ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2015,Vol.31>> Issue(1)>> 90-98     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201411202         中文摘要
Preparation and Supercapacitive Performance of Three-Dimensional Reduced Graphene Oxide/Polyaniline Composite
WANG Jian-De1, PENG Tong-Jiang2,3, XIAN Hai-Yang3, SUN Hong-Juan3
1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621000, Sichuan Province, P. R. China;
2. Center of Forecasting and Analysis, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China;
3. Institute of Mineral Materials & Application, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621000, Sichuan Province, P. R. China
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Three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide (RGO)/polyaniline (PANI) composite has been prepared in a single step by the ultrasonic irradiation of a suspension of graphite oxide gels and PANI nanowire using a hydrothermal method. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), and electrochemical measurements were performed to investigate the morphology, structure, and supercapacitive performance of the composite. The result showed that the composite maintained the basic morphology of RGO, and that the PANI was inlayed inside the RGO network. An outstanding supercapacitive performance was obtained when the mass ratio of graphite oxide and PANI was 1:1. Furthermore, the capacities reached 758 and 400 F·g-1 at 0.5 and 30A·g-1, respectively. The retention rate was found to be 86% after 1000 cycles at 1 A·g-1. These results therefore indicate that this new composite possesses good rate capability and cycle stability, and that its supercapacitive performance is better than that of pure RGO or PANI. The excellent supercapacitive performance of this composite can be attributed to the mutual synergy of RGO and PANI.

Keywords: Graphite oxide gel   Polyaniline   Hydrothermal method   Three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide/polyaniline   Supercapacitive performance  
Received: 2014-10-20 Accepted: 2014-11-19 Publication Date (Web): 2014-11-20
Corresponding Authors: PENG Tong-Jiang Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41272051), Doctor Fund Project by Southwest University of Science and Technology, China (11ZX7135), Postgraduate Innovation Fund Project by Southwest University of Science and Technology, China (14ycx003), and Miaozi Subtopic Project for the Construction of Mianyang Sci-Tech City University Students' Innovative Undertaking Club Demonstration Site, China (2014RZ0038-15).

Cite this article: WANG Jian-De, PENG Tong-Jiang, XIAN Hai-Yang, SUN Hong-Juan. Preparation and Supercapacitive Performance of Three-Dimensional Reduced Graphene Oxide/Polyaniline Composite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31 (1): 90-98.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201411202

