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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2015, Vol. 31 Issue (1): 99-104    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201411053
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY     
Fabrication of Nickel-Based Composite Film Electrode for Supercapacitors by a New Method of Anodization/GCD
YI Chao, XIONG Xin-Bo, ZOU Zhi-Biao, LI Jun-Jie, HUANG Tuo, LI Bin, MA Jun, ZENG Xie-Rong
Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Special Functional Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong Province, P. R. China
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Abstract  

Anickel-based composite filmwas fabricated on Ni foil, by two-electrode anodization and galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) treatment. The surface morphology, states of chemical species, and crystal structure of the filmwere characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The electrochemical performance was tested using an electrochemical workstation and battery program-control test system. The test results indicated that the filmpossessed a nanoflower-like morphology, and consisted of NiO, α-Ni(OH)2 and β-Ni(OH)2. The NiO-α-Ni(OH)2-β-Ni(OH)2 compounds exhibiting a high specific capacitance, superior rate capability, and good cyclability (1509 F·g-1 at 6.7A·g-1, 1120 F·g-1 at 66.7 A·g-1, after 2000 cycles, the capacitance of the filmremained unchanged).



Key wordsSupercapacitor      Anodization      Galvanostatic charge-discharge      Nickel      Film     
Received: 29 September 2014      Published: 05 November 2014
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the Students' Innovation Training Program, China (0000232321), Teaching ReformProjectof Shenzhen University (JG2012084), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (51172147, 50702034).

Corresponding Authors: XIONG Xin-Bo     E-mail: xxbszdx@szu.edu.cn
Cite this article:

YI Chao, XIONG Xin-Bo, ZOU Zhi-Biao, LI Jun-Jie, HUANG Tuo, LI Bin, MA Jun, ZENG Xie-Rong. Fabrication of Nickel-Based Composite Film Electrode for Supercapacitors by a New Method of Anodization/GCD. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015, 31(1): 99-104.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201411053     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2015/V31/I1/99

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