ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2013,Vol.29>> Issue(11)>> 2371-2384     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201309131         中文摘要
A Mesoscale Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Model for Lithium-Ion Batteries
ZENG Jian-Bang, JIANG Fang-Ming
Laboratory of Advanced Energy System, CAS Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, P. R. China
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We develop a model for the multi-disciplinary transport coupled electrochemical reaction processes in lithium-ion batteries via a smoothed particle hydrodynamics numerical approach. This model is based on a mesoscopic treatment to the micropore structures of electrodes. Focusing on the effects of solid active particle size, this work explores the feasibility of using this model for electrode microstructure design. The model results provide detailed distributive information of all the primary and participating parameters, including Li+ concentration in the electrolyte, Li concentration in solid active particles, solid/electrolyte phase potential, and transfer current density. Furthermore, macroscopic parameters such as the output voltage are also determined. Based on the simulation results, the underlying physicochemical fundamentals are analyzed and the relationships between the macroscopic performance of the battery and the size of solid active particles are revealed. The battery having the smallest solid active particles in both electrodes features a more uniform Li distribution inside the particles and a more uniform distribution of electrochemical reactions on the surface of each particle, leading to a higher output voltage.

Keywords: Smoothed particle hydrodynamics   Lithium-ion battery   Mesoscale   Multi-disciplinary transport process   Solid active particle size  
Received: 2013-07-31 Accepted: 2013-09-12 Publication Date (Web): 2013-09-13
Corresponding Authors: JIANG Fang-Ming Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51206171), Director Innovation Foundation of Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences (y207r31001), and the Chinese Academy of Sciences“100 Talents”Plan.

Cite this article: ZENG Jian-Bang, JIANG Fang-Ming. A Mesoscale Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Model for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29 (11): 2371-2384.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201309131

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61. ZHANG Qiu-Mei, SHI Zhi-Cong, LI Yi-Xiao, GAO Dan, CHEN Guo-Hua, YANG Yong.Recent Advances in Fluorophosphate and Orthosilicate Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 267-274
62. WANG Xiao-Ya, CHENG Qian, HUANG Tao, YU Ai-Shui.Effect of Calcination Atmosphere on Li/Ni Disorder and Electrochemical Performance of Layered LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 437-442
63. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia, ZHANG Jin-Qiu.Cathodic and Thermal Stabilities of the P(VdF-HFP)-Based Ionic Liquid Composite Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 78-84
64. CHEN Shi-Yu, WANG Zhao-Xiang, FANG Xiang-Peng, ZHAO Hai-Lei, LIU Xiao-Jiang, CHEN Li-Quan.Characterization of TiS2 as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 97-102
65. ZHOU Xiao-Ling, HUANG Rui-An, WU Zhao-Cong, YANG Bin, DAI Yong-Nian.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of High-Rate Spinel Li4Ti5Ol2/TiN Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3187-3192
66. CHANG Zhao-Rong, DAI Dong-Mei, LI Bao, TANG Hong-Wei.Effect of Hydrazine on the Performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(10): 2633-2637
67. LI Ya-Juan, ZHAN Hui, LIU Su-Qin, HUANG Ke-Long, ZHOU Yun-Hong.Nanosized Flame Retarded HydroxideMagnesium/Poly(ethylene-oxide) Composite Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2387-2391
68. DAI Ke-Hua, MAO Jing, ZHAI Yu-Chun.High Rate Capability of 5 V LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode Materials Synthesized via a Gel-Combustion Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2130-2134
