ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2016,Vol.32>> Issue(11)>> 2663-2670     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201607292         中文摘要
Evaluation of the Walden Product of Ionic Liquids Using Experiments and a New Theory: An Ion Exchange Transition Model
ZHENG Ling1, PAN Yi1, JI Hong-Xiang1, MA Xiao-Xue1,3, XING Nan-Nan1, GUAN Wei1,2
1 College of Chemistry, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, P. R. China;
2 School of Environmental Science, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, P. R. China;
3 Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
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A new theory has been developed to evaluate the Walden product, W, of ionic liquids using an ion exchange transition model. This model showed that the product (Walden) of molar conductivity and dynamic viscosity is related to the average diameters of the ion pairs and ion clusters of ionic liquids (ILs) with 1:1 charge ratios, namely, different ILs have different W values. Several experiments were conducted to evaluate the validity of this model. Eight different ILs, including five N-alkyl-pyridinium dicyanamide ILs[Cnpy] [DCA] (n=2-6) and three N-alkyl-3-methyllimidazolium serine ILs[Cnmim] [Ser] (n=2-4) were successfully synthesized and evaluated in terms of their conductivity and dynamic viscosity properties. The W values of 33 different ILs were calculated based on their experimentally determined molar conductivity and dynamic viscosity values, and the results revealed that these values were consistent with those of the ion exchange transition model. Taken together, these results demonstrate that W is a key physical parameter for ILs.

Keywords: Ionic liquid   Conductivity   Viscosity   Transition model   Walden product  
Received: 2016-06-14 Accepted: 2016-07-28 Publication Date (Web): 2016-07-29
Corresponding Authors: GUAN Wei, MA Xiao-Xue Email:;

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21373104, 21273003) and Program for Liaoning Excellent Talents in University, China (LR2015025).

Cite this article: ZHENG Ling, PAN Yi, JI Hong-Xiang, MA Xiao-Xue, XING Nan-Nan, GUAN Wei. Evaluation of the Walden Product of Ionic Liquids Using Experiments and a New Theory: An Ion Exchange Transition Model[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32 (11): 2663-2670.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201607292

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57. GAO Li-Xia, WANG Li-Na, QI Tao, YU Jiang.Preparation of Ni and Ni-Al Alloys from 2AlCl3/Et3NHCl Ionic Liquid by Electrodeposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(01): 111-120
58. LIU Qing-Shan, YAN Pei-Fang, YANG Miao, TAN Zhi-Cheng, LI Chang-Ping, WELZ-BIERMANN Urs.Dynamic Viscosity and Conductivity of Ionic Liquids [Cnpy][NTf2] (n=2, 4, 5)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(12): 2762-2766
59. LIU Ling-Ling, DING Lei, XU Li, QIAO Jin-Li, SHENG Jia-Wei.Synthesis and Properties of Chemically Cross-Linked Poly(vinyl alcohol) Modified Quaterized Hydroxyethylcellulose Ethoxylate as Novel Alkaline Anion-Exchange Membrane[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(11): 2665-2670
60. HOU Hai-Yun, HUANG Yin-Rong, WANG Sheng-Ze, BAI Bo-Feng.Preparation and Physicochemical Properties of Imidazolium Acetates and the Conductivities of Their Aqueous and Ethanol Solutions[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(11): 2512-2520
61. SHI Ji-Fu, WAN Qing-Cui, XU Gang, XU Xue-Qing, FAN Ye.Influence of Temperature on the Properties of Polysulfide Electrolyte and Quantum Dot Sensitized Solar Cells[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(10): 2360-2366
62. LI Wei, QI Chuan-Song, WU Xin-Min, RONG Hua, GONG Liang-Fa.Relationship between Melting Point and the Interaction Energy of Alkyl Imidazolium Tetrafluoroborate Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(09): 2059-2064
63. FU Su-Zhen, CHEN Qing-De, SHEN Xing-Hai.Aggregation Behavior of 1-Alkyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate Ionic Liquids in Aqueous Solutions[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(08): 1913-1918
