ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2016,Vol.32>> Issue(5)>> 1143-1150     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201602184         中文摘要
Study of the Hydrated Structure of KCl and NaCl Mixed Solutions Using X-ray Diffraction and Raman Spectroscopy
YUAN Jun-Sheng1,3, LIU Zi-Yu2,3, LI Fei1,3, LI Shen-Yu1,3
1 School of Marine Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, P. R. China;
2 School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, P. R. China;
3 Engineering Research Center of Seawater Utilization Technology of Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300130, P. R. China
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Research on the hydrated structure of KCl and NaCl mixed solutions with a concentration range between 0 and 26% was conducted using X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy at 25 ℃. Their reduced structure functions, F(Q), and reduced pair distribution functions, G(r), obtained from X-ray diffraction indicate that compared with Na+, the hydration numbers and shell radii of the hydrated K+ ions are larger. This explains why the solubility of NaCl is higher than that of KCl at 25 ℃. According to the Raman spectroscopy, the tetrahedral hydrogen bonds of water molecules will be destroyed with the increase in KCl concentration and the decrease in NaCl concentration. The extent of the bond destruction has systematic variations; for example, increasing at first and then decreasing. These results show that the destruction of the hydrogen bond structure resulting from Na+ is more serious than from K+. Also, with the appropriate K+ content in the NaCl solution, Na+ will behave as a structure breaker instead of a structure maker, which enhances the destructiveness of the solution structure.

Keywords: X-ray diffraction   Raman spectroscopy   Potassium chloride   Sodium chloride   Solution structure  
Received: 2015-12-11 Accepted: 2016-02-17 Publication Date (Web): 2016-02-18
Corresponding Authors: YUAN Jun-Sheng Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the Basic Research Project of Applied Basic Research Plan of Hebei Province, China (13963103D), Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University, China (IRT14R14), and National Key Technology R&D Program, China (2015BAB09B00).

Cite this article: YUAN Jun-Sheng, LIU Zi-Yu, LI Fei, LI Shen-Yu. Study of the Hydrated Structure of KCl and NaCl Mixed Solutions Using X-ray Diffraction and Raman Spectroscopy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32 (5): 1143-1150.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201602184

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71. ZHONG Qi-ling ; ZHANG Xiao-hong; ZHOU Hai-Hui; WEN Zu-biao; YANG Xiong-yuan; HUANG Peng; REN Bin; TIAN Zhong-qun.In-situ SERS of Piperonal and Isosafrole Electrooxidation on Pt Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(10): 1182-1185
72. GONG Yan; WANG Wen-qing; LIU Hong-wen; DU Shi-xuan; GUO Hai-ming; WANG Ye-liang; GAO Hong-jun.Surface Recognition of the Space Group and Chiral Array on DL-valine Crystalline Structure Observed by AFM[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(08): 867-872
73. CHEN Ren-Jie;WU Feng.Spectroscopic Investigation of New Binary Molten Salt Electrolytes Based on LiClO4 with Acetamide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(02): 177-181
74. Zhong Qi-Ling;Zhang Bin;Zhang Lei;Yang Xiong-Yuan;Huang Peng.In-situ SERS of Dissociative Adsorption and Oxidation of Ethanol on Roughed Platinum Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(09): 1163-1166
