous carbon. Overall, the microporous carbon materials exhibited very good electrochemical performance. This study highlights the potential of well-designed microporous carbon materials as electrodes for diverse supercapacitor applications.

Key wordsMicroporous carbon      Synthesis      Electrochemical performance      Zinc(II)-organic coordination polymer      Hydrogen-bonding interaction      Electrode material     
Received: 17 January 2013      Published: 27 April 2013
MSC2000:  O646  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21207099, 21273162), Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality, China (11nm0501000, 12ZR1451100), Key Subject of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, China (J50102), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (2011KJ023).

Corresponding Authors: LIU Ming-Xian, GAN Li-Hua     E-mail:;
Cite this article:

QIAN Jia-Sheng, LIU Ming-Xian, GAN Li-Hua, LÜ Yao-Kang, CHEN Ling-Yan, YE Rui-Jie, CHEN Long-Wu. Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of Microporous Carbon Using a Zinc(II)-Organic Coordination Polymer. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013, 29(07): 1494-1500.

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