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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2014,Vol.30>> Issue(11)>> 2077-2084     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201409152         中文摘要
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY
Effect of the Hydrothermal Reaction Temperature on Three-Dimensional Reduced Graphene Oxide's Appearance, Structure and Super Capacitor Performance
WANG Jian-De1, PENG Tong-Jiang2,3, SUN Hong-Juan3, HOU Yun-Dan1
1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China;
2. Center of Forecasting and Analysis, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China;
3. Institute of Mineral Materials & Application, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China
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Three-dimensional reduction of graphene oxide with a series of different degrees of reduction was performed by the hydrothermal method in the temperature range from 120 to 220 ℃, with graphene oxide sols as the precursor and prepared by graphite oxide gels. The effect of the temperature of the hydrothermal reaction on the materials appearance, structure, and super capacitor performance was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and electrochemical measurements. The results show that the prepared three dimensional reduction of graphene oxide was porous and reticulated, and its volume and inner mesh aperture gradually decreased with increasing temperature, while its degree of reduction and order increased at the same time, and its structure gradually transformed to the graphite oxide structure. However, thematerials' specific capacitance and energy density showed the tendency of first increasing and then decreasing, with the electric double-layer capacitor mainly remaining. The three-dimensional reduction of graphene oxide materials at 180 ℃ resulted in the best super capacitor performance, with a specific capacitance of 315 F·g-1 when the current density was 0.5 A·g-1 and 212 F·g-1 when the current density was 10 A·g-1. Its energy density was 40.5 Wh·kg-1 and its specific capacitance was 86% after 5000 cycles, with all these properties indicating its good super capacitor performance.



Keywords: Graphite oxide gel   Hydrothermal method   Porous and reticulated   Supercapacitor   Specific capacitance  
Received: 2014-07-28 Accepted: 2014-09-15 Publication Date (Web): 2014-09-15
Corresponding Authors: PENG Tong-Jiang Email: tjpeng@swust.edu.cn

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41272051), Dr Fund Project of Southwest University of Science and Technology, China (11ZX7135), Postgraduate Innovation Fund Project of Southwest University of Science and Technology, China (14ycx003).

Cite this article: WANG Jian-De, PENG Tong-Jiang, SUN Hong-Juan, HOU Yun-Dan. Effect of the Hydrothermal Reaction Temperature on Three-Dimensional Reduced Graphene Oxide's Appearance, Structure and Super Capacitor Performance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30 (11): 2077-2084.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201409152

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62. SHEN Shan-Shan, LU Wen-Cong, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, HAN Ling, ZHANG Hao.Fabrication of Mesoporous NiAl2O4 Nanorods and Their Catalytic Properties for Toluene Hydrocracking[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(07): 1743-1750
63. LI Zhao, XU Ju-Liang, LI Xu-Yan, GUO Li-Fang, LI Jin, JIANG Yi-Ming.Preparation of Manganese Dioxide for Electrodes of Supercapacitors Based on Duplex Stainless Steel[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(06): 1424-1430
64. YING Hong, WANG Zhi-Yong, GUO Zheng-Duo, SHI Zu-Jin, YANG Shang-Feng.Reduced Graphene Oxide-Modified Bi2WO6 as an Improved Photocatalyst under Visible Light[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(06): 1482-1486
65. ZHOU Jin, LI Wen, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping.Capacitive Performance of Tunable Ordered Mesoporous Carbons in Organic and H2SO4 Electrolytes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(06): 1431-1438
