ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2015,Vol.31>> Issue(8)>> 1437-1451     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201506162         中文摘要
TiO2 Nanotubes as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries
WANG Qian-Wen1,DU Xian-Feng1,2, CHEN Xi-Zi1, XU You-Long1,2
1. Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, P. R. China;
2. International Center of Dielectric Research, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, P. R. China
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In recent years, TiO2 has been widely investigated as a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries because of its low volume change during the charge/discharge process, environmental benignity, and high safety. However, it suffers from poor electron transport, slow ion diffusion, and low theoretical capacity (335 mAh·g-1), which limit its practical application. In this paper, we review the development history and latest progress of TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) as anode materials. Three typical synthesis methods of TNTs, namely, hydrothermal method, anodic oxidation, and template method, are analyzed in detail. We explain the formation mechanism, compare the advantages and disadvantages of each method, and identify the factors influencing the formation of TNTs. We also carefully analyze the morphology and crystallography of TNTs and describe how they influence the electrochemical performance. It is pointed out that c-axis oriented, arrayed, unsealed TNTs with a wall thickness less than 5 nm show better electrochemical performance. Various approaches for improving the electrochemical performance of TNTs are summarized, including preparation of threedimensional (3D) structured electrodes, doping, coating, and synthesis of composites. Among these approaches, compositing with materials that have high capacity and high conductivity has proven to be effective, convenient, and controllable. The achievements and the problems associated with each approach are summarized, and the possible research directions and prospects of TNTs as anode materials for Li-ion batteries in the future are discussed.

Keywords: TiO2 nanotube   Anode material   Electrochemical performance   Lithium ion battery  
Received: 2015-04-20 Accepted: 2015-06-15 Publication Date (Web): 2015-06-16
Corresponding Authors: DU Xian-Feng Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province, China (2014JM6231), Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry, and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (XJJ2012076).

Cite this article: WANG Qian-Wen, DU Xian-Feng, CHEN Xi-Zi, XU You-Long. TiO2 Nanotubes as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31 (8): 1437-1451.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201506162

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69. WANG Shao-Liang, TANG Zhi-Yuan, SHA Ou, YAN Ji.Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of LiCoPO4 by Sol-Gel Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(02): 343-348
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82. YAN Hui, ZHANG Huan, ZHANG Ding, ZHU Zhi, QI Lu.Hydrothermal Synthesis of Spherical Li4Ti5O12 as Anode Material for High Power Lithium-Ion Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(09): 2118-2122
83. LI Di, CHEN Hong-Chong, LI Jin-Hua, ZHOU Bao-Xue, CAI Wei-Min.Photoelectrocatalytic Performance and Reaction Mechanism of Different Organics upon Adsorption on a TiO2 Nanotube Array Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(09): 2153-2159
84. PENG Tian-You, KE Ding-Ning, ZENG Peng, ZHANG Xiao-Hu, FAN Ke.Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Performance of BiVO4 Film Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(09): 2160-2166
85. GAO Wen-Chao, HUANG Tao, SHEN Yu-Dong, YU Ai-Shui.Phenolic Resin Coated Natural Graphite Oxide as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(09): 2129-2134
