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Acta Phys. Chim. Sin.  2014, Vol. 30 Issue (12): 2177-2196    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201409303
REVIEW     
Review of Systems for Photocatalytic Conversion of CO2 to Hydrocarbon Fuels
LAN Ben-Yue, SHI Hai-Feng
School of Science, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
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Abstract  

Increasing global warming and energy shortage caused by traditional fossil energy combustion to carbon dioxide (CO2) has become a significant global issue in view of humans' continuing development. The photocatalytic reduction of CO2 produced from hydrocarbon fuels using solar light and semiconductor photocatalytic materials could not only decrease the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and thus reduce the greenhouse warming effect, but also provide hydrocarbon fuels to partially alleviate the energy shortage crisis. Hence, the photocatalysis technique has attracted considerable attention in industry and academic areas. In this paper, the fundamental principles of heterogeneous photocatalysis and the recent progress in the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to hydrocarbon fuels are introduced and reviewed. Based on previous reports in the field of photocatalysis research, the main types of semiconductors capable of photocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide can be summarized as follows: pure TiO2 photocatalysts, ABO3 perovskite-structured photocatalysts, spinel-structured photocatalysts, doped oxide photocatalysts, composite semiconductor photocatalysts, V-, W-, Ge-, Ga-based photocatalysts, and graphene-based photocatalysts. In addition, the characteristics of various photocatalytic materials and some factors affecting photocatalytic activities are reviewed and analyzed. Finally, the prospects and challenges for developing new photocatalysts for CO2 reduction are presented.



Key wordsPhotocatalyst      Semiconductor      Carbon dioxide      Reduction      TiO2     
Received: 03 August 2014      Published: 30 September 2014
MSC2000:  O643  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21203077, 11047118).

Corresponding Authors: SHI Hai-Feng     E-mail: shihaifengnju@hotmail.com
Cite this article:

LAN Ben-Yue, SHI Hai-Feng. Review of Systems for Photocatalytic Conversion of CO2 to Hydrocarbon Fuels. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(12): 2177-2196.

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http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201409303     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2014/V30/I12/2177

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