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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca  2016, Vol. 32 Issue (3): 723-727    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201512141
ARTICLE     
Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Graphene Oxide and Polyelectrolyte Composite Membranes for Monovalent Cation Separation
Sheng-Jun ZHAO1,Wei ZHANG2,Hui-Ning DENG2,*(),Wei LIU2
1 School of Chemical Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, P. R. China
2 School of Marine Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, P. R. China
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Abstract  

Graphene oxide (GO) composite membranes were fabricated via layer-by-layer (LBL) assembling poly(ethylenimine) (PEI) and a mixture of GO and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) on a poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN) support membrane. The composite membranes and their application performance were characterized and evaluated. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) spectrum shows that GO was successfully synthesized by the modified Hummers method, and it was homogenously dispersed in the composite membranes. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows the successful assembly of multiple polyelectrolyte PEI and a mixture of GO and PAA bilayers on the PAN support membrane. The ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrum indicates that the uniformity and continuity of the composite membrane were enhanced with the increasing number of assembled layers. The hydrophilic and selectivity tests reveals that the addition of GO decreased the water contact angle and enhanced the selectivity for monovalent cations of the multilayer polyelectrolyte composite membranes. All these advantages combine to fabricate a high-flux, high selectivity, and anti-fouling composite membrane for separation applications and water softening.



Key wordsMultilayer structure      Layer-by-layer assembly      Deposition      Graphene oxide      Selectivity     
Received: 28 September 2015      Published: 14 December 2015
MSC2000:  O647  
Fund:  the National Natural Science Foundation of China(20906017);Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China(B2013202087, D2014202074);Tianjin Research Program of Application Foundation and Advanced Technology, China(14JCZDJC38900)
Corresponding Authors: Hui-Ning DENG     E-mail: huiningd@163.com
Cite this article:

Sheng-Jun ZHAO,Wei ZHANG,Hui-Ning DENG,Wei LIU. Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Graphene Oxide and Polyelectrolyte Composite Membranes for Monovalent Cation Separation. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca, 2016, 32(3): 723-727.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201512141     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2016/V32/I3/723

 
 
 
 
 
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