ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2015,Vol.31>> Issue(7)>> 1421-1429     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201504221         中文摘要
Controlled Aspect Ratio Modulation of ZnO Nanorods via Indium Doping
HU Hai-Feng1,2, HE Tao1
1 CAS Key Laboratory of Nanosystem and Hierarchical Fabrication, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, P. R. China;
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China
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In-doped ZnO nanorods (NRs) were synthesized by hydrothermal method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed that the ZnO lattices expanded upon In doping. According to the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images, the aspect ratio (length- to- width ratio) of the ZnO NRs decreased as the concentration of In(III) in the precursor solution increased from 0% to 1.0% (atomic fraction, x), and increased with further increases in the In(III) concentration from 1.0%to 5.0%. The nonlinear modulation of the aspect ratio of ZnO NRs is believed to be due to the competition between the subst itutional doping of In3+ (InZn) and formation of InOOH intermediate, both of which are closely related to the behavior of In(OH)4-. In(OH)4- can be adsorbed onto zinc polar plane, and thus inhibits adsorption of Zn(OH)42- growth units. Furthermore, In(OH)4- can convert into InOOH, which can act as a crystal binder and enhance growth along the (002) plane. InZn can disrupt the zinc polar plane, resulting in the suppression of growth along the (002) facet. Therefore, the aspect ratio of ZnO NRs can be controllably modulated by changing the In concentration in the precursor solution. The current study furthers our understanding of the growth mechanism of In-doped ZnO, and presents a feasible method to prepare doped-ZnO NRs for real applications.

Keywords: ZnO   In-doping   Hydrothermal method   Aspect ratio   Growth model  
Received: 2014-12-08 Accepted: 2015-04-21 Publication Date (Web): 2015-04-22
Corresponding Authors: HE Tao Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2011CB933200) and Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2015DFG62610).

Cite this article: HU Hai-Feng, HE Tao. Controlled Aspect Ratio Modulation of ZnO Nanorods via Indium Doping[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31 (7): 1421-1429.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201504221

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51. LI Xue-Fei, ZHAO Yun, JIAO Qing-Ze, LI Han-Sheng, WU Hong-Yu, LIU Hong-Bo, CUI Wen-Jia.Preparation of One-Dimensional Titanate Nanomaterials Using Different Titania Sources[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(08): 1996-2000
52. XU Yong, YAN Shi-Zhi, YE Tong-Qi, ZHANG Zhao, LI Quan-Xin.Dimethyl Ether Production from Biomass Char and CO2-Rich Bio-Syngas[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(08): 1926-1932
53. SHEN Shan-Shan, LU Wen-Cong, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, HAN Ling, ZHANG Hao.Fabrication of Mesoporous NiAl2O4 Nanorods and Their Catalytic Properties for Toluene Hydrocracking[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(07): 1743-1750
54. YING Hong, WANG Zhi-Yong, GUO Zheng-Duo, SHI Zu-Jin, YANG Shang-Feng.Reduced Graphene Oxide-Modified Bi2WO6 as an Improved Photocatalyst under Visible Light[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(06): 1482-1486
55. HAN Ling, NI Ji-Peng, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, SHEN Shan-Shan, ZHANG Hao, LU Wen-Cong.Controlled Synthesis of Mesoporous MnO2 Nanospindles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 743-748
56. HAN Nan-Nan, WANG Hui, LI Na, ZHOU Jian-Zhang, LIN Zhong-Hua, WU Di, WAN Guo-Jiang.Electrochemical Behavior of Redox Proteins on ZnO Nanorod-Modified Electrodes Prepared by Electrodeposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 468-472
57. XIE Juan, WANG Hu, DUAN Ming.Controlled Growth of Self-Assembled ZnO Thin Films and Characterization of Their Photocatalytic Properties[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 193-198
58. ZHANG Fang, YUAN Chang-Zhou, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, ZHANG Luo-Jiang, XU Ke.5-Sulfosalicylic Acid-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis and Supercapacitive Properties of Co-Ni Layered Double Hydroxides[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3175-3180
59. ZHANG Qiao-Bao, FENG Zeng-Fang, HAN Nan-Nan, LIN Ling-Ling, ZHOU Jian-Zhang, LIN Zhong-Hua.Preparation and Photoeletrochemical Performance of CdS Quantum Dot Sensitized ZnO Nanorod Array Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 2927-2934
60. WU Tao, TAO Jie, DENG Jie, TANG Yu-Xin, ZHU Hong, GAO Peng.Preparation and Characterization of One-Dimensional TiO2 Nanowire Films on a Flexible Stainless Steel Substrate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 3087-3094
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62. ZHU Yan-Feng, DU Rong-Gui, LI Jing, QI Hai-Qing, LIN Chang-Jian.Photogenerated Cathodic Protection Properties of a TiO2 Nanowire FilmPrepared by a Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2349-2353
63. ZHANG Huan, LI Meng-Ke, ZHANG Jing, YU Li-Yuan, LIU Ling-Ling, YANG Zhi.Field Emission Properties of Aligned ZnO Nanowire Arrays Prepared by Simple Solution-PhaseMethod[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2563-2568
64. FU Dong-Wei, CHENG Ke, PANG Shan, DU Zu-Liang.Solution Based Synthesis of ZnO/CdS Composite Nanorod Array Film and Its Photoelectric Properties[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2575-2580
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67. HE Yue, DONG Mei, LI Jun-Fen, WANG Jian-Guo, FAN Wei-Bin.Synthesis and Catalytic Properties of MeAPO-5 Molecular Sieves for Selective Oxidation of Cinnamyl Alcohol[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1305-1310
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