86. CHU Dao-Bao, LI Yan, SONG Qi, ZHOU Ying.Synthesis and Properties of LiFePO4/C Cathode Material with a New Carbon Source[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(08): 1863-1867
87. MAI Li-Qiang, YANG Shuang, HAN Chun-Hua, XU Lin, XU Xu, PI Yu-Qiang.Chemical Lithiation and Electroactivity of Nanomaterials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(07): 1551-1559
88. CHEN Lang, RAO Mu-Min, LI Wei-Shan, XU Meng-Qing, LIAO You-Hao, TAN Chun-Lin, YI Jin.Performance Improvement of Polyethylene-Supported PAMS Electrolyte Using Urea as Foaming Agent[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(07): 1689-1694
89. ZHAO Xing, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, QIU Xiang-Yun, XU Shou-Dong, SHI Yue-Li, CUI Yong-Li.Electrochemical Performance of Cr2O3/TiO2 Composite Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(07): 1666-1672
90. CHENG Feng, HUANG Ke-Long, LIU Su-Qin, FANG Xue-Song, ZHANG Xin.Surfactant Carbonization to Synthesize a Fe3O4/C Composite and Its Electrochemical Performance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(06): 1439-1445
91. SU Ya-Ling, LI Yi, DU Ying-Xun, LEI Le-Cheng.Visible-Light-Driven Catalytic Properties and First-Principles Study of Fluorine-Doped TiO2 Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 939-945
92. Lü Rong-Guan, YANG Jun, WANG Jiu-Lin, NULI Yan-Na.Electrodeposition and Electrochemical Property of Porous Li-Si Film Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 759-763
93. TANG Yan, ZHONG Ben-He, GUO Xiao-Dong, LIU Heng, ZHONG Yan-Jun, NIE Xiang, TANG Hong.Effects of Mixed Solvents on the High-Rate Performance of Li3V2(PO4)3/C Prepared by Sol-Gel Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 869-874
94. SU Chang, LU Guo-Qiang, XU Li-Huan, ZHANG Cheng, MA Chun-An.Synthesis and Properties of Spindle-Shaped LiFePO4 for the Cathode Material of Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 609-614
95. ZHANG Qiu-Mei, SHI Zhi-Cong, LI Yi-Xiao, GAO Dan, CHEN Guo-Hua, YANG Yong.Recent Advances in Fluorophosphate and Orthosilicate Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 267-274
96. WANG Xiao-Ya, CHENG Qian, HUANG Tao, YU Ai-Shui.Effect of Calcination Atmosphere on Li/Ni Disorder and Electrochemical Performance of Layered LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 437-442
97. LUO Ying, CUI Xiao-Li, XIE Jing-Ying.Preparation and Visible Light Photoelectrochemical Response of TiO2-MoO3 Composite Nanotube Thin Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 135-142
98. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia, ZHANG Jin-Qiu.Cathodic and Thermal Stabilities of the P(VdF-HFP)-Based Ionic Liquid Composite Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 78-84
99. DENG An-Qiang, FAN Jing-Bo, QIAN Ke-Nong, LUO Yong-Chun.Effect of Heat Treatment on the Structure and Properties of La4MgNi19 Hydrogen Storage Electrode Alloys[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 103-107
100. CHEN Shi-Yu, WANG Zhao-Xiang, FANG Xiang-Peng, ZHAO Hai-Lei, LIU Xiao-Jiang, CHEN Li-Quan.Characterization of TiS2 as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 97-102
101. ZHANG Lei-Yong, HE Shui-Jian, CHEN Shui-Liang, GUO Qiao-Hui, HOU Hao-Qing.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Polyaniline/Carbon Nanofiber Composite Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3181-3186
102. ZHOU Xiao-Ling, HUANG Rui-An, WU Zhao-Cong, YANG Bin, DAI Yong-Nian.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of High-Rate Spinel Li4Ti5Ol2/TiN Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3187-3192
103. ZHANG Qiao-Bao, FENG Zeng-Fang, HAN Nan-Nan, LIN Ling-Ling, ZHOU Jian-Zhang, LIN Zhong-Hua.Preparation and Photoeletrochemical Performance of CdS Quantum Dot Sensitized ZnO Nanorod Array Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 2927-2934