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56. WANG Run-Han, JIANG Ji-Sen, HU Ming.Controlled Syntheses of FeNi3 Alloy Nanostructures via Reverse Microemulsion-Directed Hydrothermal Motheds[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 2167-2172
57. DONG Xiang, TAO Jie, LI Ying-Ying, WANG Tao, ZHU Hong.Photoelectrochemical Properties of Three-Dimensional Network TiO2 Nanowire Film Prepared by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1874-1882
58. LV Yong, LU Wen-Cong, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, SHANG Xing-Fu, NI Ji-Peng.Synthesis, Characterization and Growth Mechanism of Core/Shell AlOOH Microspheres[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1391-1396
59. CHEN Qi-Feng, JIANG Dong, XU Yao, WU Dong, SUN Yu-Han.Visible Region Photocatalysis of Ce-Si/TiO2 Synthesized Using Sol-Gel-Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 617-623
60. ZHAO Rui-Hua, DONG Mei, QIN Zhang-Feng, DING Jian-Fei, GUO Xing-Cui, WANG Jian-Guo.Synthesis and Characterization of CoAPO-5 with different Cobalt Contents and Their Catalytic Performance for Cyclohexane Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2304-2308
61. SU Bi-Tao; ZUO Xian-Wei; HU Chang-Lin; LEI Zi-Qiang.Synthesis and Electromagnetic Properties of Polyaniline/CoFe2O4 Nanocomposite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(10): 1932-1936
62. LI Hai-Long; LUO Wu-Lin; CHEN Tao; TIAN Wen-Yu; SUN Mao; LI Chun; ZHU Di; LIU Ran-Ran; ZHAO Yu-Liang; LIU Chun-Li.Preparation and Photocatalytic Performance of Titania Nanotubes Loaded with Ag Nanoparticles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(08): 1383-1386
63. WANG Bai-Qi; XIA Chun-Hui; FU Qiang; WANG Peng-Wei; SHAN Xu-Dong; YU Da-Peng.Hydrothermal Preparation and Photoluminescence Property of Co-Doped ZnO Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1165-1168
64. CAO Ji-Lin; XING Dong-Qiang; LIU Xiu-Wu; TAN Zhao-Yang.Synthesis of Magnetic 4A Zeolite at Ultrasonic Condition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1893-1898
65. LU Xin-Mei; WU Quan-Fu; MI Hong-Yu; ZHANG Xiao-Gang.Electrochemical Capacitance of Camphorsulfonic Acid Doped Polyaniline Microtubes Prepared at Low Temperature[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(06): 820-824
66. GUO Xiao-Li; GUO Min; WANG Xin-Dong.Bienzymatic Glucose Biosensor Based on Graphite Electrode Modified with Nanofibrous Polyaniline[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 585-589
67. FENG Zhen-Zhen;NULI Yan-Na;YANG Jun.Conductive Sulfur-Containing Material/Polyaniline Composite for Cathode Material of Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(03): 327-331
68. SONG Xu-Chun;ZHENG Yi-Fan;LIN Shen;WANG Yun.A Simple Method to Synthesize α-MnO2 and β-MnO2 Single-crystalline Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(02): 258-261
69. YANG Zhao-Hui;ZHANG Mao-Feng;CAO Wei-Xiao.Self-assembly Films of Poly(4-diazosulfonate Styrene-co-4-vinylpyridine) with Polyaniline and Their Photoelectric Conversion Properties[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(01): 1-5
70. FANG Li-Mei;LI Zhi-Jie;LIU Chun-Ming;ZU Xiao-Tao.Synthesis of Fe3+-modified SnO2 Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1212-1216
71. HAO Yan-Zhong; HAN Wen-Tao.Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Titanate Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 221-225
72. WEN Jing-bang; ZHOU Hai-hui; LI Song-lin; LUO Sheng-lian; CHEN Jin-hua; KUANG Ya-fei.Growth Process of Nano-fibrous Polyaniline Film on Stainless Steel[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(01): 106-109
73. SONG Xu-chun; ZHENG Yi-fan; YIN Hao-yong; CAO Guang-sheng.Synthesis and Characterization of Transition Element Substituted Titanate Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(10): 1076-1080
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78. Cai Wei-Quan;Li Hui-Quan;Zhang Yi.Hydrothrmal Crystal Growth of Very Light Boehmite products[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(07): 717-721
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81. Zhou Hai-Hui;Jiao Shu-Qiang;Chen Jin-Hua;Wei Wan-Zhi;Kuang Ya-Fei.Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Methanol on Nano-fibular Polyaniline Electrode Modified with Pt Microparticles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(01): 9-14
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83. Liu Chen;Chen Feng-En;Zhang Jia-Xin;Shi Gao-Quan.Raman Spectroscopic Studies on Electrosynthesized Polyaniline Film[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(09): 810-814
84. Feng Wei;Yi Wen-Hui;Wang Xiao-Gong;Wu Hong-Cai.Electrical and Optical Properties of PANI-C60 Composite Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(09): 795-799
85. Zhao Kai-Yuan;Wang Yu-Qing.Surface Complex Adsorption Wave of Cadmium Ion at Ultra-micro Disc-electrode Modified by Polyaniline[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(08): 727-732
86. Wei Jian-Hong;Shi Jing;Guan Jian-Guo;Yuan Run-Zhang.Surface Modification of PAn Particles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(07): 657-660
87. Liao Chuan-Ping;Gu Ming-Yuan.Mechanism for the Reduction of Dichromate in the Polymerization of Aniline[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(07): 580-583
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89. Guo Min;Diao Peng;Ren Yan-Jie;Wang Bin;Cai Sheng-Min.Preparation and Characterization of Highly Oriented ZnO Single Crystal Submicrorod Arrays[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(05): 478-480
90. Cheng Hu-Min;Ma Yu-Rong;Liao Fu-Hui;Ma Ji-Ming;Qi Li-Min.Synthesis of Mesoporous Zirconia with Hydrothermal Homogeneous Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 326-328
91. Zhai Shang-Ru;Pu Min;Gong Yan-Jun;Zhang Ye;Wu Dong;Sun Yu-Han.The Synthesis of Mesoporous Molecular Sieve MCM-48 Using Two Surfactants as Co-template[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(10): 911-915
92. Chen Di-Zhao;Liang Yi-Zeng;Xu Cheng-Jian.Rank Analysis on Two-dimensional Kinetic Data and Its Related Application[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(10): 924-929
93. Wei Jian-Hong;Guan Jian-Guo;Chen Wen-Yi;Yuan Run-Zhang.Preparation and Characteristics of Polyaniline - Barium Titanate Nanocomposite Particles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(07): 653-656
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96. Gao En-Qin;Zhang Li;Yang Mai-Zhi;Cai Sheng-Min.Preparation of TiO2 Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Method and its Application for Photoelectrochemical Cell[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(02): 177-180
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