Please wait a minute...
Acta Phys. Chim. Sin.  2014, Vol. 30 Issue (11): 2077-2084    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201409152
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY     
Effect of the Hydrothermal Reaction Temperature on Three-Dimensional Reduced Graphene Oxide's Appearance, Structure and Super Capacitor Performance
WANG Jian-De1, PENG Tong-Jiang2,3, SUN Hong-Juan3, HOU Yun-Dan1
1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China;
2. Center of Forecasting and Analysis, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China;
3. Institute of Mineral Materials & Application, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China
Download:   PDF(1241KB) Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Abstract  

Three-dimensional reduction of graphene oxide with a series of different degrees of reduction was performed by the hydrothermal method in the temperature range from 120 to 220 ℃, with graphene oxide sols as the precursor and prepared by graphite oxide gels. The effect of the temperature of the hydrothermal reaction on the materials appearance, structure, and super capacitor performance was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and electrochemical measurements. The results show that the prepared three dimensional reduction of graphene oxide was porous and reticulated, and its volume and inner mesh aperture gradually decreased with increasing temperature, while its degree of reduction and order increased at the same time, and its structure gradually transformed to the graphite oxide structure. However, thematerials' specific capacitance and energy density showed the tendency of first increasing and then decreasing, with the electric double-layer capacitor mainly remaining. The three-dimensional reduction of graphene oxide materials at 180 ℃ resulted in the best super capacitor performance, with a specific capacitance of 315 F·g-1 when the current density was 0.5 A·g-1 and 212 F·g-1 when the current density was 10 A·g-1. Its energy density was 40.5 Wh·kg-1 and its specific capacitance was 86% after 5000 cycles, with all these properties indicating its good super capacitor performance.



Key wordsGraphite oxide gel      Hydrothermal method      Porous and reticulated      Supercapacitor      Specific capacitance     
Received: 28 July 2014      Published: 15 September 2014
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41272051), Dr Fund Project of Southwest University of Science and Technology, China (11ZX7135), Postgraduate Innovation Fund Project of Southwest University of Science and Technology, China (14ycx003).

Corresponding Authors: PENG Tong-Jiang     E-mail: tjpeng@swust.edu.cn
Cite this article:

WANG Jian-De, PENG Tong-Jiang, SUN Hong-Juan, HOU Yun-Dan. Effect of the Hydrothermal Reaction Temperature on Three-Dimensional Reduced Graphene Oxide's Appearance, Structure and Super Capacitor Performance. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(11): 2077-2084.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201409152     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2014/V30/I11/2077