104. ZHANG Zhi-Yu, SANG Li-Xia, SUN Biao, ZHANG Xiao-Min, MA Chong-Fang.Kinetics and Electrochemical Impedance Properties of TiO2 Nanotube Array Photoelectrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 2935-2940
105. CHANG Zhao-Rong, DAI Dong-Mei, LI Bao, TANG Hong-Wei.Effect of Hydrazine on the Performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(10): 2633-2637
106. LI Ya-Juan, ZHAN Hui, LIU Su-Qin, HUANG Ke-Long, ZHOU Yun-Hong.Nanosized Flame Retarded HydroxideMagnesium/Poly(ethylene-oxide) Composite Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2387-2391
107. LUO Yong-Chun, ZHANG Tie-Jun, WANG Duo, KANG Long.Influence of Ball-Milling on Hydrogen Storage and Electrochemical Properties of (Ti Cr)0.497V0.42Fe0.083/30%(w) (LaRMg)(NiCoAl)3.5 Alloy Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2397-2404
108. YANG Su-Xia, LI Yuan, LIU Zhi-Ping, YANG Shu-Qin, HAN Shu-Min.Effect of Partial Substitution of Cu by Fe on the Phase Structure and Electrochemical Property of Low-Co AB5 Type Hydrogen Storage Alloys[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2144-2150
109. DAI Ke-Hua, MAO Jing, ZHAI Yu-Chun.High Rate Capability of 5 V LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode Materials Synthesized via a Gel-Combustion Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2130-2134
110. QIU Xiang-Yun, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, WANG Hong-Ming, CUI Yong-Li, FANG Liang, SUN Shi-Gang.Influence of Electrolyte Composition on the Intercalation-Deintercalation Process of Lithium Ion in Spinel LiMn2O4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1499-1506
111. QU Xiao-Hua, LIU Jie, WANG Zhao-Xiang, CAO Dian-Liang, FANG Xiang-Peng, ZHANG Ling, DUAN Jing-Lai, YAO Hui-Jun, CHEN Yan-Feng, SUN You-Mei, HOU Ming-Dong.Preparation of Microporous Membranes by Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation and Impedance Characterization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1722-1726
112. ZHANG Xiao-Yu, JIANG Wei-Jun, ZHU Xiao-Pei, QI Lu.Characterization of LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 Synthesized by Wet-Chemical Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1507-1514
113. ZHANG Hui-Juan, SONG Huai-He, ZHOU Ji-Sheng, ZHANG Hong-Kun, CHEN Xiao-Hong.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of SnO2/Onion-Like Hollow Carbon Nanoparticle Composites as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1259-1263
114. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia.Preparation of an Ionic Liquid Gel Polymer Electrolyte and Its Compatibility with a LiFePO4 Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1233-1238
115. CHANG Yu-Qing, HUANG Ling, SUN Shi-Gang.Electrodeposition and Electrochemical Properties of Ternary Sn-Co-Zn Alloy Electrodes as Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 561-566
116. XIONG Li-Zhi, HE Ze-Qiang.A New Rheological Phase Route to Synthesize Nano-LiVOPO4 Cathode Material for LithiumIon Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 573-577
117. CHANG Zhao-Rong, YU Xu, TANG Hong-Wei, WEI Wen-Qiang, DAI Dong-Mei.Influence of Al Doping Content on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of LiNi1/3Co2/3-xAlxO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 567-572
118. JIANG Lei, HUANG Hui, WANG Chun-Tao, ZHANG Wen-Kui, GAN Yong-Ping, TAO Xin-Yong.Photoelectrochromic Properties of TiO2-xNx/NiO Bilayer Thin Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(02): 299-303
119. WANG Wei-Kun, ZHANG Yong-Yong, WANG An-Bang, YU Zhong-Bao, HAN Min-Fang, YANG Yu-Sheng.Electrochemical Performance of 1,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone as Cathode Material in Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 47-50
120. LU Hua-Quan, WU Feng, SU Yue-Feng, LI Ning, CHEN Shi, BAO Li-Ying.Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries Prepared by Oxalate Co-Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 51-56