66. KONG De-Shuai, WANG Jian-Ming, PI Ou-Yang, SHAO Hai-Bo, ZHANG Jian-Qing.Electrochemical Fabrication and Pseudocapacitive Performance of a Porous Nanostructured Nickel-Based Complex Film Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 764-768
67. MI Juan, WANG Yu-Ting, GAO Peng-Cheng, LI Wen-Cui.Effects of Thermal Treatment on the Electrochemical Behavior of Manganese Dioxide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 893-899
68. YU Li-Qiu, CHEN Shu-Li, CHANG Sha, LI Yun-Hu, GAO Yin-Yi, WANG Gui-Ling CAO Dian-Xue.Supercapacitance of NiCo2O4 Nanowire Arrays Grown on Nickel Foam[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 615-619
69. HAN Ling, NI Ji-Peng, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, SHEN Shan-Shan, ZHANG Hao, LU Wen-Cong.Controlled Synthesis of Mesoporous MnO2 Nanospindles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 743-748
70. LI Wen, ZHOU Jin, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping, Lü Yi-Min.Preparation of Microporous Carbon Using a Zeolite HY Template and Its Capacitive Performance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 620-626
71. TIAN Ying, YAN Jing-Wang, XUE Rong, YI Bao-Lian.Influence of Electrolyte Concentration and Temperature on the Capacitance of Activated Carbon[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 479-485
72. ZHANG Hai-Jun, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, YUAN Chang-Zhou, GAO Bo, SUN Kang, FU Qing-Bin, LU Xiang-Jun, JIANG Jian-Chun.Preparation of Water Soluble Chitosan-Based Porous Carbon/NiO Composites and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 455-460
73. ZHANG Lei-Yong, HE Shui-Jian, CHEN Shui-Liang, GUO Qiao-Hui, HOU Hao-Qing.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Polyaniline/Carbon Nanofiber Composite Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3181-3186
74. ZHANG Fang, YUAN Chang-Zhou, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, ZHANG Luo-Jiang, XU Ke.5-Sulfosalicylic Acid-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis and Supercapacitive Properties of Co-Ni Layered Double Hydroxides[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3175-3180
75. ZHANG Xiao-Bo, CHEN Ming-Hai, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, LI Qing-Wen.Preparation of Porous Carbon Nanofibers by Electrospinning and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3169-3174
76. WU Tao, TAO Jie, DENG Jie, TANG Yu-Xin, ZHU Hong, GAO Peng.Preparation and Characterization of One-Dimensional TiO2 Nanowire Films on a Flexible Stainless Steel Substrate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 3087-3094
77. ZHU Yan-Feng, DU Rong-Gui, LI Jing, QI Hai-Qing, LIN Chang-Jian.Photogenerated Cathodic Protection Properties of a TiO2 Nanowire FilmPrepared by a Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2349-2353
78. TIAN Ying, YAN Jing-Wang, LIU Xiao-Xue, XUE Rong, YI Bao-Lian.Electrochemical Capacitance of Composites with MnOx Loaded on the Surface of Activated Carbon Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2151-2157
79. LI Li-Min, LIU En-Hui, LI Jian, YANG Yan-Jing, SHEN Hai-Jie, HUANG Zheng-Zheng, XIANG Xiao-Xia.Polyaniline-Based Carbon for a Supercapacitor Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1521-1526
80. JI Qian-Qian, GUO Pei-Zhi, ZHAO Xiu-Song.Preparation of Chitosan-Based Porous Carbons and Their Application as Electrode Materials for Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1254-1258
81. HE Yue, DONG Mei, LI Jun-Fen, WANG Jian-Guo, FAN Wei-Bin.Synthesis and Catalytic Properties of MeAPO-5 Molecular Sieves for Selective Oxidation of Cinnamyl Alcohol[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1305-1310
82. ZHANG Ai-Ping, ZHANG Jin-Zhi.Syntheses and Activities of Visible-Light-Driven Cu/BiVO4 Composite Photocatalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1337-1342
83. YAN Dong-Xia, WANG Hua, LI Kong-Zhai, WEI Yong-Gang, ZHU Xing, CHENG Xian-Ming.Structure and Catalytic Property of Ce1-xFexO2 Mixed Oxide Catalysts for Low Temperature Soot Combustion[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(02): 331-337
84. ZANG Yang, HAO Xiao-Gang, WANG Zhong-De, ZHANG Zhong-Lin, LIU Shi-Bin.Copolymerization and Capacitive Performance of Composite Carbon Nanotubes/Polyaniline/Nickel Hexacyanoferrate Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(02): 291-298