69. QIU Xiang-Yun, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, WANG Hong-Ming, CUI Yong-Li, FANG Liang, SUN Shi-Gang.Influence of Electrolyte Composition on the Intercalation-Deintercalation Process of Lithium Ion in Spinel LiMn2O4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1499-1506
70. QU Xiao-Hua, LIU Jie, WANG Zhao-Xiang, CAO Dian-Liang, FANG Xiang-Peng, ZHANG Ling, DUAN Jing-Lai, YAO Hui-Jun, CHEN Yan-Feng, SUN You-Mei, HOU Ming-Dong.Preparation of Microporous Membranes by Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation and Impedance Characterization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1722-1726
71. ZHANG Xiao-Yu, JIANG Wei-Jun, ZHU Xiao-Pei, QI Lu.Characterization of LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 Synthesized by Wet-Chemical Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1507-1514
72. ZHANG Hui-Juan, SONG Huai-He, ZHOU Ji-Sheng, ZHANG Hong-Kun, CHEN Xiao-Hong.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of SnO2/Onion-Like Hollow Carbon Nanoparticle Composites as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1259-1263
73. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia.Preparation of an Ionic Liquid Gel Polymer Electrolyte and Its Compatibility with a LiFePO4 Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1233-1238
74. CHANG Yu-Qing, HUANG Ling, SUN Shi-Gang.Electrodeposition and Electrochemical Properties of Ternary Sn-Co-Zn Alloy Electrodes as Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 561-566
75. XIONG Li-Zhi, HE Ze-Qiang.A New Rheological Phase Route to Synthesize Nano-LiVOPO4 Cathode Material for LithiumIon Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 573-577
76. CHANG Zhao-Rong, YU Xu, TANG Hong-Wei, WEI Wen-Qiang, DAI Dong-Mei.Influence of Al Doping Content on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of LiNi1/3Co2/3-xAlxO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 567-572
77. LU Hua-Quan, WU Feng, SU Yue-Feng, LI Ning, CHEN Shi, BAO Li-Ying.Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries Prepared by Oxalate Co-Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 51-56
78. TAN Xiao-Lan, CHENG Xin-Qun, MA Yu-Lin, ZUO Peng-Jian, YIN Ge-Ping.Film Formation and Cycleability of LiBOB-Based Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 1967-1971
79. ZHENG Jun-Chao, LI Xin-Hai, WANG Zhi-Xing, LI Jin-Hui, WU Ling, LI Ling-Jun, GUO Hua-Jun.A Coalescence Mechanism for the Composite Cathode Material xLiFePO4·yLi3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1916-1920
80. ZHONG Mei-E, ZHOU Zhi-Hui, ZHOU Zhen-Tao.Electrochemical Performance of High-Density LiFePO4/C Composites Synthesized by Solid State-Carbothermal Reduction Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1504-1510
81. JIANG Dong-Dong, FU Yan-Bao, MA Xiao-Hua.Fabrication and Characterization of Tin Nanorod Electrodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1481-1484
82. FENG Ji-Jun, LIU Xiang-Zhe, LIU Xiao-Zhen, JIANG Jian-Zhuang, ZHAO Jing.Hydrothermal Syntheses and Properties of LiV3-xMnxO8 as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1490-1494
83. HU Guo-Rong, CAO Yan-Bing, PENG Zhong-Dong, DU Ke, JIANG Qing-Lai.Preparation of Li2FeSiO4 Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Microwave Synthesis[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 1004-1008
84. GAO Hong-Quan, LAI Yan-Qing, ZHANG Zhi-An, LIU Ye-Xiang.Electrochemical Behaviors of New Lithium Salt LiBC2O4F2 in EC+DMC Solvents[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 905-910
85. FAN Xiao-Yong, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, WEI Guo-Zhen, KE Fu-Sheng, HUANG Ling, DONG Quan-Feng, SUN Shi-Gang.Fabrication and Performance of Cu6Sn5 Alloy Anode Using Porous Cu as Current Collector[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 611-616
86. WU Feng, WANG Meng, SU Yue-Feng, CHEN Shi.Surface Modification of LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2 by TiO2-Coating[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 629-634
87. ZHANG Guo-Qiang, MA Li, WU Zhong-Jie, ZHANG Hai-Yan, NI Pei.Electrochemical Behaviour of the Composite Polymer Electrolyte P(VDF-HFP)-PMMA/CaCO3(SiO2)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 555-560