121. TAN Xiao-Lan, CHENG Xin-Qun, MA Yu-Lin, ZUO Peng-Jian, YIN Ge-Ping.Film Formation and Cycleability of LiBOB-Based Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 1967-1971
122. SUN Zhe, LIU Kai-Yu, ZHANG Hai-Feng, LI Ao-Sheng, XU Xiao-Cun.Study on Meso-C/MnO2 Asymmetric Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 1991-1997
123. ZHENG Jun-Chao, LI Xin-Hai, WANG Zhi-Xing, LI Jin-Hui, WU Ling, LI Ling-Jun, GUO Hua-Jun.A Coalescence Mechanism for the Composite Cathode Material xLiFePO4·yLi3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1916-1920
124. ZHONG Mei-E, ZHOU Zhi-Hui, ZHOU Zhen-Tao.Electrochemical Performance of High-Density LiFePO4/C Composites Synthesized by Solid State-Carbothermal Reduction Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1504-1510
125. JIANG Dong-Dong, FU Yan-Bao, MA Xiao-Hua.Fabrication and Characterization of Tin Nanorod Electrodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1481-1484
126. FENG Ji-Jun, LIU Xiang-Zhe, LIU Xiao-Zhen, JIANG Jian-Zhuang, ZHAO Jing.Hydrothermal Syntheses and Properties of LiV3-xMnxO8 as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1490-1494
127. SU Zhi, XU Mao-Wen, YE Shi-Hai, WANG Yong-Long.Doping of Layered LiMnO2 as Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries and Their Electrochemical Properties[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(06): 1232-1238
128. HU Guo-Rong, CAO Yan-Bing, PENG Zhong-Dong, DU Ke, JIANG Qing-Lai.Preparation of Li2FeSiO4 Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Microwave Synthesis[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 1004-1008
129. GAO Hong-Quan, LAI Yan-Qing, ZHANG Zhi-An, LIU Ye-Xiang.Electrochemical Behaviors of New Lithium Salt LiBC2O4F2 in EC+DMC Solvents[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 905-910
130. FAN Xiao-Yong, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, WEI Guo-Zhen, KE Fu-Sheng, HUANG Ling, DONG Quan-Feng, SUN Shi-Gang.Fabrication and Performance of Cu6Sn5 Alloy Anode Using Porous Cu as Current Collector[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 611-616
131. WU Feng, WANG Meng, SU Yue-Feng, CHEN Shi.Surface Modification of LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2 by TiO2-Coating[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 629-634
132. ZHUANG Quan-Tiao, WEI Guo-Zhen, DONG Quan-Feng, SUN Shi-Gang.Influence of Temperature on the Performance of a Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 406-410
133. ZHANG Guo-Qiang, MA Li, WU Zhong-Jie, ZHANG Hai-Yan, NI Pei.Electrochemical Behaviour of the Composite Polymer Electrolyte P(VDF-HFP)-PMMA/CaCO3(SiO2)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 555-560
134. MA Ruo-Biao, FU Yan-Bao, MA Xiao-Hua.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Tin-Dioxide Filled Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 441-445
135. DU Bing, JIANG Qi, ZHAO Xiao-Feng, LIN Sun-Zhong, MU Pei-Shan, ZHAO Yong.Preparation of PPy/CNTs Composite Based on the Electrostatic Absorption Effect[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 513-518
136. LI Yang; XIE Hua-Qing; TU Jiang-Ping.SnS with Various Morphologies and Sizes as Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 365-370
137. XU Jie; YAO Wan-Hao; YAO Yi-Wen; WANG Zhou-Cheng; YANG Yong.Effect of Fluoroethylene Carbonate Additive on the Performance of Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 201-206
138. JIA Yan-Min; LIU Fei-Ye; XIAO Xue-Zhang; HANG Zhou-Ming; LEI Yong-Quan; CHEN Li-Xin.Microstructure and Electrochemical Properties of V2.1TiNi0.4Zr0.06Cu0.03M0.10 (M=Cr, Co, Fe, Nb, Ta) Hydrogen Storage Alloys[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 247-252
139. ZHANG Wei; CUI Xiao-Li; JIANG Zhi-Yu.Effect of Composite Modes on Photoelectrochemical Properties of MWCNTs/TiO2 Nanocomposite Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(11): 1975-1980
