ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2015,Vol.31>> Issue(11)>> 2099-2108     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201510081         中文摘要
Preparation of Cross-Linked Porous Carbon Nanofiber Networks by Electrospinning Method and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behaviors
LU Jian-Jian, YING Zong-Rong, LIU Xin-Dong, ZHAO Shuang-Sheng
School of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, P. R. China
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Cross-linked porous carbon nanofiber networks were successfully prepared by electrospinning followed by preoxidation and carbonization using low-cost melamine and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) as precursors. The structures and morphologies of the nanofiber networks were investigated using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and N2 adsorption/desorption. The carbon fibers had an interconnected nanofibrous morphology with a well-developed porous structure including micropores, mesopores and macropores, high-level nitrogen doping (up to 14.3%), and a small average diameter (about 89 nm). Without activation, the carbon nanofibers had a high specific capacitance of 194 F·g-1 at a current density of 0.05 A·g-1. Cycling experiments showed that the specific capacitance retained approximately 99.2% of the initial capacitance after 1000 cycles at a current density of 2 A·g-1, indicating an excellent electrochemical performance.

Keywords: Melamine   Electrospinning   Carbon nanofiber   Cross-linked network   Supercapacitor  
Received: 2015-05-19 Accepted: 2015-10-08 Publication Date (Web): 2015-10-08
Corresponding Authors: YING Zong-Rong Email:

Cite this article: LU Jian-Jian, YING Zong-Rong, LIU Xin-Dong, ZHAO Shuang-Sheng. Preparation of Cross-Linked Porous Carbon Nanofiber Networks by Electrospinning Method and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behaviors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31 (11): 2099-2108.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201510081

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