88. MA Ruo-Biao, FU Yan-Bao, MA Xiao-Hua.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Tin-Dioxide Filled Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 441-445
89. ZHUANG Quan-Tiao, WEI Guo-Zhen, DONG Quan-Feng, SUN Shi-Gang.Influence of Temperature on the Performance of a Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 406-410
90. XU Jie; YAO Wan-Hao; YAO Yi-Wen; WANG Zhou-Cheng; YANG Yong.Effect of Fluoroethylene Carbonate Additive on the Performance of Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 201-206
91. LI Yang; XIE Hua-Qing; TU Jiang-Ping.SnS with Various Morphologies and Sizes as Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 365-370
92. YANG Shun-Yi; WANG Xian-You; WEI Jian-Liang; LI Xiu-Qin; TANG An-Ping.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Na-Mn-O Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1669-1674
93. HUANG Jun-Jie; JIANG Zhi-Yu.Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Thin Film Electrode Fabricated by Ink-Jet Printing Technique[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1563-1567
94. ZHANG Hua; ZHOU Yong-Ning; WU Xiao-Jing; FU Zheng-Wen.Electrochemical Properties of CuF2 Films Fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1287-1291
95. LI Fan-Qun; LAI Yan-Qing; ZHANG Zhi-An; GAO Hong-Quan; YANG Juan.Electrochemical Behaviors of Et4NBF4+LiPF6/EC+PC+DMC Electrolyte on Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1302-1306
96. WANG Meng; WU Feng; SU Yue-Feng; CHEN Shi.Electrochemical Characteristics of Y2O3-Coated LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1175-1179
97. WANG Jian-Hua; LI Bin; WU Hai-Yan; GUO Yu-Zhong.Synthesis of Mesoporous SnO2 and Its Application in Lithium-Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(04): 681-685
98. GUO Ying-Jun; LI Qi-Qi-Ge; NING Ying-Kun; QI Lu; TANG Hong-Wu.Performance of Liquid Electrolyte for Lithium-ion Battery at Elevated-temperature[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 1-4
99. WANG Ya-Dan; WANG Jian; MU Qi-Yong; LI Yong-Wei; QI Lu.Electrochemical Performances of LiMn2O4-based Electrode with Water-soluble Binder[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 14-17
100. QI Lu; SONG Zhao-Shuang; XU Hua; MAO Yong-Zhi; WU Ning-Ning; LIU Zheng-Yao.Electrochemical Performance of LithiumIon Battery Power Syetemfor Electric Vehicles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 21-25
101. ZHANG Chun-Ling; JIANG Wei-Jun; ZHANG Jing; QI Lu.Performance of LiMn1.5Ni0.5-xCuxO4 as 5V Cathode Material for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 31-35
102. TANG Ding-Guo.Application of Polymer LithiumIon Batteries Based on IPN[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 18-20
103. HOU Xian-Quan; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu; HAN Li-Juan.Synthesis and Properties of Layered LiNi0.8Co0.2-xMgxO2 Cathode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 40-45
104. FAN Mao-Song; LEI Xiang-Li; WU Ning-Ning; QI Lu.Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Power Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 36-39
105. WANG Hai-Yan; LIU Xin-Hou; WU Da-Yong.Electrospinning and Electrospun Membranes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 67-74
106. AN Hong-Li; WU Ning-Ning; LEI Xiang-Li; XU Jin-Long; QI Lu.Electrochemical Performance of LithiumIon Battery for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 60-66
107. GUO Ying-Jun; CHEN Hui; QI Lu.Progress in Electrolyte Solutions for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 80-89
108. LEE Meng-Lung; LEE Yi-Da; CHANG Chie-Tai; GAO Tong-Han; LEE Torng-Jinn.Application and Technology of Aluminum Bag Lithium-Ion Polymer Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 100-106
109. FENG Hua-Jun; CHEN Yuan;DAI Ke-Hua; SONG Zhao-Shuang; MA Jian-Wei; QI Lu.Preparation and Characterization of a Novel Kind of Polymer Electrolyte Composite Membrane for Lithium-Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1922-1926
110. CHEN Yong-Chong; XU Xing-Jun; CUI Hong-Zhi; DAI Ke-Hua; SONG Zhao-Shuang; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu.Preferred Orientation of Crystals and the Intensity Ratios of XRD Peaks of Cathode Material LiCoO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1948-1953