140. LIU Fei-Ye; CHEN Li-Xin; LI Lu; JIA Yan-Min; LEI Yong-Quan.Microstructure and Electrochemical Properties of V2.1TiNi0.4Zr0.06Cux (x=0-0.12) Hydrogen Storage Alloys[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1694-1698
141. JIANG Qi; ZHANG Qian; DU Bing; ZHAO Xiao-Feng; ZHAO Yong.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of CNTs-PANI Composite Material via Finite Field Polymerization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1719-1723
142. YANG Shun-Yi; WANG Xian-You; WEI Jian-Liang; LI Xiu-Qin; TANG An-Ping.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Na-Mn-O Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1669-1674
143. HUANG Jun-Jie; JIANG Zhi-Yu.Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Thin Film Electrode Fabricated by Ink-Jet Printing Technique[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1563-1567
144. ZHANG Hua; ZHOU Yong-Ning; WU Xiao-Jing; FU Zheng-Wen.Electrochemical Properties of CuF2 Films Fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1287-1291
145. LI Fan-Qun; LAI Yan-Qing; ZHANG Zhi-An; GAO Hong-Quan; YANG Juan.Electrochemical Behaviors of Et4NBF4+LiPF6/EC+PC+DMC Electrolyte on Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1302-1306
146. WANG Meng; WU Feng; SU Yue-Feng; CHEN Shi.Electrochemical Characteristics of Y2O3-Coated LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1175-1179
147. WEN Qing; LIU Zhi-Min; CHEN Ye; LI Kai-Feng; ZHU Ning-Zheng.Electrochemical Performance of Microbial Fuel Cell with Air-Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(06): 1063-1067
148. WANG Jian-Hua; LI Bin; WU Hai-Yan; GUO Yu-Zhong.Synthesis of Mesoporous SnO2 and Its Application in Lithium-Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(04): 681-685
149. WANG Ya-Dan; WANG Jian; MU Qi-Yong; LI Yong-Wei; QI Lu.Electrochemical Performances of LiMn2O4-based Electrode with Water-soluble Binder[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 14-17
150. QI Lu; SONG Zhao-Shuang; XU Hua; MAO Yong-Zhi; WU Ning-Ning; LIU Zheng-Yao.Electrochemical Performance of LithiumIon Battery Power Syetemfor Electric Vehicles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 21-25
151. ZHANG Chun-Ling; JIANG Wei-Jun; ZHANG Jing; QI Lu.Performance of LiMn1.5Ni0.5-xCuxO4 as 5V Cathode Material for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 31-35
152. TANG Ding-Guo.Application of Polymer LithiumIon Batteries Based on IPN[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 18-20
153. HOU Xian-Quan; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu; HAN Li-Juan.Synthesis and Properties of Layered LiNi0.8Co0.2-xMgxO2 Cathode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 40-45
154. FAN Mao-Song; LEI Xiang-Li; WU Ning-Ning; QI Lu.Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Power Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 36-39
155. WANG Hai-Yan; LIU Xin-Hou; WU Da-Yong.Electrospinning and Electrospun Membranes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 67-74
156. AN Hong-Li; WU Ning-Ning; LEI Xiang-Li; XU Jin-Long; QI Lu.Electrochemical Performance of LithiumIon Battery for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 60-66
157. GUO Ying-Jun; CHEN Hui; QI Lu.Progress in Electrolyte Solutions for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 80-89
158. LEE Meng-Lung; LEE Yi-Da; CHANG Chie-Tai; GAO Tong-Han; LEE Torng-Jinn.Application and Technology of Aluminum Bag Lithium-Ion Polymer Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 100-106
159. GUO Ying-Jun; LI Qi-Qi-Ge; NING Ying-Kun; QI Lu; TANG Hong-Wu.Performance of Liquid Electrolyte for Lithium-ion Battery at Elevated-temperature[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 1-4
160. FENG Hua-Jun; CHEN Yuan;DAI Ke-Hua; SONG Zhao-Shuang; MA Jian-Wei; QI Lu.Preparation and Characterization of a Novel Kind of Polymer Electrolyte Composite Membrane for Lithium-Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1922-1926