64. ZHAO Xing, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, QIU Xiang-Yun, XU Shou-Dong, SHI Yue-Li, CUI Yong-Li.Electrochemical Performance of Cr2O3/TiO2 Composite Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(07): 1666-1672
65. LIU Yu-Sheng, FU Hai-Ying, TANG Zhong-Feng, HUANG Wei, WU Guo-Zhong.Melting Point and Structure of Ionic Liquid [EMIM][PF6] on the Surface of Nano-SiOx Particles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(07): 1725-1729
66. LONG Jin-Xing, GUO Bin, LI Xue-Hui, WANG Fu-Rong, WANG Le-Fu.Catalytic Decomposition of Cellulose in Cooperative Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(05): 995-999
67. ZHU Guang-Lai, WU Guo-Zhong, CUI Zhi-Feng, XU Xin-Sheng.Transient Absorption Spectroscopy of the Effects of the Ionic Liquid [bmim][BF4] on the Photochemical Reactions of Benzil[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 971-976
68. CHEN Hong, LI Er-Xiao, YE Zhong-Bin, HAN Li-Juan, LUO Ping-Ya.Interaction of Hydrophobically Associating Polyacrylamide with Gemini Surfactant[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 671-676
69. ZHANG Qi-Bo, HUA Yi-Xin.Effect of Alkylimidazolium Ionic Liquids on the Corrosion Inhibition of Copper in Sulfuric Acid Solution[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(03): 655-663
70. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia, ZHANG Jin-Qiu.Cathodic and Thermal Stabilities of the P(VdF-HFP)-Based Ionic Liquid Composite Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 78-84
71. ZHANG Qi-Bo, HUA Yi-Xin.Effect of the Ionic Liquid Additive-[BMIM]HSO4 on the Kinetics of Oxygen Evolution during Zinc Electrowinning[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 149-155
72. ZHANG Li-Qun, LI Hao-Ran.Progress of Investigations on Structures and Interactions of Ionic Liquids by Infrared Spectroscopy and Raman Spectroscopy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(11): 2877-2889
73. FU Jing, LIN Rui, LüHong, WANG Xiao-Lei, MA Jian-Xin, QIAO Jin-Li.Preparation and Properties of Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) Composites for Solid Alkaline Electrolyte Membranes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(10): 2653-2658
74. ZHAO Jian-Xi.Conductivity for the Investigation of Ionic Surfactants in an AqueousSolution and Some Characteristic Parameters[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(10): 2589-2596
75. PAN Shan-Fei, HU Gui-Xiang, LV Yang, ZOU Jian-Wei, YU Qing-Sen.QSPRModel Analysis on the Solubility of Organic Compounds in Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2494-2502
76. HU Jia-Qi, KUANG Ya-Fei, ZHOU Hai-Hui, SUN Lu, HAN Xue, ZHANG Ning-Shuang, CHEN Jin-Hua.Conductivity of AOT/Triton X-100 Mixed Reverse Micelles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2205-2210
77. CAO Hai, JIANG Jian, ZHU Xue-Feng, DUAN Peng-Fei, LIU Ming-Hua.Interfacial Assembly of Diethyl Ester Glutamic Acid Terminated Bolaamphiphile at the Air/Water Interface: Chiral Interaction and Morphology[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(07): 1842-1846
78. LIU Qing-Shan, YANG Miao, TAN Zhi-Cheng, WELZ-BIERMANN Urs.Estimation and Prediction of the Physicochemical Properties of Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1463-1467
79. LIANG Rui, YANG Mei-Rong, ZHOU Qing-Xiang.Thermal Stability, Equilibrium Vapor Pressure and Standard Enthalpy of Vaporization of 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1468-1472
80. ZHAO Di, HUANG Qing, JIN Xian-Bo, WEI Xian-Jun, CHEN George Z..Capacitance at the Electrode/Ionic Liquid Interface[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1239-1248
81. NING De-Zheng, ZHOU De-Feng, XIA Yan-Jie, ZHAO Gui-Chun, MENG Jian.Structure and Electrical Properties of MgO-Doped Ce0.9Sm0.1O2-δ Based Solid Electrolytes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1202-1206
82. LI Xue-Liang, CHEN Jie-Jie, LUO Mei, CHEN Xiang-Ying, LI Pei-Pei.Quantum Chemical Calculation of Hydroxyalkyl Ammonium Functionalized Ionic Liquids for Absorbing SO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1364-1372
83. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia.Preparation of an Ionic Liquid Gel Polymer Electrolyte and Its Compatibility with a LiFePO4 Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1233-1238
84. WANG Wei, LV Rong, YU An-Chi.Low Frequency Spectrumof Ionic Liquid [bmim][PF6] Studied by Femtosecond Optically Heterodyne-Detected Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy and Low Frequency Raman Spectroscopy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(04): 964-970
85. YUAN Li-Yong, PENG Jing, LI Jiu-Qiang, ZHAI Mao-Lin.Radiation-Induced Changes of Phase Behavior and Fluorescence Properties of the Ionic Liquids [C4mim][PF6] and [C4mim][NTf2][J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(04): 981-987
86. YUAN Xiao, LOU Shu-Jie, KOU Yuan.Ionic Liquid and Water: Making Nanoparticle Catalysis More Efficient and Greener[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(04): 908-914
87. JIANG Liu-Feng, ZHONG Chuan-Rong, XU Min, PENG Xiu-Hua.Solution Properties and Microstructure of Branched Acrylamide-Based Copolymers[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 535-540
88. WANG Wei-Bin, YIN Jian-Zhong, SUN Li-Hua, FENG En-Min.Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Thermodynamic Properties for CO2/Ionic Liquid Systems[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(11): 2291-2295
89. WU Yang, ZHANG Tian-Tian, YU Ning.Interaction between 1-Ethyl-3-Methyl-Imidazolium Cation and Asparagine Anion[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1689-1696
90. XIA Yan-Jie, ZHOU De-Feng, MENG Jian.Synthesis, Characterization and Electrical Properties of (Ce 0.9Nd0.1)1-xMoxO2-δ(0.00≤x≤0.10)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(07): 1415-1420
91. ZHAI Cui-Ping, LIU Xue-Jun, ZHAO Yang, WANG Jian-Ji.NMR Study on the Aggregation of [C4mim][BF4] in D2O and CDCl3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(06): 1185-1189
92. YAN Bo, ZHAO Lin, WANG Wen-Hua, TAN Xin.NMR and Viscosity Coefficients of CuCl2 and CuSO4 and Their Relationship to Water Structure[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 684-688
93. YANG Ji-Sheng, CHEN Sheng-Bi, FANG Yun.Effect of Surfactants on the Shear Viscosity of Dilute Aqueous Solutions of Sodium Alginate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 752-756
94. YAN Chao-Qun, WAN Hui, GUAN Guo-Feng.Prediction of Melting Points for 1,3-Disubstituent Imidazolium Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2198-2202
95. WANG Xiao-Lu; WAN Hui; GUAN Guo-Feng.Structure and Interaction of Ion-Pairs of [EPy]Cl and [EPy]Br in Gas and Liquid Phases[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(11): 2077-2082
96. YANG Pei-Xia; AN Mao-Zhong; SU Cai-Na; WANG Fu-Ping.Electrodeposition Behaviors of Pure Cobalt in Ionic Liquid[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(11): 2032-2036
97. ZHENG Yong-Jun; ELI Wumanjiang.Phase Behavior of Tween80/BmimPF6/Alcohol/Toluene Systems[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(11): 2143-2148
98. CHEN Yu; WANG Zhong-Li; YU Chun-Yang; XIA Ding-Guo; WU Zi-Yu.Electrochemical Properties of Mo-Doped LiFePO4 Cathode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(08): 1498-1502
99. ZHANG Xu-Zhi; JIAO Kui.Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and RoomTemperature Ionic Liquid Composite Film Modified Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(08): 1439-1444
100. ZHAO Xia; OU Xiu-Qin; LIANG Guang-Chuan; WANG Li; XU Sheng-Zhao.Effect of Pyrolytic Reaction Conditions on Surface Free Energy of LiFePO4/C Composite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1326-1328
101. GAO Li-Xia; WANG Li-Na; QI Tao; LI Yu-Ping; CHU Jing-Long; QU Jing-Kui.Electrodeposition of Aluminium from AlCl3/Et3NHCl Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(06): 939-944
102. ZHENG Gen-Wen; GONG Chun-Li; WEN Sheng; XIE Xiao-Lin.Preparation and Performances of Sulfonated Poly(ether imide) and Poly (ether sulfone) Blends for Proton Exchange Membrane[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(05): 855-860