85. XU Xin, WANG Xiao-Jing, HU Zhong-Hua, LIU Ya-Fei, WANG Chen-Chen, ZHAO Guo-Hua.Influence of Sol-Gel and Dip-Hydrothermal Preparation Methods on Structure and Performance of TiO2/AC Photocatalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 79-86
86. PANG Xu, MA Zheng-Qing, ZUO Lie.Sn Doped MnO2 Electrode Material for Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(12): 2433-2437
87. FU Qing-Bin, GAO Bo, SU Ling-Hao, YUAN Chang-Zhou, LU Xiang-Jun, ZHANG Xiao-Gang.Preparation of Polypyrrole/Benzenesulfonic Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Induced by Hydrogen Bonding and Their Electrochemical Behavior[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(11): 2199-2204
88. SUN Zhe, LIU Kai-Yu, ZHANG Hai-Feng, LI Ao-Sheng, XU Xiao-Cun.Study on Meso-C/MnO2 Asymmetric Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 1991-1997
89. WANG Run-Han, JIANG Ji-Sen, HU Ming.Controlled Syntheses of FeNi3 Alloy Nanostructures via Reverse Microemulsion-Directed Hydrothermal Motheds[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 2167-2172
90. DONG Xiang, TAO Jie, LI Ying-Ying, WANG Tao, ZHU Hong.Photoelectrochemical Properties of Three-Dimensional Network TiO2 Nanowire Film Prepared by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1874-1882
91. LV Yong, LU Wen-Cong, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, SHANG Xing-Fu, NI Ji-Peng.Synthesis, Characterization and Growth Mechanism of Core/Shell AlOOH Microspheres[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1391-1396
92. CHEN Qi-Feng, JIANG Dong, XU Yao, WU Dong, SUN Yu-Han.Visible Region Photocatalysis of Ce-Si/TiO2 Synthesized Using Sol-Gel-Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 617-623
93. JIANG Qi, ZHAO Xiao-Feng, HUANG Bin, DU Bing, ZHAO Yong.Effect of the Activated Carbon Reactivation on Its Electrochemical Capacitance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 757-761
94. DU Bing, JIANG Qi, ZHAO Xiao-Feng, LIN Sun-Zhong, MU Pei-Shan, ZHAO Yong.Preparation of PPy/CNTs Composite Based on the Electrostatic Absorption Effect[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 513-518
95. CHEN Li; ZHANG Xiao-Gang; YUAN Chang-Zhou; CHEN Sheng-Yao.Electrochemical Properties of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/Manganese Oxide Synthesized by Interfacial Polymerization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 304-308
96. WANG Tao, HE Jian-Ping, ZHANG Chuan-Xiang, ZHOU Jian-Hua, GUO Yun-Xia, CHEN Xiu, DI Zhi-Yong, SUN Dun, WANG Dao-Jun.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Ordered Mesoporous C/NiO Composites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2314-2320
97. ZHAO Rui-Hua, DONG Mei, QIN Zhang-Feng, DING Jian-Fei, GUO Xing-Cui, WANG Jian-Guo.Synthesis and Characterization of CoAPO-5 with different Cobalt Contents and Their Catalytic Performance for Cyclohexane Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2304-2308
98. JIANG Qi; ZHANG Qian; DU Bing; ZHAO Xiao-Feng; ZHAO Yong.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of CNTs-PANI Composite Material via Finite Field Polymerization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1719-1723
99. LI Hai-Long; LUO Wu-Lin; CHEN Tao; TIAN Wen-Yu; SUN Mao; LI Chun; ZHU Di; LIU Ran-Ran; ZHAO Yu-Liang; LIU Chun-Li.Preparation and Photocatalytic Performance of Titania Nanotubes Loaded with Ag Nanoparticles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(08): 1383-1386
100. LIU Ya-Fei; HU Zhong-Hua; XU Kun; ZHENG Xiang-Wei; GAO Qiang.Surface Modification and Performance of Activated Carbon Electrode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1143-1148
101. WANG Bai-Qi; XIA Chun-Hui; FU Qiang; WANG Peng-Wei; SHAN Xu-Dong; YU Da-Peng.Hydrothermal Preparation and Photoluminescence Property of Co-Doped ZnO Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1165-1168
102. ZENG Wen-Wen; HUANG Ke-Long; YANG You-Ping; LIU Su-Qin; LIU Ren-Sheng.Solvothermal Synthesis and Capacitance Performance of Co3O4 with Different Morphologies[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(02): 263-268
103. YANG Jing; LIU Ya-Fei; CHEN Xiao-Mei; HU Zhong-Hua; ZHAO Guo-Hua.Carbon Electrode Material with High Densities of Energy and Power[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(01): 13-19