111. HOU Chun-Ping; YUE Min.A Novel Cathode Material Lithium Vanadium Phosphate Synthesized by Liquid-phase Sphericizing Granulation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1954-1957
112. TANG Hong-Wei; ZHU Zhi-Hong; CHANG Zhao-Rong; CHEN Zhong-Jun.Drawing and Application of Phase Diagram Related to Eutectic Mixed Lithium Salts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(08): 1265-1268
113. WEI Ying-Jin; LI Xu; WANG Chun-Zhong; ZHAN Shi-Ying; CHEN Gang.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Cu Doped V2O5[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1090-1094
114. ZHANG Hong-Fang; FU Ping-Ping; SONG Ying-Jie; DU Chen-Shu; YANG Hua-Bin; ZHOU Zuo-Xiang; WU Meng-Tao; HUANG Lai-He.Preparation and Properties of Sandwich-type Si/Fe/Si Film Anode for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1065-1070
115. LIU Su-Qin; LI Shi-Cai; HUANG Ke-Long; CHEN Zhao-Hui.Effect of Doping Ti4+ on the Structure and Performances of Li3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 537-542
116. HUANG Ke-Long;YANG Sai;LIU Su-Qin;WANG Hai-Bo.Kinetics of Electrode Processes of LiFePO4 in Saturated Lithium Nitrate Solution[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(01): 129-133
117. QIN Hai-Ying;XIE Jian;MI Jian-Li;TU Jian;ZHAO Xin-Bing.Solvothermal Synthesis and Electrochemical Lithiation/Delithiation Performance of FeSb2 Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(12): 1555-1559
118. HUANG Ling;JIANG Hong-Hong;KE Fu-Sheng;FAN Xiao-Yong;ZHUANG Quan-Chao;YANG Fang-Zu;SUN Shi-Gang.Structure and Properties of Three-dimensional Reticular Sn-Co Alloy Electrodes as Anode Material for Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(12): 1537-1541
119. XU Yu-Hong;ZHANG Bao-Hong;GONG GUI-Ying;MA Ping .Electrochemical Properties Study of Sb2O3 doped Li4Ti5O12[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(11): 1336-1341
120. XIE Jian;ZHAO Xin-Bing;YU Hong-Ming;QI Hao;CAO Gao-Shao;TU Jiang-Ping .Preparation, Characterization and Electrochemical Li-absorption/extraction Behaviors of Nanosized Co-Sn Intermetallic Compounds[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(11): 1409-1412
121. ZHUANG Da-Gao;ZHAO Xin-Bing;XIE Jian;TU Jian;ZHU Tie-Jun;CAO Gao-Shao.One-step Solid-state Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of Nb-doped LiFePO4/C[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(07): 840-844
122. WANG Zhong;TIAN Wen-Huai;LI Xing-Guo.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Sn-Sb Alloy Prepared by Hydrogen Plasma-metal Reaction[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(06): 752-755
123. XUE Ming-Zhe; CHENG Sun-Chao; YAO Jia; FU Zheng-Wen.Electrochemical Properties of SnSe Thin Film Electrode Fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(03): 383-387
124. XU Meng-Qing; ZUO Xiao-Xi; LI Wei-Shan; ZHOU Hao-Jie; LIU Jian-Sheng; YUAN Zhong-Zhi.Effect of Butyl Sultone on the Li-ion Battery Performance and Interface of Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(03): 335-340
125. YANG Xiao; NI Jiang-feng; HUANG You-yuan; CHEN Ji-tao; ZHOU Heng-hui; ZHANG Xinxiang.Effect of Ti-Doping on Different Morphologic LiCoO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 183-188
126. ZHUANG Quan-chao; FAN Xiao-yong; XU Jin-mei; CHEN Zuo-feng; DONG Quan-feng; JIANG Yan-xia; HUANG Ling; SUN Shi-gang.Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopic Study of the First Delithiation of Spinel Lithium Manganese Oxide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 234-238
127. WANG Ying; LIU Wen-yuan; FU Zheng-wen.Electrochemistry of Mn4N with Lithium[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(01): 65-70
128. WANG Guo-guang WANG Jian-ming MAO Wen-qu LIU Li-qing ZHANG Jian-qing CAO Chu-nan.Structure and Electrochemical Performance of LiNiyCo0.1-yMn1.9O4 Cathode Materials Prepared by a Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(11): 1285-1290
129. TANG Xin-cun; HUANG Bo-yun; HE Yue-hui.Dependence of Li+ Diffusion Coefficients in LiMn2O4 on Charge/Discharge Cycles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(09): 957-960