103. LI Wei; RONG Hua; WU Xin-Min; CHEN Zhong-Yuan.Microwave Synthesis, Characterization and Theoretical Study of para-Toluenesulfonic Acid Threonine Salt and Its Ester Derivatives[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(05): 868-872
104. JIANG Jun; BIAN Jiang; LI Le-Min.Theoretical Assignments of the Optical Conductivity and Energy-loss Function Spectra of EuB6[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(01): 1-7
105. SUN Guo-Hua; LI Kai-Xi; FAN Hui; GU Jian-Yu; LI Qiang; LIU Yue.Eelectrochemical Performance of Capacitors Using [BMIm]BF4/Fc as Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(01): 103-108
106. ZHANG Lan; ZHANG Shi-Chao.Preparation and Characterization of Poly(acrylonitrile-methoxy polyethylene glycol (350) monoacrylate-lithium acrylate)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1943-1947
107. LEI Sheng; ZHANG Jing; HUANG Jian-Bin.Promotion of the Surface Activity and Aggregation Ability of Sodium Dodecylsulfate in Aqueous Solution by Ionic Liquid 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium Tetrafluoroborate[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(11): 1657-1661
108. MA Chun-An; WANG Xiao-Juan; LI Guo-Hua; LI Mei-Chao; CHEN Song.Electroreduction Characteristics of Nitromethane in Ionic Liquid BMImBF4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(11): 1719-1722
109. CHEN Guo; YAO Shan-Jing; FANG Bai-Shan; PENG Yi-Qiang.Effect of Additives on Characteristics of Polyelectrolyte Complex Membrane and Exploration of Related Mechanism[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(09): 1415-1420
110. WANG Jin-Bo; MING Fang-Yong; JIANG Wei-Dong; FAN Guang-Yin; LIU De-Rong; CHEN Hua; LI Xian-Jun.Asymmetric Hydrogenation of Acetophenone and Its Derivatives Catalyzed by Ruthenium Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquid Media[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(09): 1381-1386
111. SUN Wei; GAO Rui-Fang; WANG Dan-Dan; JIAO Kui.Direct Electrochemistry of Hemoglobin at Room Temperature Ionic Liquid [BMIM]PF6 Modified Carbon Paste Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(08): 1247-1251
112. ZHANG Ji-Fu; SANG Shang-Bin; WU Qiu-Mei; LIAO Yu-Gen.Preparation and Characterization of the Composite Alkaline Polymer Electrolyte Based on PVA-Bentonite-KOH-H2O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1136-1140
113. YAN Zhi-Ying; WU Li-Yan; SUN Gui-Xiang; ZHANG Ning; ZHENG Wen-Jun.Structural Characterization of Nanocrystalline TiO2 fromIonic Liquid-Water Solvent Mixture and Its Photocatalytic Activity[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1032-1036
114. LI Shu; LIU Lei; CAO Zhen; WANG Ji-Qiang; YAN Tian-Ying.Molecular Dynamics Simulation on a Eutectic Systemof LiTFSI/Urea[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 983-986
115. YANG Ya-Jie; JIANG Ya-Dong; XU Jian-Hua.Preparation and Properties of Conducting Polymeric Ultrathin Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 484-488
116. MA Chun-An; CHEN Song; CHU You-Qun; MAO Xin-Biao.Electrochemical Reduction of Nitrobenzene in Ionic Liquid BMimBF4-H2O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 575-580
117. CHEN Ren-Jie; WU Feng; LI Li; QIU Xin-Ping; CHEN Shi.Binary Molten Salt Electrolytes Based on LiClO4 and 2-oxazolidinone[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 554-558
118. DENG Hui-Ning;WANG Yu-Xin .Sulfonated Poly(phthalazinones) Membranes For Direct Methanol Fuel Cell[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(02): 187-191
119. LIN Qi;FU Hai-Yan;YUAN Mao-Lin;CHEN Hua;LI Xian-Jun.Carbonylation of Aryl Halide Catalyzed by Active-carbon Supported Ionic Liquid-phase Palladium Catalyst[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(10): 1272-1276
120. LI Xue-Hui;JIANG Yan-Bin;ZHANG Lei;LI Rong.Synthesis and Characterization of N-ester Appended Pyridine Task-specific Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(06): 747-751
121. WU Ling-Li;WANG Shi-Zhong;LIANG Ying.Comparison between the Electrical Conductivities of La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O3 and La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.15Co0.05O3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(05): 574-578