75. Zhang Sheng-Mao;Zhang Chun-Li;Zhang Jing-Wei;Zhang Zhi-Jun;Dang Hong-Xin;Wu Zhi-Shen;Liu Wei-Min.Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles in Room Temperature Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(05): 554-556
76. Zhong Qi-Ling;Zhang Xiao-Hong;Su Xiao-Qiong;Zhang Lei;Liu Yue-Long;Ren Bin;Tian Zhong-Qun.The Investigation of Electro-oxidation Behavior and In-situ Surface Enhanced Raman Spectrum of Isosafrole on Rough Pt[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(01): 94-97
77. Dai Shu-Xi;Zhang Xing-Tang;Li Yun-Cai;Du Zu-Liang;Dang Hong-Xin.Surface Enhanced Raman Spectra of Lipid Langmuir Monolayers at the Air-Water Interface[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(12): 1123-1126
78. Liu Chen;Chen Feng-En;Zhang Jia-Xin;Shi Gao-Quan.Raman Spectroscopic Studies on Electrosynthesized Polyaniline Film[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(09): 810-814
79. Wang Xin-Qing;Wang Miao;Li Zhen-Hua;Zhu Hai-Bin;Wang Feng-Fei.Purification and Characterization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Produced by Arc-Discharge[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(05): 428-431
80. Li Rui-Hua;Jiang Zhan-Peng;Shi Shao-Qi;Yang Hong-Wei.Raman Spectroscopic Study of Effect of CaCl2 and MgCl2 on Structure of Water[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(02): 154-157
81. Li Wei-Hua;Lü Guo-Wei;Huang Lan;Gao Hong;Du Wei-Min.Aspirin Synthesis On-line Measurement by Raman Spectroscopy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(02): 105-108
82. Fang Liang;Zhang Hui;Yan Jun-Bing;Yang Wei-Ming.Structure and Dielectric Properties of New Tantalates Ba2LaTi2Ta3O15 (Ln=Y, La)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(01): 82-84
83. Yu Bin;Yang Zhan-Lan;Sun Ying;Weng Shi-Fu;Wu Jin-Guang.Interaction of Bile Salts with Calcium Phosphate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(12): 1076-1080
84. Huo Guo-Yan.Phase Diagram of Cr-Ni Binary System[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(12): 1093-1098
85. Zhou Xing-Fu;Han Ai-Jie;Chu Dao-Bao;Lin Chang-Jian;Tian Zhong-Qun.Preparation of Nanocrystalline NiO by Electrochemical Dissolution of Nickel[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(07): 613-616
86. Pan Xue-Min;Bian Xiu-Fang;Wang Li.Microstructure of Liquid CuAlNi Shape Memory Alloy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(06): 508-512
87. Shen He-Bai;Zhou Wen-Jun;Yang Hai-Feng;Yu Pei-Tao.Change of Adsorption State of Oligodeoxynucleotides on the Silver Electrode Surface with Change of Potential[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(06): 490-494
88. Teng Xin-Ying;Ye Yi-Fu;Shi Zhi-Qiang;Wang Huan-Rong;Qin Jing-Yu.Correlation between Liquid and Solid Structure of Fe68Si32 Alloy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(04): 336-339
89. Zhang Li;Cheng Hu-Min;Ma Ji-Ming.Preparation of NaCl Nanoparticles in Nonaqueous Reverse Microemulsion[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(01): 79-81
90. Wu Yu-Song;Li Jun;Huang Jian-Ying;Chen Ling;Dong Yan-Ming.Synthesis and Characterization of Lyotropic Liquid Crystalline of N-alkyl Chitosans[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(11): 1049-1052
91. Yan Wei;Wei Zhi-Xiang;Wang Li-Li;Dai Li-Zong;Tian Zhong-Qun.Electrochemical and insitu Raman Spectroscopic Studies of Poly{(pyrrole-2,5-diyl)[(p-N,N-dimethylamino)benzylidene]}[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(10): 908-912
92. Zhang Hui;Fang Liang;Yuan Run-Zhang.Structure and Dielectric Properties of A New Tantalate Ba3TiTa4O15[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(08): 747-749
93. Pan Xue-Min;Bian Xiu-Fang;Qin Jing-Yu;Wang Wei-Min.MediumRange Order Structure Clusters in Cu12%Al Elloys Melt[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(08): 708-712