161. CHEN Yong-Chong; XU Xing-Jun; CUI Hong-Zhi; DAI Ke-Hua; SONG Zhao-Shuang; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu.Preferred Orientation of Crystals and the Intensity Ratios of XRD Peaks of Cathode Material LiCoO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1948-1953
162. HOU Chun-Ping; YUE Min.A Novel Cathode Material Lithium Vanadium Phosphate Synthesized by Liquid-phase Sphericizing Granulation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1954-1957
163. TANG Hong-Wei; ZHU Zhi-Hong; CHANG Zhao-Rong; CHEN Zhong-Jun.Drawing and Application of Phase Diagram Related to Eutectic Mixed Lithium Salts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(08): 1265-1268
164. WEI Ying-Jin; LI Xu; WANG Chun-Zhong; ZHAN Shi-Ying; CHEN Gang.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Cu Doped V2O5[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1090-1094
165. ZHANG Hong-Fang; FU Ping-Ping; SONG Ying-Jie; DU Chen-Shu; YANG Hua-Bin; ZHOU Zuo-Xiang; WU Meng-Tao; HUANG Lai-He.Preparation and Properties of Sandwich-type Si/Fe/Si Film Anode for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1065-1070
166. LIU Su-Qin; GONG Ben-Li; HUANG Ke-Long; ZHANG Ge; LI Shi-Cai.Effect of Calcination Temperature on the Compositions and Electrochemical Performance of Products in the Synthesis of LiFePO4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1117-1122
167. LIU Su-Qin; LI Shi-Cai; HUANG Ke-Long; CHEN Zhao-Hui.Effect of Doping Ti4+ on the Structure and Performances of Li3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 537-542
168. HUANG Ke-Long;YANG Sai;LIU Su-Qin;WANG Hai-Bo.Kinetics of Electrode Processes of LiFePO4 in Saturated Lithium Nitrate Solution[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(01): 129-133
169. TANG Zhi-Yuan;YU Ming-Yuan;XUE Jian-Jun;GAO Fei;CUI Yan;LI Liang-Dong.Electrochemical Properties and Synthesis of LiNi0.01Co0.01Mn1.98O4 by SAC Route for Lithium Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(01): 134-138
170. QIN Hai-Ying;XIE Jian;MI Jian-Li;TU Jian;ZHAO Xin-Bing.Solvothermal Synthesis and Electrochemical Lithiation/Delithiation Performance of FeSb2 Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(12): 1555-1559
171. HUANG Ling;JIANG Hong-Hong;KE Fu-Sheng;FAN Xiao-Yong;ZHUANG Quan-Chao;YANG Fang-Zu;SUN Shi-Gang.Structure and Properties of Three-dimensional Reticular Sn-Co Alloy Electrodes as Anode Material for Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(12): 1537-1541
172. XU Yu-Hong;ZHANG Bao-Hong;GONG GUI-Ying;MA Ping .Electrochemical Properties Study of Sb2O3 doped Li4Ti5O12[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(11): 1336-1341
173. XIE Jian;ZHAO Xin-Bing;YU Hong-Ming;QI Hao;CAO Gao-Shao;TU Jiang-Ping .Preparation, Characterization and Electrochemical Li-absorption/extraction Behaviors of Nanosized Co-Sn Intermetallic Compounds[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(11): 1409-1412
174. LI Chang-Yu;LÜ Zhe;LIU Li-Li;LIU Zhi-Ming;SU Wen-Hui.Preparation and Performance Test of Ni-Fe/SDC Cell Anode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1181-1184
175. ZHUANG Da-Gao;ZHAO Xin-Bing;XIE Jian;TU Jian;ZHU Tie-Jun;CAO Gao-Shao.One-step Solid-state Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of Nb-doped LiFePO4/C[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(07): 840-844
176. TANG Ding-Guo;CI Yun-Xiang;QI Lu.Influence of Thermal Initiators on the Electrochemical Performances of Gel Polymer Electrolytes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(07): 826-830
177. WANG Zhong;TIAN Wen-Huai;LI Xing-Guo.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Sn-Sb Alloy Prepared by Hydrogen Plasma-metal Reaction[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(06): 752-755
