ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2016,Vol.32>> Issue(2)>> 493-502     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201511131         中文摘要
Preparation and Performance of Polypyrrole/Nitric Acid Activated Carbon Aerogel Nanocomposite Materials for Supercapacitors
LI Ya-Jie, NI Xing-Yuan, SHEN Jun, LIU Dong, LIU Nian-Ping, ZHOU Xiao-Wei
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Special Artificial Microstructure Materials and Technology, Institute of Physical Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, P. R. China
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Polypyrrole (PPY)/nitric acid (HNO3) activated carbon aerogel (HCA) composites are prepared through chemical oxidative polymerization with different PPY/HCAmass ratios. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were employed to investigate the components and morphology of the samples. The results demonstrate that the synthesized materials maintain the threedimensional nanoporous structure of the carbon aerogel (CA); the activation by nitric acid and composition with PPY do not destroy the porous structure of the carbon aerogel and the complex still has the original threedimensional nanoporous structure. Composites with different mass ratios (3:1, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3) of PPY/HCA were prepared and the electrochemical properties were measured by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge test, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results confirm that the PPY/HCA composite with a ratio of 1:1 exhibits the best electrochemical performances; it has a high specific capacitance of 336 F·g-1, which is more than two times higher than that of CA (103 F·g-1); it also exhibits outstanding conductivity and cycling stability, retaining 91% of its initial capacitance after 2000 cycles. Therefore, this composite is quite a promising electrode material for supercapacitors.

Keywords: Activated carbon aerogel   Polypyrrole   Supercapacitor   Chemical oxidative polymerization   Composite electrode material   Capacitive property  
Received: 2015-06-25 Accepted: 2015-11-10 Publication Date (Web): 2015-11-13
Corresponding Authors: NI Xing-Yuan Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51072137, 50802064, 11074189), Key Projects in the National Science & Technology Pillar Program, China (2009BAC62B02), and Shanghai Committee of Science and Technology, China (11nm0501600).

Cite this article: LI Ya-Jie, NI Xing-Yuan, SHEN Jun, LIU Dong, LIU Nian-Ping, ZHOU Xiao-Wei . Preparation and Performance of Polypyrrole/Nitric Acid Activated Carbon Aerogel Nanocomposite Materials for Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32 (2): 493-502.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201511131

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62. XUE Rong, YAN Jing-Wang, TIAN Ying, YI Bao-Lian.Lanthanum Doped Manganese Dioxide/Carbon Nanotube Composite Electrodes for Electrochemical Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(10): 2340-2346
63. LU Xiang-Jun, DOU Hui, YANG Su-Dong, HAO Liang, ZHANG Fang, ZHANG Xiao-Gang.Fabrication and Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior of Freestanding Graphene/Polyaniline Nanofibre Film[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(10): 2333-2339
64. YAN Hui, ZHANG Huan, ZHANG Ding, ZHU Zhi, QI Lu.Hydrothermal Synthesis of Spherical Li4Ti5O12 as Anode Material for High Power Lithium-Ion Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(09): 2118-2122
65. PENG Tian-You, KE Ding-Ning, ZENG Peng, ZHANG Xiao-Hu, FAN Ke.Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Performance of BiVO4 Film Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(09): 2160-2166
66. LI Zhao, XU Ju-Liang, LI Xu-Yan, GUO Li-Fang, LI Jin, JIANG Yi-Ming.Preparation of Manganese Dioxide for Electrodes of Supercapacitors Based on Duplex Stainless Steel[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(06): 1424-1430
67. ZHOU Jin, LI Wen, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping.Capacitive Performance of Tunable Ordered Mesoporous Carbons in Organic and H2SO4 Electrolytes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(06): 1431-1438