104. CAO Ji-Lin; XING Dong-Qiang; LIU Xiu-Wu; TAN Zhao-Yang.Synthesis of Magnetic 4A Zeolite at Ultrasonic Condition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1893-1898
105. YANG Jian-Jun; HUANG Jun-Jie; JIANG Zhi-Yu.Supercapacitance of MnO2 Thin Film Electrodes Prepared Using Jet Printing Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(09): 1365-1369
106. WANG Jie; XU You-Long; SUN Xiao-Fei; XIAO Fang; MAO Sheng-Chun.Capacitance Properties of Porous Polypyrrole Thick Films Prepared Electrochemically by Multi-step Polymerization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(06): 877-882
107. WANG Jie;XU You-Long;CHEN Xi;DU Xian-Feng;LI Xi-Fei.Effect of Doping Ions on Electrochemical Capacitance Properties of Polypyrrole Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(03): 299-304
108. SONG Xu-Chun;ZHENG Yi-Fan;LIN Shen;WANG Yun.A Simple Method to Synthesize α-MnO2 and β-MnO2 Single-crystalline Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(02): 258-261
109. FANG Li-Mei;LI Zhi-Jie;LIU Chun-Ming;ZU Xiao-Tao.Synthesis of Fe3+-modified SnO2 Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1212-1216
110. HAO Yan-Zhong; HAN Wen-Tao.Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Titanate Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 221-225
111. SONG Xu-chun; ZHENG Yi-fan; YIN Hao-yong; CAO Guang-sheng.Synthesis and Characterization of Transition Element Substituted Titanate Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(10): 1076-1080
112. YANG Hong-Sheng; ZHOU Xiao; ZHANG Qing-Wu.Electrochemical Performances of Supercapacitor with Polyaniline Particles with Hierarchy as Active Electrode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(04): 414-418
113. Cai Wei-Quan;Li Hui-Quan;Zhang Yi.Hydrothrmal Crystal Growth of Very Light Boehmite products[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(07): 717-721
114. Chen Hong;Chen Jin-Song;Zhou Hai-Hui;Jiao Shu-Qiang;Chen Jin-Hua;Kuang Ya-Fei.The Application of Nano-fibrous Polyaniline in Electrochemical Capacitor[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(06): 593-597
115. Jiang Qi;Lu Xiao-Ying;Zhao Yong;Yu Zuo-Long.Effect of Microstructure’s Change on Electrochemical Capacitance of Carbon Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(05): 546-549
116. Liu Xian-Ming;Zhang Yi-He;Zhang Xiao-Gang;Fu Shao-Yun.The Supercapacitive Properties of Ni-Ru Oxide Composites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(04): 417-420
117. Deng Mei-Gen;Zhang Zhi-An;Hu Yong-Da;Wang Bin-Hua;Yang Bang-Chao.Effect of Activation and Surface Modification on the Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(04): 432-435
118. Zhuang Xin-Guo;Yang Yu-Sheng;Ji You-Ju;Yang Dong-Ping;Tang Zhi-Yuan.The Influence of Porous Structure of Activated Carbons Used as Supercapacitor Electrode Materials on Its Properties[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(08): 689-694
119. Wang Xiao-Feng;Wang Da-Zhi;Liang Ji.Carbon Nanotube Capacitor Materials Loaded with Different Amounts of Ruthenium Oxide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(06): 509-513
120. Guo Min;Diao Peng;Ren Yan-Jie;Wang Bin;Cai Sheng-Min.Preparation and Characterization of Highly Oriented ZnO Single Crystal Submicrorod Arrays[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(05): 478-480
121. Cheng Hu-Min;Ma Yu-Rong;Liao Fu-Hui;Ma Ji-Ming;Qi Li-Min.Synthesis of Mesoporous Zirconia with Hydrothermal Homogeneous Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 326-328
122. Zhang Bao-Hong;Zhang Na.Research on Nanophase MnO2 for Electrochemical Supercapacitor[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(03): 286-288
123. Zhai Shang-Ru;Pu Min;Gong Yan-Jun;Zhang Ye;Wu Dong;Sun Yu-Han.The Synthesis of Mesoporous Molecular Sieve MCM-48 Using Two Surfactants as Co-template[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(10): 911-915
124. Gao En-Qin;Zhang Li;Yang Mai-Zhi;Cai Sheng-Min.Preparation of TiO2 Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Method and its Application for Photoelectrochemical Cell[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(02): 177-180
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