(1) Sarangapani, S.; Tilak, B. V.; Chen, C. P. J. Electrochem. Soc. 1996, 143 (11), 3791. doi: 10.1149/1.1837291
(2) Arbizzani, C.; Mastragostino, M.; Soavi, F. J. Power Sources 2001, 100 (1), 164.
(3) Zheng, J. P.; Jow, T. R. J. Power Sources 1996, 62 (2), 155. doi: 10.1016/S0378-7753(96)02424-X
(4) Zheng, J. P.; Jow, T. R. J. Electrochem. Soc. 1995, 142 (1), L6.
(5) Frackowiak, E. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2007, 9 (15), 1774.
(6) Zhu, Y.; Murali, S.; Stoller, M. D.; Ganesh, K. J.; Cai,W.; Ferreira, P. J.; Ruoff, R. S. Science 2011, 332 (6037), 1537. doi: 10.1126/science.1200770
(7) Liu, D.; Shen, J.; Li, Y. J.; Liu, N. P.; Liu, B. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2012, 28 (4), 843. [刘冬, 沈军, 李亚捷, 刘念平, 刘斌. 物理化学学报, 2012, 28 (4), 843.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201202172
(8) Lei, Y.; Li, J.;Wang, Y.; Gu, L.; Chang, Y.; Yuan, H.; Xiao, D. ACS Appl. Mat. Interfaces 2014, 6 (3), 1773. doi: 10.1021/am404765y
(9) Chen, L.; Li, B.; Qi, Z.; Guo, H.; Zhou, J.; Li, L. J. Electron. Mater. 2013, 42 (10), 2933.
(10) Jin, Y.; Chen, H. Y.; Chen, M. H.; Liu, N.; Li, Q.W. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2012, 28 (3), 609. [靳瑜, 陈宏源, 陈名海, 刘宁, 李清文. 物理化学学报, 2012, 28 (3), 609.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201201162
(11) Ma, J.; Liu, Y.; Hu, Z.; Xu, Z. Solid State Ionics 2013, 19 (10), 1405.
(12) Mao, L.; Zhang, K.; Chan, H. S. O.;Wu, J. J. Mater. Chem. 2012, 22 (5), 1845. doi: 10.1039/c1jm14503g
(13) Sun, X. Z.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, D. C.; Ma, Y.W. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2012, 28 (2), 367. [孙现众, 张熊, 张大成, 马衍伟. 物理化学学报, 2012, 28 (2), 367.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201112131
(14) Che, Q.; Zhang, F.; Zhang, X. G.; Lu, X. J.; Ding, B.; Zhu, J. J. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2012, 28 (4), 837. [车倩, 张方, 张校刚, 卢向军, 丁兵, 朱佳佳. 物理化学学报, 2012, 28 (4), 837.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201202074
(15) Niu, Z. Q.; Liu, L. L.; Zhang, L.; Shao, Q.; Zhou,W. Y.; Chen, X. D.; Xie, S. S. Adv. Mater. 2014, 26 (22), 3681. doi: 10.1002/adma.v26.22
(16) Novoselo, V. K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Morozo, V. S. V. Science 2004, 306, 666. doi: 10.1126/science.1102896
(17) Kane, C. L. Nature 2005, 438 (7065), 168. doi: 10.1038/438168a
(18) Stoller, M. D.; Park, S. J.; Zhu, Y.; An, J.; Ruoff, R. S. Nano Lett. 2008, 8 (10), 3498. doi: 10.1021/nl802558y
(19) Vivekchand, S. R. C.; Rout, C. S.; Subrahmanyam, K. S.; Govindaraj, A.; Rao, C. N. R. Chem. Sci. 2008, 120 (1), 9. doi: 10.1007/s12039-008-0002-7
(20) Wang, Y.; Shi, Z.; Huang, Y.; Ma, Y.;Wang, C.; Chen, M.; Chen, Y. J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113 (30), 13103. doi: 10.1021/jp902214f
(21) Ye, J.; Zhang, H. Y.; Chen, Y. M.; Cheng, Z. D.; Hu, L.; Ran, Q. Y. J. Power Sources 2012, 212, 105. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.03.101
(22) Lv,W.; Tang, D. M.; He, Y. B.; You, C. H.; Shi, Z. Q.; Chen, X. C. ACS Nano 2009, 3 (11), 3730. doi: 10.1021/nn900933u
(23) Shen, B.; Lu, D.; Zhai,W.; Zheng,W. J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 1 (1), 50.
(24) Xu, Y.; Lin, Z.; Huang, X.;Wang, Y.; Huang, Y.; Duan, X. Adv. Mater. 2013, 25 (40), 5779. doi: 10.1002/adma.v25.40
(25) Bi, H.; Yin, K.; Xie, X.; Zhou, Y.;Wan, N.; Xu, F.; Banhart, F.; Sun, L.; Ruoff, R. S. Adv. Mater. 2012, 24, 5124. doi: 10.1002/adma.201201519
(26) Xu, Y.; Shi, G. J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21 (10), 3311.
(27) Dreyer, D. R.; Park, S.; Bielawski, C.W.; Ruoff, R. S. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2010, 39 (1), 228. doi: 10.1039/b917103g
(28) Thomsen, C.; Reich, S. Phys. Rev. Lett. 2000, 85, 5214. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.5214
(29) Yang, Y. H.; Sun, H. J.; Peng, T. J.; Huang, Q. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2011, 27 (3), 736. [杨勇辉, 孙红娟, 彭同江, 黄桥. 物理化学学报, 2011, 27 (3), 736.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110320
(30) Du, Q.; Zheng, M.; Zhang, L.;Wang, Y.; Chen, J.; Xue, L.; Cao, J. Electrochim. Acta 2010, 55 (12), 3897. doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.01.089
(31) Chen, S.; Zhu, J.;Wu, X.; Han, Q.;Wang, X. ACS Nano 2010, 4 (5), 2822. doi: 10.1021/nn901311t
(32) Mao, Lu.; Zhang, K.; Chan, H. S. O.;Wu, J. S. J. Mater. Chem. 2012, 22, 1845. doi: 10.1039/c1jm14503g
(33) Simon, P.; Gogotsi, Y. Nat. Mater. 2008, 7 (11), 845.
(34) Wu, X. L.;Wang,W.; Guo, Y. G.;Wan, L. J.; Nanosci, J. Nano Technol. 2011, 11 (3), 1897.
(35) Polat, E. O.; Kocabas, C. Nano Lett. 2013, 13 (12), 5851. doi: 10.1021/nl402616t

