ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2015,Vol.31>> Issue(2)>> 268-276     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201411261         中文摘要
Synthesis of Uniform Nickel Oxide Nanoparticles Embedded in Porous Hard Carbon Spheres and Their Application in High Performance Li-Ion Battery Anode Materials
ZHANG Yuan-Hang1, WANG Zhi-Yuan1, SHI Chun-Sheng1, LIU En-Zuo1, HE Chun-Nian1, ZHAO Nai-Qin1,2
1. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Composites and Functional Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, P. R. China;
2. Synergetic Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tianjin 300072, P. R. China
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Uniform nickel oxide nanoparticles (~10 nm) embedded in porous hard carbon (HC) spheres (90- 130 nm) for high performance lithium ion battery anode materials were synthesized via a hydrothermal method followed by impregnation and calcination. The HC spheres, which had abundant micropores and plentiful surface functional groups, allowed firm embedding and uniform dispersion of the NiO nanoparticles. The as-prepared HC/NiO composite anode exhibited excellent electrochemical performance, including high reversible capacity (764 mAh·g-1), good cycling stability (a high specific capacity of 777 mAh·g-1 after the 100th cycle at a current density of 100 mA·g-1, a capacity retention rate of 101%), and high rate capability (380 mAh·g-1 even at 800 mA·g-1). These excellent electrochemical properties were attributed to the unique structure of NiO nanoparticles tightly embedded in a hard carbon matrix. Anode materials with such a structure have the advantages of improved electronic conductivity, more accessible active sites for lithium ion insertion, and short diffusion paths for lithium ions and electrons. The observed“synergistic effects”between the hard carbon and NiO represent an advance in the electrochemical performance of such composites. The present method is an attractive route for preparing other hard carbon/metal oxide composite anodes for lithium ion batteries.

Keywords: Micropore   Hydrothermal method   Impregnation   Surface functional group   Cycling performance   Rate capability  
Received: 2014-09-03 Accepted: 2014-11-26 Publication Date (Web): 2014-11-26
Corresponding Authors: SHI Chun-Sheng Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the China-EU Science and Technology Cooperation Project (1206) and Key Technologies R & D Program of Tianjin, China (12ZCZDGX00800).

Cite this article: ZHANG Yuan-Hang, WANG Zhi-Yuan, SHI Chun-Sheng, LIU En-Zuo, HE Chun-Nian, ZHAO Nai-Qin. Synthesis of Uniform Nickel Oxide Nanoparticles Embedded in Porous Hard Carbon Spheres and Their Application in High Performance Li-Ion Battery Anode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31 (2): 268-276.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201411261

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62. HAN Ling, NI Ji-Peng, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, SHEN Shan-Shan, ZHANG Hao, LU Wen-Cong.Controlled Synthesis of Mesoporous MnO2 Nanospindles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 743-748
63. LI Wen, ZHOU Jin, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping, Lü Yi-Min.Preparation of Microporous Carbon Using a Zeolite HY Template and Its Capacitive Performance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 620-626
64. MA Yan-Hui, ZHAO Hui-Ling, TANG Sheng-Jie, HU Jun, LIU Hong-Lai.Synthesis of Micro/Mesoporous Composites and Their Application as CO2 Adsorbents[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 689-696
65. ZHANG Fang, YUAN Chang-Zhou, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, ZHANG Luo-Jiang, XU Ke.5-Sulfosalicylic Acid-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis and Supercapacitive Properties of Co-Ni Layered Double Hydroxides[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3175-3180
66. HE Yong, TANG Zi-Long, ZHANG Zhong-Tai.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of H2Ti2O5·H2O/Cr2O3 Nanotubes as AnodeMaterials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 2962-2966
67. WU Tao, TAO Jie, DENG Jie, TANG Yu-Xin, ZHU Hong, GAO Peng.Preparation and Characterization of One-Dimensional TiO2 Nanowire Films on a Flexible Stainless Steel Substrate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 3087-3094
68. ZHU Yan-Feng, DU Rong-Gui, LI Jing, QI Hai-Qing, LIN Chang-Jian.Photogenerated Cathodic Protection Properties of a TiO2 Nanowire FilmPrepared by a Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2349-2353
69. XU Qun-Jie, ZHOU Xiao-Jin, LI Qiao-Xia, LI Jin-Guang.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Ternary Catalyst PtRuCo/C for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2135-2138