178. CHEN Li-Xin;LI Lu;WANG Xin-Hua;DAI Fa-Bang;ZHENG Fang-Ping;LEI Yong-Quan.Phase Structures and Electrochemical Properties of V2.1TiNi0.4Zrx(x= 0~0.06) Hydrogen Storage Electrode Alloys*[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(05): 523-527
179. YI Shuang-Ping;ZHANG Hai-Yan;PEI Lei;HU Shou-Le;ZENG Guo-Xun;CHEN Jin.Effect of CNTs Treated at Different Temperatures in Nitrogen Ambient on the Electrochemical Properties of CNTs-LaNi5 Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(04): 436-440
180. XUE Ming-Zhe; CHENG Sun-Chao; YAO Jia; FU Zheng-Wen.Electrochemical Properties of SnSe Thin Film Electrode Fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(03): 383-387
181. XU Meng-Qing; ZUO Xiao-Xi; LI Wei-Shan; ZHOU Hao-Jie; LIU Jian-Sheng; YUAN Zhong-Zhi.Effect of Butyl Sultone on the Li-ion Battery Performance and Interface of Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(03): 335-340
182. ZHUANG Quan-chao; FAN Xiao-yong; XU Jin-mei; CHEN Zuo-feng; DONG Quan-feng; JIANG Yan-xia; HUANG Ling; SUN Shi-gang.Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopic Study of the First Delithiation of Spinel Lithium Manganese Oxide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 234-238
183. YANG Xiao; NI Jiang-feng; HUANG You-yuan; CHEN Ji-tao; ZHOU Heng-hui; ZHANG Xinxiang.Effect of Ti-Doping on Different Morphologic LiCoO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 183-188
184. WANG Ying; LIU Wen-yuan; FU Zheng-wen.Electrochemistry of Mn4N with Lithium[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(01): 65-70
185. WANG Guo-guang WANG Jian-ming MAO Wen-qu LIU Li-qing ZHANG Jian-qing CAO Chu-nan.Structure and Electrochemical Performance of LiNiyCo0.1-yMn1.9O4 Cathode Materials Prepared by a Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(11): 1285-1290
186. TANG Xin-cun; HUANG Bo-yun; HE Yue-hui.Dependence of Li+ Diffusion Coefficients in LiMn2O4 on Charge/Discharge Cycles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(09): 957-960
187. TANG Zhi-yuan; LU Xing-he; ZHANG Na.The Anion-cation Multiple Doping Effect of Spinel Cathode Materials on Electrochemical Speciality[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(08): 934-938
188. HUANG You-yuan; ZHOU Heng-hui; CHEN Ji-tao; GAO De-shu; SU Guang-yao.The Effect of Ti4+, Mg2+ Co-doping on Performance of LiNi0.4Co0.2Mn0.4O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(07): 725-729
189. XUE Ming-zhe; FU Zheng-wen.Electrochemical Properties of LiFePO4 Cathode Thin Film Fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(07): 707-710
190. LIU Chun-ling; WEN Yue-hua; CHENG Jie; GUO Quan-gui; CAO Gao-ping; LIU Lang; YANG Yu-sheng.Influence of Pore Structure of Phenolic Resin Based Activated Carbon Fibers on the Electrochemical Performance of Electrical Double-layer Capacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(07): 786-791
191. WU Mei-Yin; WANG Jian-Ming; ZHANG Jian-Qing; CAO Chu-Nan.Structure and Electrochemical Performance of Mn-substituted Nickel Hydroxide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(05): 523-527
192. XIAO Xue-Zhang; CHEN Chang-Pin; WANG Xin-Hua; CHEN Li-Xin; WANG Li; GAO Lin-Hui.Microstructure and Electrochemical Properties of Amorphous Mg-Fe-Ni Hydrogen Storage Electrode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(05): 565-568
193. TAO Bin-Wu;LIU Jian-Hua;LI Song-Mei;ZHAO Liang.Electrochemical Properties of a V2O5/C Composite in Aqueous Solution Used for Zinc Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(03): 338-342
194. TANG Zhi-Yuan;ZHANG Na;LU Xing-He;HUANG Qing-Hua.Characterizations of Spinel LiMn2-xZrxO4 Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(01): 89-92
195. Wang Wei-Kun; Wang An-Bang; Cao Gao-Ping; Yang Yu-Sheng.Electrochemical Performance of a Novel Cathode Material Phenyl Polysulfide for Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(12): 1440-1444