[1] LIU Changjiang, MA Hongwen, ZHANG Pan. Thermodynamics of the Hydrothermal Decomposition Reaction of Potassic Syenite with Zeolite Formation[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2018, 34(2): 168-176.
[2] WANG Hai-Yan, SHI Gao-Quan. Layered Double Hydroxide/Graphene Composites and Their Applications for Energy Storage and Conversion[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2018, 34(1): 22-35.
[3] DU Wei-Shi, Lü Yao-Kang, CAI Zhi-Wei, ZHANG Cheng. Flexible All-Solid-State Supercapacitor Based on Three-Dimensional Porous Graphene/Titanium-Containing Copolymer Composite Film[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(9): 1828-1837.
[4] WU Zhong, ZHANG Xin-Bo. Design and Preparation of Electrode Materials for Supercapacitors with High Specific Capacitance[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(2): 305-313.
[5] LIAO Chun-Rong, XIONG Feng, LI Xian-Jun, WU Yi-Qiang, LUO Yong-Feng. Progress in Conductive Polymers in Fibrous Energy Devices[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(2): 329-343.
[6] JIA Zhao-Yang, LIU Mei-Nan, ZHAO Xin-Luo, WANG Xian-Shu, PAN Zheng-Hui, ZHANG Yue-Gang. Lithium Ion Hybrid Supercapacitor Based on Three-Dimensional Flower-Like Nb2O5 and Activated Carbon Electrode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(12): 2510-2516.
[7] LI Dao-Yan, ZHANG Ji-Chen, WANG Zhi-Yong, JIN Xian-Bo. Preparation of Activated Carbon from Honeycomb-Like Porous Gelatin for High-Performance Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(11): 2245-2252.
[8] YU Cui-Ping, WANG Yan, CUI Jie-Wu, LIU Jia-Qin, WU Yu-Cheng. Recent Advances in the Multi-Modification of TiO2 Nanotube Arrays and Their Application in Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(10): 1944-1959.
[9] ZENG Xiang-Dong, ZHAO Xiao-Yu, WEI Hui-Ge, WANG Yan-Fei, TANG Na, SHA Zuo-Liang. Specific Capacitance and Supercapacitive Properties of Polyaniline-Reduced Graphene Oxide Composite[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(10): 2035-2041.
[10] LI Xue-Qin, CHANG Lin, ZHAO Shen-Long, HAO Chang-Long, LU Chen-Guang, ZHU Yi-Hua, TANG Zhi-Yong. Research on Carbon-Based Electrode Materials for Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(1): 130-148.
[11] ZHOU Xiao, SUN Min-Qiang, WANG Geng-Chao. Synthesis and Supercapacitance Performance of Graphene-Supported π-Conjugated Polymer Nanocomposite Electrode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2016, 32(4): 975-982.
[12] WANG Yong-Fang, ZUO Song-Lin. Electrochemical Properties of Phosphorus-Containing Activated Carbon Electrodes on Electrical Double-Layer Capacitors[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2016, 32(2): 481-492.
[13] LIN You-Cheng, ZHONG Xin-Xian, HUANG Han-Xing, WANG Hong-Qiang, FENG Qi-Peng, LI Qing-Yu. Preparation and Application of Polyaniline Doped with Different Sulfonic Acids for Supercapacitor[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2016, 32(2): 474-480.
[14] LI Ya-Jie, NI Xing-Yuan, SHEN Jun, LIU Dong, LIU Nian-Ping, ZHOU Xiao-Wei . Preparation and Performance of Polypyrrole/Nitric Acid Activated Carbon Aerogel Nanocomposite Materials for Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2016, 32(2): 493-502.
[15] ZHUANG Jian-Dong, TIAN Qin-Fen, LIU Ping. Bi2Sn2O7 Visible-Light Photocatalysts: Different Hydrothermal Preparation Methods and Their Photocatalytic Performance for As(Ⅲ) Removal[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2016, 32(2): 551-557.