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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2016,Vol.32>> Issue(3)>> 753-762     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201512294         中文摘要
Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Esterified Bacterial Celluloses to Effectively Remove Pb(II)
WANG Yin, SUN Feng-Ling, ZHANG Xiao-Dong, TAO Hong, YANG Yi-Qiong
School of Environment and Architecture, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, P. R. China
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Two modified bacterial celluloses, xanthate-modified bacterial cellulose (XMBC) and sulfate-modified bacterial cellulose (SMBC), were prepared from bacterial cellulose (BC) esterified with xanthate and sulfate, respectively, using microwave irradiation. The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface analysis. Batch experiments were carried out to determine the ability of XMBC and SMBC to remove Pb(II) from solution. The effects of pH, contact time, temperature, initial adsorption concentration, and ionic strength on Pb(II) removal were investigated along with regeneration performance. Both the specific surface area and total pore volume of the modified biosorbents were higher than those of unmodified bacterial cellulose. The adsorption of Pb(II) decreased with increasing temperature and ionic strength, and the optimal pH was 5.0. The introduction of thiol groups on bacterial cellulose increased its adsorption capacity for Pb(II); the modified biosorbents exhibited adsorption capacities of 144.93 mg·g-1 for XMBC and 126.58 mg·g-1 for SMBC. The adsorption rate closely followed a pseudo-second order model and the adsorption isotherm data were consistent with the Langmuir model. The adsorption of Pb(II) was exothermic, and the spent adsorbents could be readily regenerated for reuse. As a result, SMBC and XMBC are promising materials for the preconcentration and separation of heavy metals from large volumes of aqueous solutions.



Keywords: Bacterial cellulose   Etherificationmodification   Microwave assistance   Biosorption   Heavymetal  
Received: 2015-10-20 Accepted: 2015-12-24 Publication Date (Web): 2015-12-29
Corresponding Authors: WANG Yin, ZHANG Xiao-Dong Email: 625xiaogui@163.com;fatzhxd@126.com

Fund: The project was supported by the Foundation of Key Laboratory of Yangtze RiverWater Environment, Ministry of Education (Tongji University), China (YRWEF201503), Program of Ability Construction in Shanghai Local College, China (13230502300), Program of Supporting Young Teachers in Shanghai College, China (ZZSLG14015), and Shanghai Sailing Program, China (14YF1409900).

Cite this article: WANG Yin, SUN Feng-Ling, ZHANG Xiao-Dong, TAO Hong, YANG Yi-Qiong. Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Esterified Bacterial Celluloses to Effectively Remove Pb(II)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32 (3): 753-762.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201512294

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