70. LIU Yi-Wu, YU Huan, ZHANG Xiao-Ming, SUO Ji-Shuan.Direct Gas-Phase Epoxidation of Propylene over Au/Ti-MCM-41(H) Catalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1585-1592
71. QU Xiao-Hua, LIU Jie, WANG Zhao-Xiang, CAO Dian-Liang, FANG Xiang-Peng, ZHANG Ling, DUAN Jing-Lai, YAO Hui-Jun, CHEN Yan-Feng, SUN You-Mei, HOU Ming-Dong.Preparation of Microporous Membranes by Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation and Impedance Characterization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1722-1726
72. HE Yue, DONG Mei, LI Jun-Fen, WANG Jian-Guo, FAN Wei-Bin.Synthesis and Catalytic Properties of MeAPO-5 Molecular Sieves for Selective Oxidation of Cinnamyl Alcohol[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1305-1310
73. ZHANG Ai-Ping, ZHANG Jin-Zhi.Syntheses and Activities of Visible-Light-Driven Cu/BiVO4 Composite Photocatalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1337-1342
74. XIONG Li-Zhi, HE Ze-Qiang.A New Rheological Phase Route to Synthesize Nano-LiVOPO4 Cathode Material for LithiumIon Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 573-577
75. LEI Ze, ZHU Qing-Shan, HAN Min-Fang.Fabrication and Performance of Direct Methane SOFC with a Cu-CeO2-Based Anode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 583-588
76. YAN Dong-Xia, WANG Hua, LI Kong-Zhai, WEI Yong-Gang, ZHU Xing, CHENG Xian-Ming.Structure and Catalytic Property of Ce1-xFexO2 Mixed Oxide Catalysts for Low Temperature Soot Combustion[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(02): 331-337
77. HUO Quan, DOU Tao, GONG Yan-Jun, ZHAO Zhen, DENG Feng, YU Zhi-Wu, PAN Hui-Fang.Synthesis and Desulfurization Performance of Nanocrystal-Assembled Zeolite L with a Hierarchical Pore Structure[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(02): 378-384
78. XU Xin, WANG Xiao-Jing, HU Zhong-Hua, LIU Ya-Fei, WANG Chen-Chen, ZHAO Guo-Hua.Influence of Sol-Gel and Dip-Hydrothermal Preparation Methods on Structure and Performance of TiO2/AC Photocatalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 79-86
79. WANG Run-Han, JIANG Ji-Sen, HU Ming.Controlled Syntheses of FeNi3 Alloy Nanostructures via Reverse Microemulsion-Directed Hydrothermal Motheds[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 2167-2172
80. DONG Xiang, TAO Jie, LI Ying-Ying, WANG Tao, ZHU Hong.Photoelectrochemical Properties of Three-Dimensional Network TiO2 Nanowire Film Prepared by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1874-1882
81. HUANG Zhi-Hai, DONG Yin-Sheng, LIN Ping-Hua.Depositing an Apatite Coating in/on Massive Chitosan Porous Scaffolds by an Alternate Soaking Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1285-1289
82. LV Yong, LU Wen-Cong, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, SHANG Xing-Fu, NI Ji-Peng.Synthesis, Characterization and Growth Mechanism of Core/Shell AlOOH Microspheres[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1391-1396
83. WU Feng, WANG Meng, SU Yue-Feng, CHEN Shi.Surface Modification of LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2 by TiO2-Coating[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 629-634
84. CHEN Qi-Feng, JIANG Dong, XU Yao, WU Dong, SUN Yu-Han.Visible Region Photocatalysis of Ce-Si/TiO2 Synthesized Using Sol-Gel-Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 617-623
85. ZHAO Rui-Hua, DONG Mei, QIN Zhang-Feng, DING Jian-Fei, GUO Xing-Cui, WANG Jian-Guo.Synthesis and Characterization of CoAPO-5 with different Cobalt Contents and Their Catalytic Performance for Cyclohexane Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2304-2308
86. LI Hai-Long; LUO Wu-Lin; CHEN Tao; TIAN Wen-Yu; SUN Mao; LI Chun; ZHU Di; LIU Ran-Ran; ZHAO Yu-Liang; LIU Chun-Li.Preparation and Photocatalytic Performance of Titania Nanotubes Loaded with Ag Nanoparticles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(08): 1383-1386
87. ZHANG Hui; ZHU Li-Qun; LI Wei-Ping; LIU Hui-Cong.Sonochemical Fabrication and Electrochemical Performance of Electrode Materials Containing Rare Earth Yttrium[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(08): 1425-1431
88. WANG Bai-Qi; XIA Chun-Hui; FU Qiang; WANG Peng-Wei; SHAN Xu-Dong; YU Da-Peng.Hydrothermal Preparation and Photoluminescence Property of Co-Doped ZnO Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1165-1168
89. ZHAO Xia; OU Xiu-Qin; LIANG Guang-Chuan; WANG Li; XU Sheng-Zhao.Effect of Pyrolytic Reaction Conditions on Surface Free Energy of LiFePO4/C Composite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1326-1328
90. LI Li-Ying; WANG Jin-Gui; SUN Ping-Chuan; LIU Xiao-Hang; DING Da-Tong; CHEN Tie-Hong.Microporous Silica Hollow Nanospheres Templated by Anionic Polypeptide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(03): 359-363
91. DENG Zheng-Hua; LI Ren-Gui; WANG Lu; DENG Jia-Min; GAO Jian-Dong; MA Zhi-Gang; DU Hong-Chang; SUO Ji-Shuan.Research and Development of Separators for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 90-93