130. TANG Zhi-yuan; LU Xing-he; ZHANG Na.The Anion-cation Multiple Doping Effect of Spinel Cathode Materials on Electrochemical Speciality[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(08): 934-938
131. HUANG You-yuan; ZHOU Heng-hui; CHEN Ji-tao; GAO De-shu; SU Guang-yao.The Effect of Ti4+, Mg2+ Co-doping on Performance of LiNi0.4Co0.2Mn0.4O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(07): 725-729
132. XUE Ming-zhe; FU Zheng-wen.Electrochemical Properties of LiFePO4 Cathode Thin Film Fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(07): 707-710
133. TANG Zhi-Yuan;ZHANG Na;LU Xing-He;HUANG Qing-Hua.Characterizations of Spinel LiMn2-xZrxO4 Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(01): 89-92
134. Chang Xiao-Yan;Wang Zhi-Xing;Li Xin-Hai;Kuang Qiong;Peng Wen-Jie;Guo Hua-Jun;Zhang Yun-He.Synthesis and Performance of LiMnPO4 Used as Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(10): 1249-1252
135. Wang Zhi-Xing;Xing Zhi-Jun;Li Xin-Hai;Guo Hua-Jun;Peng Wen-Jie.Study on Al2O3-modified LiMn2O4 Prepared by Heterogeneous Nucleation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(08): 790-794
136. Liu En-Hui;Li Xin-Hai;Hou Zhao-Hui;He Ze-Qiang;Deng Ling-Feng.Chemical Diffusion Behaviors of Lithium-ion in the LiV3O8 Prepared by Wet Method Reaction[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(04): 377-381
137. Wang Zhan-Liang;Tang Zhi-Yuan.Research on the Interfacial Properties of Polymer Electrolyte by A.C.Impedance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(12): 1097-1101
138. Li Jian-Gang;Wan Chun-Rong;Yang Dong-Ping;Yang Zhang-Ping.Effect of Cell Temperature on the Electrochemical Reaction of LiNi3/8Co2/8Mn3/8O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(11): 1030-1034
139. Chen Ji-Tao;Zhou Heng-Hui;Chang Wen-Bao;Ci Yun-Xiang.Effect of Particle Size on Lithium Intercalation Performance of Graphite Anode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(03): 278-282
140. Tang Xin-Cun;He Li-Ping;Chen Zong-Zhang;Xia Xi.Determination of the Li+ Diffusion Coefficient in Graphite By the Method of the Ratio of Potentio-charge Capacity to Galvano-charge Capacity[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(08): 705-709
141. Wang Zhan-Liang;Tang Zhi-Yuan;Geng Xin;Xue Jian-Jun.Research on Novel PMMAbased Gel Electrolyte for Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(03): 272-275
142. Zhao Ming-Shu;Zhai Yu-Chun;Tian Yan-Wen.Study on Kinetics of Synthesizing Spinel LiMn2O4 for Lithium-ion Battery Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(02): 188-192
143. Chen Ji-Tao;Zhou Heng-Hui;Chang Wen-Bao;Ci Yun-Xiang.pyrolytic Carbon Coated Graphite Anode for Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(02): 180-182
144. Tang Zhi-Yuan;Xue Jian-Jun;Li Jian-Gang;Wang Zhan-Liang.Discharge Process of Insertion Electrodes Controlled by Lithium Ion Diffusion in Solid Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(06): 526-530
145. Tang Zhi-Yuan;Xue Jian-Jun;Liu Chun-Yan;Zhuang Xin-Guo.Determination of the Lithium Ion Diffusion Coefficient in Graphite Anode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(05): 385-388
146. Li Ming, Yang Hua-Quan.Lithiation Behavior of α-Fe2O3 in LiOH Electrolyte Solution[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(08): 735-740
147. Zhou Heng-Hui, Chen Ji-Tao, Ci Yun-Xiang, Liu Chang-Yan.A Simple Method to Evaluate Lithium Insertion Capacity of PPP-based Carbon[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(05): 477-480
148. TANY Yan-Ping, YUAN Sha, GUO Yu-Zhong, HUANG Rui-An, WANG Jian-Hua, YANGBin, DAI Yong-Nian.Magnesiothermic Reduction Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Highly Ordered Mesoporous Si/C Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
149. HUANG Wei, WU Chun-Yang, ZENG Yue-Wu, JIN Chuan-Hong, ZHANG Ze.Surface Analysis of Lithium-Rich Cathode Material Li1.2Mn0.54Co0.13Ni0.13NaxO2 by Advanced Electron Microscopy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
150. WANG Jing-Lun, YAN Xiao-Dan, YONG Tian-Qiao, ZHANG Ling-Zhi.Nitrile Modified 2,5-Di-tert-butyl-Hydroquinone as Redox Shuttle Overcharge Additive for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
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