94. Wei Zhong;Chen Yan;Liu Zhong-Fan.Preparation of Short Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes by CVDGrowth and by Chemical Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(08): 687-691
95. Fang Liang;Zhang Hui;Wu Bo-Lin;Yuan Run-Zhang.Structural and Dielectric Properties of a Niobate Ba3NaBiNb10O30[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(05): 457-459
96. Zhou Xing-Fu;Chu Dao-Bao;Han Ai-Jie;Gu Jia-Shan;Lin Chang-Jian;Tian Zhong-Qun;Tan Jian-Guang.Electrochemical Dissolution of Pure Titanium and Direct Hydrolysis for Preparation of Nanocrystalline TiO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(04): 367-371
97. Shui Miao;Yue Lin-Hai;Xu Zhe-De.Photocatalytic Activity of Iron Doping TiO2 Prepared by Several Methods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(03): 282-285
98. Zeng Yue, Yao Shi-Bing, Zhou Shao-Min.In Situ Surface Raman Spectroscopy Study of Electrodeposition Mechanism of Ni-P Alloys[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(02): 175-179
99. Shi Lei, Zhang Xiao-Gang, Zhang Xi-Feng, Yang Guan-Ying, Han Bu-Xing, Yan Hai-Ke.Study of Molecular lnteraction in Mixed Supercritical Fluids by Molecular Simulation and Partial Molar Volume Measurement[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(01): 31-35
100. Bian Guo-Zhu, Yin Ya-Dong, Fu Yi-Lu, Wu Zhong-Hua, Hu Tian-Dou, Liu Tao.Preparation and Crystallization of Nanosized Amorphous Nickel Sulfide by Using γ -irradiation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2000,16(01): 55-59
101. Cheng Wei, Zhang Ji-Yan, Wang Ri-Jie, Wang Ya-Quan, He Fei, Zhou Li.Properties of Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts and Interaection among their Ingredients[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1999,15(07): 647-651
102. Dong Wen-Sheng, Wang Xin-Kui, Wang Hao-Jing, Peng Shao-Yi.Effects of Steam on the Structure of Pt-Sn/ZnAl2O4 Catalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1999,15(04): 289-292
103. Niu Zhen-Jiang, Yao Shi-Bing, Zhou Shao-Min.In Situ Surface Raman Spectroscopy Study on Fe-Mo Alloy Induced-codeposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(12): 1074-1079
104. Zhong Qi-Ling, Wang Dun-Qing, Liu Feng-Ming, Su Xiao-Qiong, Shi Cai-Hui, Tian Zhong-Qun.Raman Spectroscopic Studies on Coadsorption of Thiourea with Various Electrolyte Anions at Silver Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(06): 562-568
105. Li Li-Xia, Zhang Xiao-Yang, Li Cui-Ping, Wang Ji-Yang.The Raman Spectrum of Lithium Diborate Crystal[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1998,14(02): 182-184
106. Xu Hai-Bo,Lin Hai-Chao,Yu Jia-Kang.SERS Study of Adsorption and Condensation Reaction of Urea on Silver Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1997,13(12): 1119-1122
107. Qi Xue-Yong,Wang Ya-Juan,Yang Kong-Zhang.XRD Studies on the Interaction between CrO3 and NaY、NaM Zeolites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1997,13(10): 938-941
108. Tang Zi-Chao,Ren Bin,Huang Rong-Bin,Tian Zhong-Qun,Zheng Lan-Sun.Collapsed Deposition of Accelerated C60 Beam on Solid Surfaces[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1997,13(06): 481-483
109. Meng Wu-Yi,Niu Xiu-Tian,Gui Lu-Lu,Lin Zheng-Jiong,Zhu Hong,Zhou Yuan-Cong,Li Gen.Cystallization and Preliminary Diffraction Data of Orthorhombic Crystal Form of Basic Phospholipase A2 from the Venom of Agkistrodon Halys Pallas[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1996,12(10): 946-949
110. Yu Jia-Kang,Dong Jun-Hua,Cao Chu-Nan,Lin Hai-Chao.SERS and Quantum Chemistry Studies of Adsorption of Thiourea and Ethylthiourea on Silver Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1996,12(09): 856-860