196. Chang Xiao-Yan;Wang Zhi-Xing;Li Xin-Hai;Kuang Qiong;Peng Wen-Jie;Guo Hua-Jun;Zhang Yun-He.Synthesis and Performance of LiMnPO4 Used as Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(10): 1249-1252
197. Wang Zhi-Xing;Xing Zhi-Jun;Li Xin-Hai;Guo Hua-Jun;Peng Wen-Jie.Study on Al2O3-modified LiMn2O4 Prepared by Heterogeneous Nucleation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(08): 790-794
198. Liu En-Hui;Li Xin-Hai;Hou Zhao-Hui;He Ze-Qiang;Deng Ling-Feng.Chemical Diffusion Behaviors of Lithium-ion in the LiV3O8 Prepared by Wet Method Reaction[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(04): 377-381
199. Wang Zhan-Liang;Tang Zhi-Yuan.Research on the Interfacial Properties of Polymer Electrolyte by A.C.Impedance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(12): 1097-1101
200. Li Jian-Gang;Wan Chun-Rong;Yang Dong-Ping;Yang Zhang-Ping.Effect of Cell Temperature on the Electrochemical Reaction of LiNi3/8Co2/8Mn3/8O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(11): 1030-1034
201. Chen Ji-Tao;Zhou Heng-Hui;Chang Wen-Bao;Ci Yun-Xiang.Effect of Particle Size on Lithium Intercalation Performance of Graphite Anode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(03): 278-282
202. Tang Xin-Cun;He Li-Ping;Chen Zong-Zhang;Xia Xi.Determination of the Li+ Diffusion Coefficient in Graphite By the Method of the Ratio of Potentio-charge Capacity to Galvano-charge Capacity[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(08): 705-709
203. Zhao Zhuan-Qing;Yao Su-Wei;Zhang Wei-Guo;Gong Zheng-Lie.Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Performance of Photoelectrode of TiO2 Film on Nickel[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(05): 473-476
204. Wang Zhan-Liang;Tang Zhi-Yuan;Geng Xin;Xue Jian-Jun.Research on Novel PMMAbased Gel Electrolyte for Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(03): 272-275
205. Zhao Ming-Shu;Zhai Yu-Chun;Tian Yan-Wen.Study on Kinetics of Synthesizing Spinel LiMn2O4 for Lithium-ion Battery Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(02): 188-192
206. Chen Ji-Tao;Zhou Heng-Hui;Chang Wen-Bao;Ci Yun-Xiang.pyrolytic Carbon Coated Graphite Anode for Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(02): 180-182
207. Tang Zhi-Yuan;Xue Jian-Jun;Li Jian-Gang;Wang Zhan-Liang.Discharge Process of Insertion Electrodes Controlled by Lithium Ion Diffusion in Solid Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(06): 526-530
208. Tang Zhi-Yuan;Xue Jian-Jun;Liu Chun-Yan;Zhuang Xin-Guo.Determination of the Lithium Ion Diffusion Coefficient in Graphite Anode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(05): 385-388
209. Li Ming, Yang Hua-Quan.Lithiation Behavior of α-Fe2O3 in LiOH Electrolyte Solution[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(08): 735-740
210. Zhou Heng-Hui, Chen Ji-Tao, Ci Yun-Xiang, Liu Chang-Yan.A Simple Method to Evaluate Lithium Insertion Capacity of PPP-based Carbon[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(05): 477-480
211. XU Juan, LIU Jia-Qin, LI Jing-Wei, WANG Yan, LV Jun, WU Yu-Cheng.Controlled Synthesis and Supercapacitive Performance of Heterostructured MnO2/H-TiO2 Nanotube Arrays[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
212. TANY Yan-Ping, YUAN Sha, GUO Yu-Zhong, HUANG Rui-An, WANG Jian-Hua, YANGBin, DAI Yong-Nian.Magnesiothermic Reduction Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Highly Ordered Mesoporous Si/C Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
213. HUANG Wei, WU Chun-Yang, ZENG Yue-Wu, JIN Chuan-Hong, ZHANG Ze.Surface Analysis of Lithium-Rich Cathode Material Li1.2Mn0.54Co0.13Ni0.13NaxO2 by Advanced Electron Microscopy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
214. WANG Jing-Lun, YAN Xiao-Dan, YONG Tian-Qiao, ZHANG Ling-Zhi.Nitrile Modified 2,5-Di-tert-butyl-Hydroquinone as Redox Shuttle Overcharge Additive for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
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