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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2013,Vol.29>> Issue(12)>> 2498-2504     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201310212         中文摘要
THERMODYNAMICS, KINETICS, AND STRUCTURAL CHEMISTRY
Preparation and Characterization of Superthermite Al/Fe2O3 and Its Effect on Thermal Decomposition of Cyclotrimethylene Trinitramine
ZHAO Ning-Ning1, HE Cui-Cui1, LIU Jian-Bing1, MA Hai-Xia1, AN Ting2, ZHAO Feng-Qi2, HU Rong-Zu2
1 School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, P. R. China;
2 Science and Technology on Combustion and Explosion Laboratory, Xi'an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi'an 710065, P. R. China
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Hollow Fe2O3 nanorods were prepared using a hydrothermal method, and were then combined with Al nanoparticles to form superthermite Al/Fe2O3 by ultrasonic mixing. Fe2O3 and Al/Fe2O3 were characterized using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The effects of Al/Fe2O3, Al, and nano-Fe2O3 powders on the thermal decomposition of cyclotrimethylene trinitramine (RDX) were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results show that the superthermite Al/Fe2O3 affects the thermal decomposition of RDX and greatly enhances its secondary gas-phase reaction. The shapes of the main RDX decomposition peaks changed with increasing superthermite content. The main influences of superthermite Al/Fe2O3, Al nanopowders, and Fe2O3 nanorods on the thermal decomposition of RDX are that the secondary decomposition peaks become distinct and the peak temperature decreases.



Keywords: Nano-Fe2O3   Superthermite Al/Fe2O3   Cyclotrimethylene trinitramine   Hydrothermal method   Ultrasonically dispersed method   Thermal decomposition  
Received: 2013-06-12 Accepted: 2013-10-18 Publication Date (Web): 2013-10-21
Corresponding Authors: MA Hai-Xia Email: mahx@nwu.edu.cn

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21073141, 21373161), Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University of Ministry of Education of China (12-1047), Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (20126101110009), Science and Technology Foundation of Science and Technology on Combustion and Explosion Laboratory, China (9140C3501041001).

Cite this article: ZHAO Ning-Ning, HE Cui-Cui, LIU Jian-Bing, MA Hai-Xia, AN Ting, ZHAO Feng-Qi, HU Rong-Zu. Preparation and Characterization of Superthermite Al/Fe2O3 and Its Effect on Thermal Decomposition of Cyclotrimethylene Trinitramine[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29 (12): 2498-2504.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201310212

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60. XU Xin, WANG Xiao-Jing, HU Zhong-Hua, LIU Ya-Fei, WANG Chen-Chen, ZHAO Guo-Hua.Influence of Sol-Gel and Dip-Hydrothermal Preparation Methods on Structure and Performance of TiO2/AC Photocatalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 79-86
61. WANG Run-Han, JIANG Ji-Sen, HU Ming.Controlled Syntheses of FeNi3 Alloy Nanostructures via Reverse Microemulsion-Directed Hydrothermal Motheds[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 2167-2172
62. DONG Xiang, TAO Jie, LI Ying-Ying, WANG Tao, ZHU Hong.Photoelectrochemical Properties of Three-Dimensional Network TiO2 Nanowire Film Prepared by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1874-1882
63. SUN Zhi-Quan, LU Hai-Yan, REN Xiu-Bin, HUANG Wei-Min, DONG Yan-Jie, LIN Hai-Bo.Performances of Ti/SnO2-Sb2O5 Anodes Prepared by Brush Coating Thermal Decomposition Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1385-1390
64. LV Yong, LU Wen-Cong, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, SHANG Xing-Fu, NI Ji-Peng.Synthesis, Characterization and Growth Mechanism of Core/Shell AlOOH Microspheres[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1391-1396
65. ZHANG Qiang, QIAO Xiao-Jing, ZHANG Jian-Guo, ZUO Xiao-Li.Flash Pyrolysis of Trinitrophloroglucinol Metallic (Li, Na, K, Mg) Compounds[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(06): 1081-1087