68. TIAN Ying, WANG Jing-Ri, LIU Ming, SHI Kun, YANG Feng-Lin.Redox Stability of Polypyrrole in Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions by a Recurrent Potential Pulse Technique[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(05): 1116-1121
69. MI Juan, WANG Yu-Ting, GAO Peng-Cheng, LI Wen-Cui.Effects of Thermal Treatment on the Electrochemical Behavior of Manganese Dioxide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 893-899
70. YU Li-Qiu, CHEN Shu-Li, CHANG Sha, LI Yun-Hu, GAO Yin-Yi, WANG Gui-Ling CAO Dian-Xue.Supercapacitance of NiCo2O4 Nanowire Arrays Grown on Nickel Foam[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 615-619
71. LI Wen, ZHOU Jin, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping, Lü Yi-Min.Preparation of Microporous Carbon Using a Zeolite HY Template and Its Capacitive Performance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 620-626
72. TIAN Ying, YAN Jing-Wang, XUE Rong, YI Bao-Lian.Influence of Electrolyte Concentration and Temperature on the Capacitance of Activated Carbon[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 479-485
73. ZHANG Hai-Jun, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, YUAN Chang-Zhou, GAO Bo, SUN Kang, FU Qing-Bin, LU Xiang-Jun, JIANG Jian-Chun.Preparation of Water Soluble Chitosan-Based Porous Carbon/NiO Composites and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 455-460
74. HUANG Rong, CHEN Ming-An, LU Xue-Bin.Chemical Oxidative Polymerization of Polypyrrole and Its Corrosion Resistance on the AZ31 Magnesium Alloy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 113-119
75. DENG An-Qiang, FAN Jing-Bo, QIAN Ke-Nong, LUO Yong-Chun.Effect of Heat Treatment on the Structure and Properties of La4MgNi19 Hydrogen Storage Electrode Alloys[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 103-107
76. ZHANG Lei-Yong, HE Shui-Jian, CHEN Shui-Liang, GUO Qiao-Hui, HOU Hao-Qing.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Polyaniline/Carbon Nanofiber Composite Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3181-3186
77. ZHANG Fang, YUAN Chang-Zhou, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, ZHANG Luo-Jiang, XU Ke.5-Sulfosalicylic Acid-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis and Supercapacitive Properties of Co-Ni Layered Double Hydroxides[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3175-3180
78. ZHANG Xiao-Bo, CHEN Ming-Hai, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, LI Qing-Wen.Preparation of Porous Carbon Nanofibers by Electrospinning and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3169-3174
79. LI Mei-Chao, WANG Wu-Yang, ZHU Wan-Xia, MA Chun-An.Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Ascorbic Acid on a PPy-HEImTfa/Pt Electrode and Its Mechanism[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3212-3216
80. WAN Qun-Yi, FAN Shuan-Shi, YUE Xian-Jun, LANG Xue-Mei, XU Wen-Dong, LI Jing, FENG Chun-Hua.Improved Capacitive Performance of Polypyrrole Doped with 9,10-Anthraquinone-2-sulfonic Acid Sodium Salt[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 2951-2956
81. ZHANG Qiao-Bao, FENG Zeng-Fang, HAN Nan-Nan, LIN Ling-Ling, ZHOU Jian-Zhang, LIN Zhong-Hua.Preparation and Photoeletrochemical Performance of CdS Quantum Dot Sensitized ZnO Nanorod Array Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 2927-2934
82. LUO Yong-Chun, ZHANG Tie-Jun, WANG Duo, KANG Long.Influence of Ball-Milling on Hydrogen Storage and Electrochemical Properties of (Ti Cr)0.497V0.42Fe0.083/30%(w) (LaRMg)(NiCoAl)3.5 Alloy Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2397-2404
83. TIAN Ying, YAN Jing-Wang, LIU Xiao-Xue, XUE Rong, YI Bao-Lian.Electrochemical Capacitance of Composites with MnOx Loaded on the Surface of Activated Carbon Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2151-2157
84. YANG Su-Xia, LI Yuan, LIU Zhi-Ping, YANG Shu-Qin, HAN Shu-Min.Effect of Partial Substitution of Cu by Fe on the Phase Structure and Electrochemical Property of Low-Co AB5 Type Hydrogen Storage Alloys[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2144-2150
85. ZHANG Jing, KONG Ling-Bin, CAI Jian-Jun, YANG Zhen-Sheng, LUO Yong-Chun, KANG Long.Novel Polypyrrole/Mesoporous Carbon Nanocomposite Electrode for an Electrochemical Hybrid Capacitor[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1515-1520
86. LI Li-Min, LIU En-Hui, LI Jian, YANG Yan-Jing, SHEN Hai-Jie, HUANG Zheng-Zheng, XIANG Xiao-Xia.Polyaniline-Based Carbon for a Supercapacitor Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1521-1526
