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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2016,Vol.32>> Issue(4)>> 969-974     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201601061         中文摘要
Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of a Benzoquinone-Based Polymer Anode for Aqueous Lithium-Ion Batteries
CAI Li-Li1, WEN Yue-Hua2, CHENG Jie2, CAO Gao-Ping2, YANG Yu-Sheng1,2
1. Faculty of Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 110159, P. R. China;
2. Research Institute of Chemical Defence, Beijing 100191, P. R. China
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Using the tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone (TCQ) monomer, poly(benzoquinonyl sulfide) (PBQS) was synthesized by a simple polycondensation reaction. The influence of the molar ratio of S to Na2S on the electrochemical performance of a PBQS anode was assessed by changing the amount of S added. The results showed that the electrochemical performance of PBQS strongly depended on the molar ratio of S to Na2S. When the molar ratio of S to Na2S was 0.4, two Cl were replaced by S, and PBQS with a stable structure was obtained. The discharge capacity of PBQS exceeded 140 mAh·g-1. At the same time, PBQS displayed satisfactory rate capability and excellent cyclability. Conversely, when the molar ratio of S to Na2S was decreased to 0.25, Cl was not substituted completely and the polymerization degree was low. Upon increasing the molar ratio of S to Na2S to 0.7, an unstable S-S bond may form in the polymer. The above two factors degraded the electrode performance of these materials.



Keywords: Aqueous lithium-ion battery   Polycondensation   Poly(benzoquinonyl sulfide)   Mole ratio of S to Na2S   Electrochemical performance  
Received: 2015-09-25 Accepted: 2016-01-04 Publication Date (Web): 2016-01-06
Corresponding Authors: WEN Yue-Hua Email: wen_yuehua@126.com

Fund: The project was supported by the Beijing Key Laboratory of Advanced Chemical Energy Storage Technology and Material.

Cite this article: CAI Li-Li, WEN Yue-Hua, CHENG Jie, CAO Gao-Ping, YANG Yu-Sheng. Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of a Benzoquinone-Based Polymer Anode for Aqueous Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32 (4): 969-974.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201601061

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