66. DONG Lin-Mao, LI Xiao-Dong, YANG Rong-Jie.Thermal Decomposition of Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane and Its Residues[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 981-986
67. CHEN Qi-Feng, JIANG Dong, XU Yao, WU Dong, SUN Yu-Han.Visible Region Photocatalysis of Ce-Si/TiO2 Synthesized Using Sol-Gel-Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 617-623
68. ZHAO Rui-Hua, DONG Mei, QIN Zhang-Feng, DING Jian-Fei, GUO Xing-Cui, WANG Jian-Guo.Synthesis and Characterization of CoAPO-5 with different Cobalt Contents and Their Catalytic Performance for Cyclohexane Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2304-2308
69. ZHANG Heng, ZHAO Feng-Qi, YI Jian-Hua, ZHANG Xiao-Hong, HU Rong-Zu, XU Si-Yu, REN Xiao-Ning.Preparation, Thermal Behavior and Non-isothermal Decomposition Reaction Kinetics of Zr(3-NO2-PHT)2·2H2O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2263-2267
70. XU Peng, SONG Le-Xin.Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Survived β-Cyclodextrin from an Inclusion Complex of β-Cyclodextrin with Clove Oil[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2214-2220
71. LI Hai-Long; LUO Wu-Lin; CHEN Tao; TIAN Wen-Yu; SUN Mao; LI Chun; ZHU Di; LIU Ran-Ran; ZHAO Yu-Liang; LIU Chun-Li.Preparation and Photocatalytic Performance of Titania Nanotubes Loaded with Ag Nanoparticles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(08): 1383-1386
72. WANG Bai-Qi; XIA Chun-Hui; FU Qiang; WANG Peng-Wei; SHAN Xu-Dong; YU Da-Peng.Hydrothermal Preparation and Photoluminescence Property of Co-Doped ZnO Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1165-1168
73. DONG Lin-Mao; LI Xiao-Dong; YANG Rong-Jie.Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane by Mass Spectrometry[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(06): 997-1001
74. MA Wei; WANG Su; CUI Ji-Ping; ZHANG Sheng-Tao; FAN Bing-Cheng; HE Yu-Zhong.Thermal Decomposition Kinetic Model of Phenolic Resin[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(06): 1090-1094
75. ZHANG Jin; ZHANG Tong-Lai; YANG Li; ZHANG Jian-Guo; CUI Yan.Preparation, Crystal Structure and Thermal Decomposition Character of [Ni(CHZ)3]SO4·3H2O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(05): 760-766
76. HU Xiao-Chun; ZHANG Tong-Lai; QIAO Xiao-Jing; YANG Li; ZHANG Jian-Guo; CUI Yan; ZHANG Jin.Crystal Structure and Thermal Decomposition of 5-Aminotetrazole Trinitrophloroglucinolate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(04): 576-580
77. XU Peng; SONG Le-Xin.Analysis of Thermal Decomposition Behavior Diversity of Host in a Supermolecule——Thermal Decomposition of Survived Cyclodextrin[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(04): 729-736
78. CAO Ji-Lin; XING Dong-Qiang; LIU Xiu-Wu; TAN Zhao-Yang.Synthesis of Magnetic 4A Zeolite at Ultrasonic Condition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1893-1898
79. ZHANG Bao-Li; XING Yong-Heng; GE Mao-Fa; SUN Zheng; LI Zhang-Peng; HAN Jing; NIU Shu-Yun.Synthesis, Structure and Non-thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Scorpionates Oxovanadium Complexes with Carboxyl Acid Ligand[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(11): 1701-1706
80. LI Ai-Ling; XIONG Jin-Ping; ZUO Yu. WANG Cheng-Zhong.Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Polyurethane Adhesive[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(10): 1622-1626
81. WANG Shao-Xu; ZHAO Zhe; TAN Zhi-Cheng; LI Yan-Sheng; TONG Bo; SHI Quan; LI Ying.Thermal Stability and Kinetics of Thermal Decomposition for Protionamide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(09): 1459-1462
82. ZHANG Yu-Dong; LI Bin-Jie; XU Xiang-Min; LI De-Liang.Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of ZnSn(OH)6[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1095-1098
83. TANG Yan-Jun; LI You-Ming; SONG Jing; PAN Zhi-Dong.Structural Characterization and Thermal Decomposition Behavior of Microsized and Nanosized CaCO3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(05): 717-722
84. TANG Wan-Jun; CHEN Dong-Hua.Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Ferrous Oxalate Dihydrate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 605-608