87. JI Qian-Qian, GUO Pei-Zhi, ZHAO Xiu-Song.Preparation of Chitosan-Based Porous Carbons and Their Application as Electrode Materials for Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1254-1258
88. LI Sheng, QIU Yu-Bing, GUO Xing-Peng.Electrochemical Impedance of Polypyrrole Films under Different Conditions[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 601-609
89. JIANG Lei, HUANG Hui, WANG Chun-Tao, ZHANG Wen-Kui, GAN Yong-Ping, TAO Xin-Yong.Photoelectrochromic Properties of TiO2-xNx/NiO Bilayer Thin Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(02): 299-303
90. ZANG Yang, HAO Xiao-Gang, WANG Zhong-De, ZHANG Zhong-Lin, LIU Shi-Bin.Copolymerization and Capacitive Performance of Composite Carbon Nanotubes/Polyaniline/Nickel Hexacyanoferrate Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(02): 291-298
91. WANG Wei-Kun, ZHANG Yong-Yong, WANG An-Bang, YU Zhong-Bao, HAN Min-Fang, YANG Yu-Sheng.Electrochemical Performance of 1,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone as Cathode Material in Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 47-50
92. LU Hua-Quan, WU Feng, SU Yue-Feng, LI Ning, CHEN Shi, BAO Li-Ying.Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries Prepared by Oxalate Co-Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 51-56
93. PANG Xu, MA Zheng-Qing, ZUO Lie.Sn Doped MnO2 Electrode Material for Supercapacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(12): 2433-2437
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98. GAO Hong-Quan, LAI Yan-Qing, ZHANG Zhi-An, LIU Ye-Xiang.Electrochemical Behaviors of New Lithium Salt LiBC2O4F2 in EC+DMC Solvents[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 905-910
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100. DU Bing, JIANG Qi, ZHAO Xiao-Feng, LIN Sun-Zhong, MU Pei-Shan, ZHAO Yong.Preparation of PPy/CNTs Composite Based on the Electrostatic Absorption Effect[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 513-518
101. WANG Rui; ZHANG Tong; HE Yuan; GENG Wang-Chang; NIU Li-Gang; LI Xiao-Tian.Complex Impedance Analysis of the Humidity Sensing Properties of Polypyrrole[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 327-330
102. CHEN Li; ZHANG Xiao-Gang; YUAN Chang-Zhou; CHEN Sheng-Yao.Electrochemical Properties of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/Manganese Oxide Synthesized by Interfacial Polymerization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 304-308
103. JIA Yan-Min; LIU Fei-Ye; XIAO Xue-Zhang; HANG Zhou-Ming; LEI Yong-Quan; CHEN Li-Xin.Microstructure and Electrochemical Properties of V2.1TiNi0.4Zr0.06Cu0.03M0.10 (M=Cr, Co, Fe, Nb, Ta) Hydrogen Storage Alloys[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 247-252
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106. JIANG Qi; ZHANG Qian; DU Bing; ZHAO Xiao-Feng; ZHAO Yong.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of CNTs-PANI Composite Material via Finite Field Polymerization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1719-1723
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118. TANG Zhi-Yuan;YU Ming-Yuan;XUE Jian-Jun;GAO Fei;CUI Yan;LI Liang-Dong.Electrochemical Properties and Synthesis of LiNi0.01Co0.01Mn1.98O4 by SAC Route for Lithium Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(01): 134-138
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124. CHEN Li-Xin;LI Lu;WANG Xin-Hua;DAI Fa-Bang;ZHENG Fang-Ping;LEI Yong-Quan.Phase Structures and Electrochemical Properties of V2.1TiNi0.4Zrx(x= 0~0.06) Hydrogen Storage Electrode Alloys*[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(05): 523-527
125. YI Shuang-Ping;ZHANG Hai-Yan;PEI Lei;HU Shou-Le;ZENG Guo-Xun;CHEN Jin.Effect of CNTs Treated at Different Temperatures in Nitrogen Ambient on the Electrochemical Properties of CNTs-LaNi5 Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(04): 436-440
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128. LIU Chun-ling; WEN Yue-hua; CHENG Jie; GUO Quan-gui; CAO Gao-ping; LIU Lang; YANG Yu-sheng.Influence of Pore Structure of Phenolic Resin Based Activated Carbon Fibers on the Electrochemical Performance of Electrical Double-layer Capacitors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(07): 786-791
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