122. Ding Yun-Sheng;Wang Seng-Shan;Zha Min;Wang Zhi-Gang.Adsorption and Aggregative Structures of an Organic Cation [C18mim] of the Ionic Liquid in the Interlayer of Montmorillonite[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(05): 548-551
123. LI Xue-Hui;ZHANG Lei;WANG Le-Fu;TANG Ying-Biao.Characterization of N-carboxyl Appended Pyridine Task-Specific Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(04): 430-435
124. PENG Chun-Yu;ZHOU Hai-Hui;ZENG Wei;JIAO Shu-Qiang;LUO Sheng-Lian;KUANG Ya-Fei.Studies on the Conductivity of Reverse Microemulsion[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(04): 409-413
125. LIN Qi;FU Hai-Yan;XUE Fang;YUAN Mao-Lin;CHEN Hua;LI Xian-Jun.Hydroformylation of Long-chain Olefins Catalyzed by Rhodium-Phosphine Complexes in New Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(04): 465-469
126. ZHAI Cui-Ping;WANG Jian-Ji;XUAN Xiao-Peng;WANG Han-Qing.NMR Study on the Interactions of Ionic Liquid with Acetone[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(04): 456-459
127. GENG Wei-guo; LI Xue-hui; WANG Le-fu; DUAN Hong-li; PAN Wei-ping.Acidic Characterization of Polycarboxyl Imidazolium Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(02): 230-233
128. TONG Jing; ZHANG Qing-guo; HONG Mei; YANG Jia-zhen.Thermodynamic Properties of Ionic Liquid BMIAlCl4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(01): 71-75
129. ZHANG Xiao-guang; DONG Jin-feng; ZHANG Gao-yong; ZHOU Xiao-hai; HONG Xinlin.The Effect of Organic Salts on the Conductance of the Water/AOT/Alkanol W/O Microemulsion[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(01): 22-27
130. WU Xiao-ping; LIU Zhi-ping; WANG Wen-chuan.Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Gas Solubility in Room Temperature Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(10): 1138-1142
131. WU Xiao-ping; LIU Zhi-ping.Computer Simulation Study of the Mixtures of Room Temperature Ionic Liquid [bmim][BF4] and Water[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(09): 1036-1041
132. CAO Jie-ming; WANG Jun; FANG Bao-qing; ZHENG Ming-bo; LU Hong-xia; CHANG Xin; WANG Hai-yan.Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanomaterials with Different Morphologies in Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(06): 668-672
133. PAN Xu; DAI Song-yuan; WANG Kong-jia; SHI Cheng-wu; GUO Li.Development and Application of Electrolyte based on Ionic Liquid in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(06): 697-702
134. WANG Yong; LI Hao-Ran; WU Tao; WANG Cong-Min; HAN Shi-Jun.Reaction Mechanism Study for the Synthesis of Alkylimidazolium-based Halide Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(05): 517-522
135. WANG Xiao-Hua; TAO Guo-Hong; WU Xiao-Mu; KOU Yuan.Investigation of the Acidity of Ionic Liquids by IR Spectroscopy[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(05): 528-533
136. CAI Cheng-Dong; ZHOU Jian-Zhang; QI Li; XI Yan-Yan; LAN Bi-Bo; WU Ling-Ling; LIN Zhong-Hua.Conductance of a Single Conducting Polyaniline Nanowire[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(04): 343-346
137. PU Min; CHEN Biao-Hua; LI Hui-Ying; LIU Kun-Hui.DFT Studies on Reaction Mechanism of the Double Bond Isomerization of Butene Catalyzed by 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium of the Ionic Liquid (II)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(04): 383-387
138. LI Xue-Li; GUO Juan; WU Qiang; CHENG Yan; LONG Ying-Cai; JIANG Zhi-Yu.Research on the Enhanced Conductivity of Poly(ethylene oxide) Electrolyte by Adding Zeolite Li-FER[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(04): 397-401
139. Li Xue-Hui; Zhang Lei; Li Qiong; Geng Wei-Guo; Ye Yu-Jia; Wang Le-Fu.TGA-FTIR Study of 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium Bromide Ionic Liquid[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(12): 1465-1468
140. Zhang Zhi-Heng; Guan Wei; Yang Jia-Zhen; Tan Zhi-Cheng; Sun Li-Xian.The Standard Molar Enthalpy of Formation of Room Temperature Ionic Liquid EMIES[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(12): 1469-1471