85. YIN Li-Song;CHEN Min-Tao;LI Ting;ZHOU Ke-Sheng;GAO Song-Hua.Preparation of Rhombic MgO Nanoflakes from Dolomites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(03): 433-437
86. SONG Xu-Chun;ZHENG Yi-Fan;LIN Shen;WANG Yun.A Simple Method to Synthesize α-MnO2 and β-MnO2 Single-crystalline Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(02): 258-261
87. FANG Li-Mei;LI Zhi-Jie;LIU Chun-Ming;ZU Xiao-Tao.Synthesis of Fe3+-modified SnO2 Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1212-1216
88. GUO Jin-Yu;ZHANG Jian-Guo;ZHANG Tong-Lai;WU Rui-Feng;YU Wei.Thermal Decomposition Mechanisms of a Three-dimensional Framework Coordination Polymer [Cu(HCOO)2(H2O)2][J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1206-1211
89. WU Xin-Min;LIU Jian-Hua;LI Wei;QI Chuan-Song .Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Complexes of Rare Earths (RE = Nd, Sm) with Amino Acid RE(Val)Cl3•6H2O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(08): 942-946
90. HU Ji-Ming;HOU Yan-Yuan;WANG Xiao-Mei;ZHANG Jian-Qing;CAO Chun-Nan .Effect of Calcination Procedure on the Electrocatalytic Activities of Ti/IrO2 Electrodes in Acidic Aqueous Solution[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(08): 1010-1014
91. SUN Yuan-Hua;ZHANG Tong-Lai;ZHANG Jian-Guo;YANG Li;QIAO Xiao-Jing.Kinetics of Flash Pyrolysis of [Co(CHZ3](ClO42 and [Ni(CHZ)3](ClO4)2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(06): 649-652
92. HAO Yan-Zhong; HAN Wen-Tao.Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Titanate Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 221-225
93. SONG Xu-chun; ZHENG Yi-fan; YIN Hao-yong; CAO Guang-sheng.Synthesis and Characterization of Transition Element Substituted Titanate Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(10): 1076-1080
94. YUE Lin-hai; JIN Da-lai; LU De-yi; XU Zhu-de.The Non-isothermal Kinetic Analysis of Thermal Decomposition of Mg(OH)2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(07): 752-757
95. QIAN Xin-Ming;LIU Li;FENG Chang-Gen.Calculating Apparent Activation Energy of Adiabatic Decomposition Process Using Pressure Data[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(02): 134-138
96. LIU Chang-Jian;ZHANG Yi.Thermal Decomposition of NaNH4CrO4•2H2O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(02): 218-220
97. Cai Wei-Quan;Li Hui-Quan;Zhang Yi.Hydrothrmal Crystal Growth of Very Light Boehmite products[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(07): 717-721
98. Yu Xue-Chun;Peng Hai-Lin;Zhang Ran;Zhang Ying-Ying;Liu Zhong-Fan.Influence of Decomposition Temperature on the Threshold Voltage for a Series of Charge Transfer Complexes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(06): 565-568
99. Guo Min;Diao Peng;Ren Yan-Jie;Wang Bin;Cai Sheng-Min.Preparation and Characterization of Highly Oriented ZnO Single Crystal Submicrorod Arrays[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(05): 478-480
100. Cheng Hu-Min;Ma Yu-Rong;Liao Fu-Hui;Ma Ji-Ming;Qi Li-Min.Synthesis of Mesoporous Zirconia with Hydrothermal Homogeneous Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 326-328
101. He Shui-Yang;Cao Wen-Kai;Hu Ting;Zhao Jian-She;Zhang Wei-Ping;Xue Gang-Lin;Hu Rong-Zu.Synthesis, Characterization and Thermochemical Properties of La(III) with Salicylaldehyde-1H- benzotriazol-1-aceylhydrazone[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(10): 865-870
102. Zhai Shang-Ru;Pu Min;Gong Yan-Jun;Zhang Ye;Wu Dong;Sun Yu-Han.The Synthesis of Mesoporous Molecular Sieve MCM-48 Using Two Surfactants as Co-template[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(10): 911-915
103. Liu Bei-Ping;Tan Zhi-Cheng;Nan Zhao-Dong;Liu Ping;Sun Li-Xian;Xu Fen.Calorimetric Study and Thermal Analysis of [Ho2(Ala)4(H2O)8]Cl6 and >;[ErY(Ala)4(H2O)8](ClO4)6[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(06): 481-485
104. Gao Gai-Ling;Fang Yu;Wang Ming-Zhen;Hu Dao-Dao.Properties of Y2O3:Eu Nanocrystals Prepared by Thermodecomposition of Benzoic Acid[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(05): 399-413
