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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2016, Vol. 32 Issue (2): 474-480    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201511104
ARTICLE     
Preparation and Application of Polyaniline Doped with Different Sulfonic Acids for Supercapacitor
You-Cheng LIN,Xin-Xian ZHONG*(),Han-Xing HUANG,Hong-Qiang WANG,Qi-Peng FENG,Qing-Yu LI*()
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Abstract  

Polyaniline (PANI) nanomaterials doped with three different sulfonic acid surfactants (perfluorinated sulfonic acid ion exchange resin (Nafion), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS)) were prepared using an emulsion polymerization method with manganese dioxide (MnO2) as the oxidant. The structure and morphology of the products were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Symmetric redox supercapacitor was assembled with doped PANI as the active electrode material. The electrochemical performances of the materials were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and galvanostatic charge-discharge tests. These results suggest that the introduction of surfactant is beneficial for the formation of a fiber structure and increases the dispersion of PANI. A PANI-Nafion network with distributed porosity and average diameters of 30-40 nm is obtained. The specific capacitances of PANI-Nafion, PANI-SDS, and PANI-SDBS electrodes at 0.1 A·g-1 are 385.3, 359.7, and 401.6 F·g-1, respectively. Among these electrodes PANI-Nafion delivers the best cycle performance, maintaining 70.7% of its initial capacitance after 1000 cycles.



Key wordsPolyaniline      Organic sulfonic acid      Emulsion polymerization      Nanofiber      Supercapacitor     
Received: 20 July 2015      Published: 10 November 2015
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2014M562499XB);National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1401246, 51474110)
Corresponding Authors: Xin-Xian ZHONG,Qing-Yu LI     E-mail: zhongxx2004@163.com;liqingyu62@126.com
Cite this article:

You-Cheng LIN,Xin-Xian ZHONG,Han-Xing HUANG,Hong-Qiang WANG,Qi-Peng FENG,Qing-Yu LI. Preparation and Application of Polyaniline Doped with Different Sulfonic Acids for Supercapacitor. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016, 32(2): 474-480.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201511104     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2016/V32/I2/474

 
 
 
 
Material SBET/(m2•g-1)a Slopeb Interceptc R2 p/p0 range
PANI-Nafion 55.258 0.07638 0.00237 0.99879 0.05-0.20
PANI-SDS 40.782 0.10596 0.00079 0.99802 0.02-0.30
PANI-SDBS 43.242 0.09934 0.00133 0.99817 0.04-0.30
PANI 29.521 0.14497 0.00247 0.99986 0.05-0.20
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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