111. Mou Chun-Bo,He Tian-Jing,Wang Xiu-Yan,Liu Fan-Zhen,Jiang Ji-Sen,Chen Long-Wu.Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering(SERS) from H2TSPP and Ag(II)TSPP Adsorbed on Uniform Fe3O4 Colloids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1996,12(09): 841-844
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114. Zhao Bing, YUAN Chun-Bei, Zhao Da-Qing, Ni Jia-Zuang.Study of FT-Raman Spectroscopy on the Effects of Lanthanide Ions and Their Complexes on the Fluidity of Dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine Bilayer[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1995,11(05): 429-432
115. Zhang Yu-Fen, Lin Qin.Structure and Properties on n-Type T'-214 Phase Superconductors[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1995,11(03): 228-233
116. Yan Peng-Quan, Guo Rong, Shen Ming, Zhu Xia-Shi.The Preparation of Water-soluble Fine Particles KCl in the Triton X-100/C10H21OH/H2O Lamellar Liquid Crystal[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1995,11(03): 218-222
117. Fang Ye, Bai Chun-Li, Wang Ting, Wei Ying, Zhang Ping-Cheng, Tang You-Qi.The Near Infrared Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy of Triplex DNA dA10 2DT10[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1995,11(01): 66-70
118. Tian Zhong-Qun, Li Wu-Hu, Mu Ji-Qian, Mao Bing-Wei, Chen Jie-Guang, Zhuo Xiang-Dong, Zheng Wei, Wang Duo, Yan En-Rou.A Combined System of Raman-STM and Preliminary Tests[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1994,10(12): 1062-1065
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120. Huang Shi-Ping, Ma Yan-Hui, Tang Bo, Xu Hua, Chen Nian-Yi.Molecular Dynamics Study of NaCl-NaBr Melt[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1994,10(11): 1045-1048
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123. Li Li-Xia; Wang Ji-Yang; Yuan Duo-Rong; Qin Shi-Ying; Yu Hui; Zheng Ying.Raman Spectra of Triallylthiourea Cadmium Bromide Crystal[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1992,8(05): 677-680
124. Guo Rong; Zhu Xia-Shi; Yan Peng-Quan.The Liquid Crystal Structure Between System SDS/Decanol/Glycerol and SDS/Decanol/Formamide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1992,8(05): 664-667
125. Liu De-Wen; Mo Shu-Cheng; Chen Zhao-Zong.A Study on the Structure and Luminescent Properties of (Sr1-x,Eux)B4O7[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1992,8(05): 702-706
126. Ren Ji-Min; Niu Chun-Ji; Pei Feng-Kui; Wang Wen-Yun; Ni Jia-Zuan.13C and 1H NMR Studies of Solution Structure of Lanthanide Complex with Glycyl-Glycine[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1992,8(02): 270-273
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128. Wang Wei; Li Lai-Ming; Xi Shi-Quan.Study on Low-Frequency Raman Spectra of n-Decylammonium Chloride[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1992,8(01): 18-21
129. Guo Rong.The Effects of Chain Length of Straight Chain Alcohol on the Strucutre and Stability of Lamellar Liquid Crystal[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1991,7(06): 703-707
130. Yao Song-Nian; Cao Lian-Xin.SAXS Study of the Structure of Liquid Crystal of 5%H2O-PC in Benzene, Methylbenzene and Chlorobenzene[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1991,7(01): 113-116
131. JIANG Tao, TIAN Jie, WANG Ning, PENG Shu-Ming, LI Mei, HAN Wei, ZHANG Mi-Lin.Study on Preparation of Mg-Zr Alloy in Molten KCl-K2ZrF6-KF-ZrO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
132. JIANG Tao, TIAN Jie, WANG Ning, PENG Shu-Ming, LI Mei, HAN Wei, ZHANG Mi-Lin.Electrochemical Behavior of La (III) in Molten LiCl-KCl-LaCl3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0,(): 0-0
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