105. Gao En-Qin;Zhang Li;Yang Mai-Zhi;Cai Sheng-Min.Preparation of TiO2 Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Method and its Application for Photoelectrochemical Cell[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(02): 177-180
106. Qian xin-Ming;Wang Yun;Feng Chang-Gen;Zheng Rao.Investigation of Thermal Decomposition of KClO3/CuO/S/Mg-Al/C6Cl6 System by Accelerating Rate Calorimeter[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(01): 70-73
107. Zhang Jian-Guo, Zhang Tong-Lai.Synthesis,Structural Characterization and Thermal Decomposition Mechanism of {[Ag(ATO)2]ClO4}n[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(12): 1110-1114
108. Liu Shi-Jun, Chen Qi-Yuan, Zhang Ping-Min.Thermal Decomposition of Monoclinic Ammonium Paratungstate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(11): 1048-1052
109. Lv Chun-Hua, Zhang Tong-Lai, Qiao Xiao-Jing, Cai Rui-Jiao, Yu Kai-Bei.Structure and Thermal Decomposition Mecharism of [Pb2(TNR)2(CHZ)2(H2O)2]4H2O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(05): 441-446
110. Jiang De-En, Zhao Bi-Ying, Xie You-Chang.Thermal Decomposition Behavior of Mg(NO3)2 on γ-Al2O3 and Basicity of MgO/γ-Al2O3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(02): 105-110
111. Chen Jie-Hao, Wang Yan, Feng Wen-Lin.Mechanism of Pyrolysis of Pyruvic Acid and Benzoylformic Acid and Calculations of Thermal Rate Constants[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1999,15(05): 431-435
112. Hong San-Guo, Peng Yi-Yuan, Zhu Shi-Lai, Wang Shen.Theoretical Study on the Thermolyses of ο-acetylcyclopentanone and ο-acetylcyclohexanone[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1999,15(02): 186-189
113. Liu Shi-Jun, Chen Qi-Yuan, Zhang Ping-Min, Liu Min-Na.Study on Thermal Decomposition of Sodium Paratungstate Na10H2W12O42·27H2O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(09): 821-825
114. Xu Wen-Yuan, Liu Gou-Sheng, Peng Yi-Yuan, Hong San-Guo.AM1 Method Study of Thermolyses of Formacyl and Benzoyl Azides[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(07): 669-672
115. Luo Jin, Su Lian-Yong, Xie Lei, Zhou Jing, Zu Yan-Bing, Lin Zhong-Hua.Studies on Photoelectrochemical Behaviors of Nanocrystalline TiO2 Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(04): 315-319
116. Tian Sheng-Jun,Cheng Qing-Tang,Xi Guo-Xi,Lou Xiang-Dong,Li Jing-Hua.Preparation of Inclusion Complex of Benzyl Acetate with β-Cyclodextrin and Studies on its Thermal Dissociation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1997,13(05): 459-465
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118. Yin Zhou-Lan.Study on the Kinetics of the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Molybdates[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1996,12(02): 181-184
119. Deng Hong-Mei,Sun Yao-Jun,Wang Li-Ping,Wu Tai-Liu,Ma Li-Dun,Fei Lun.Silicon Clusters Synthesized by the Thermal Decomposition of Silicane[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1995,11(05): 468-469
120. Hong San-Guo.Quantum Chemical Study of the Thermolysis of Chroman[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1995,11(04): 297-301
121. Pang Xian-Jie, Zhong Bang-Ke.Studies on XRD and Thermal Decomposition of Tris [Tetrammine-μ-dihydroxo-cobaltium(III)] Cobaltium(III) Sulfate Ennea-Hydrate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1995,11(03): 262-265
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123. Hong San-Guo, Wang Shen.The Theoretical Study of the Thermolysis of Acetylacetone[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1994,10(05): 424-427
124. Wang Han-Zhang; Zhang De-Cheng; Guo Song-Shan; Bao Han-Bing; Yang Li; Lu Zhen-Rong.The Kinetics on Thermal Decomposition Reaction of Palladium Complexes with Thioether p-CH3C6H4SR[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1993,9(01): 103-106
125. JIN Cheng-Wei, WANG Ye, XU Su-Ling, ZHANG Jian-Jun.Synthesis, Crystal Structures and Thermochemical Properties of Ternary Rare Earth Complexes Based on 3,4-Diethoxybenzoic Acid and 2,2'-Bipyridine[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
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