141. Deng Hui-Ning;Li Lei;Xu Li;Wang Yu-Xin.Comparison on Properties of Membranes for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(11): 1372-1375
142. Piao Ling-Yu;Han Yang;Kou Yuan.The Reuse of Acidic Ionic Liquids as Catalysts in Diphenyl Oxide Alkylation with Dodecene[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(09): 1083-1088
143. Pu Min;Liu Kun-Hui;Li Hui-Ying;Chen Biao-Hua.DFT Studies on Reaction Mechanism of the Double Bond Isomerization of Butene Catalyzed by 1-ethyl-3-methyl-lmidazolium of the Ionic Liquid[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(08): 826-830
144. Han Li-Juan;Chen Hong;Luo Ping-Ya.The Viscosity Behavior of Gemini Surfactants[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(07): 763-766
145. Zhang Sheng-Mao;Zhang Chun-Li;Zhang Jing-Wei;Zhang Zhi-Jun;Dang Hong-Xin;Wu Zhi-Shen;Liu Wei-Min.Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles in Room Temperature Ionic Liquids[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(05): 554-556
146. Chen Ren-Jie;Wu Feng;Liang Hong-Ying;Mao Li-Cai.Binary Molten Salt Electrolytes Based on LiClO4 with Acetamide or Ethyleneurea[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(03): 323-326
147. Kang Wan-Li;Zhang Hong-Yan;Li Dao-Shan;Wu Zhao-Liang;Li Ming-Yuan;Gao Hui-Mei.The Action Mechanism of Demulsifiers at Model O/W Interfacial Film[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(02): 194-198
148. Zhao Chang-Wei;Ma Pei-Sheng;Zhu Chun-Ying;Zhao Shu-Zhi.Volumetric Properties of L-threonine in Aqueous Glucose, Sucrose and L-ascorbic Acid Solutions[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(01): 15-20
149. Chen Hong;Han Li-Juan;Xu Peng;Luo Ping-Ya.The Thickening Mechanism Study of Hydrophobically Modified Polyacrylamide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(11): 1020-1024
150. Zhou Jian-Fang;Zhang Li-Ming;Peter S. Hui.Rheological Characteristics of Aqueous Solutions of an Amphoteric Guar Gum Derivative[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(11): 1081-1084
151. Li Yu-Hong;Zhao Kong-Shuang;Hikida Takumi.Dielectric Spectroscopy and Its Analysis for the System of Reverse Osmosis Membrane UTC-70 in Aqueous Solution[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(06): 523-527
152. Zhang Hui;Zhang Bing-Jian;Liang Shi-Qiang;Lu Ying-Hong;Hu Wen-Xuan.Shear Viscosity of Simple Fluids in Porous Media: Molecular Dynamic Simulations and Correlation Models[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 352-355
153. Wang Jin-Zhong;Zhao Yan;Zhang Cai-Bei.Synthesis of Ordered Mesoporous TiO2 on a Composite Surfactant Template[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(03): 251-255
154. Zhang Li;Zhang Dong-Bai;Ma Ji-Ming;Cheng Hu-Min;Qi Li-Min.The Solubilization and Conductivity Properties of Nonaqueous Reverse Microemulsion[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(02): 120-124
155. Bian Feng-Ling;Liu Ming-Zhu.The Temperature Dependence of the Viscosity of Poly (N,N-diethylacrylamide) Solutions[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(09): 776-780
156. Wang Yu;He Feng-Rong;Liu Guan-Kun;Chen Liu-Ping;Tong Ye-Xiang.Electrical Conductivity of Four Neodymium Salts in Dimethylformamide[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(09): 850-854
157. Deng Dong-Shun;Li Hao-Ran;Liu Di-Xia;Han Shi-Jun.Simultaneous Correlation of Viscosity and 1H NMR Chemical Shift Data for DMFmethanol System[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(07): 657-660
158. Zhang Jian;Xie Xu-Ming;Li Zhuo-Mei;Zhang Li-Ming;Li Jian;Luo Ping-Ya.Influence of Surfactants on Solution Viscosity of Cellulosic Graft Copolymer[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(05): 455-458
159. Xu Hua;Shao Jun.Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Fast Li Conduction in Fluoroborate Glasses[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(01): 10-13
160. Li Ying;Gong Jiang-Hong;Tang Zi-Long;Xie Yu-Sheng.Temperature-Independent Activation Energy for Ionic Conduction of Zirconia Based Solid Electrolytes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(09): 792-796
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