92. CAO Ji-Lin; XING Dong-Qiang; LIU Xiu-Wu; TAN Zhao-Yang.Synthesis of Magnetic 4A Zeolite at Ultrasonic Condition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1893-1898
93. ZHANG Shu-Ping; NI Jiang-Feng; ZHOU Heng-Hui; ZHANG Zhan-Jun.Controllable Synthesis of Regular LiFePO4 Particles via Solvothermal Reaction[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(06): 830-834
94. LI Cui-Ping;ZHAO Rui-Hong;GUO Fen;CHEN Jian-Feng.Preparation and Characterization of Ni Catalysts Supported on Organized Mesoporous Alumina[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(02): 157-161
95. SONG Xu-Chun;ZHENG Yi-Fan;LIN Shen;WANG Yun.A Simple Method to Synthesize α-MnO2 and β-MnO2 Single-crystalline Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(02): 258-261
96. FANG Li-Mei;LI Zhi-Jie;LIU Chun-Ming;ZU Xiao-Tao.Synthesis of Fe3+-modified SnO2 Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1212-1216
97. HAO Yan-Zhong; HAN Wen-Tao.Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Titanate Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 221-225
98. WANG Yan; JING Zhi-hong; WU Shi-hua; HUANG Wei-ping; ZHANG Shou-min; WANG Shu-rong.The Effect of Au-doping by Different Methods on Gas-sensing Properties of α-Fe2O3 Nanopowders[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(01): 114-117
99. SONG Xu-chun; ZHENG Yi-fan; YIN Hao-yong; CAO Guang-sheng.Synthesis and Characterization of Transition Element Substituted Titanate Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(10): 1076-1080
100. LIU Ying-Chun;WANG Qi;LÜ Ling-Hong;ZHANG Lian-Zhong.Structural and Diffusion Properties of Water in Hydrophobic Micropores by Molecular Simulation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(01): 63-68
101. YANG Xiao-Guang;DONG Peng;ZHOU Ya-Song;LIU Tao;ZHANG Jing;XIEYa-Ning;HU Tian-Dou.The Local Structure of Titania-Silica Composite Oxides[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(01): 33-37
102. Cai Wei-Quan;Li Hui-Quan;Zhang Yi.Hydrothrmal Crystal Growth of Very Light Boehmite products[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(07): 717-721
103. Wu ShuXin;Ma Zhi;Qin Yong-Ning;Qi Xiao-Zhou;Liang Zhen-Cheng.Photocatalytic Redox Activity of Doped Nanocrystalline TiO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(02): 138-143
104. Tang Zhi-Yuan;Feng Ji-Jun.Studies on Spinel LiMn2-xLaxO4 Cathode Material for Lithium-ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(11): 1025-1029
105. Zhao Yong-Xiang;Qin Xiao-Qin;Hou Xi-Cai;Xu Xian-Lun;Liu Dian-Sheng.Preparation,Characterization and Properties of Selective Hydrogenation on Ni-based Catalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(05): 450-454
106. Guo Min;Diao Peng;Ren Yan-Jie;Wang Bin;Cai Sheng-Min.Preparation and Characterization of Highly Oriented ZnO Single Crystal Submicrorod Arrays[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(05): 478-480
107. Wang Xin-Qing;Wang Miao;Li Zhen-Hua;Zhu Hai-Bin;Wang Feng-Fei.Purification and Characterization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Produced by Arc-Discharge[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(05): 428-431
108. Zhang Hui;Zhang Bing-Jian;Liang Shi-Qiang;Lu Ying-Hong;Hu Wen-Xuan.Shear Viscosity of Simple Fluids in Porous Media: Molecular Dynamic Simulations and Correlation Models[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 352-355
109. Cheng Hu-Min;Ma Yu-Rong;Liao Fu-Hui;Ma Ji-Ming;Qi Li-Min.Synthesis of Mesoporous Zirconia with Hydrothermal Homogeneous Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 326-328
110. Zhai Shang-Ru;Pu Min;Gong Yan-Jun;Zhang Ye;Wu Dong;Sun Yu-Han.The Synthesis of Mesoporous Molecular Sieve MCM-48 Using Two Surfactants as Co-template[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(10): 911-915
111. Liu Zhen-Yu;Zheng Jing-Tang;Wang Mao-Zhang;Zhang Bi-Jiang.Study for Nitrogen Adsorption of PAN-based Activated Carbon Fibers[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(07): 594-599
112. Shui Miao;Yue Lin-Hai;Xu Zhe-De.Photocatalytic Activity of Iron Doping TiO2 Prepared by Several Methods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(03): 282-285
113. Gao En-Qin;Zhang Li;Yang Mai-Zhi;Cai Sheng-Min.Preparation of TiO2 Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Method and its Application for Photoelectrochemical Cell[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(02): 177-180
114. Wang Wen-Tao,Zhong Bang-Ke.The Preparation and Characterization of Alumina Membranes Supported by Porous Titanium Plate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1996,12(01): 85-90
115. LI Chun-Yang, GENG Long-Long, YANG Xu-Wei, WU Shu-Jie, ZHANG Wen-Xiang, LIU Gang.Influence of Surface Properties of Mesoporous Carbon on the Adsorption Removal of Ammonia with Low Concentration[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
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