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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (1): 9-17    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201609202
FEATURE ARTICLE     
Core-Shell Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Qiao-Wan CHANG,Fei XIAO,Yuan XU,Min-Hua SHAO*
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Abstract  

The high cost of platinum in catalyst layers hinders the commercialization of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. This Account reviews recent progress on core-shell nanostructures for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acidic media, which is the cathodic reaction in fuel cells. The synthesis, characterization and evaluation of different types of core-shell electrocatalysts are summarized. Various strategies to improve the performance of core-shell electrocatalysts, including dealloying, morphology control, and surface modification are presented. The issues of mass production and fuel cell performance of core-shell electrocatalysts are also discussed.



Key wordsCore-shell structure      Proton exchange membrane fuel cell      Electrocatalysis      Platinum alloy      Palladium      Shape control     
Received: 02 August 2016      Published: 20 September 2016
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  The project was supported by the Research Grant Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China(26206115)
Corresponding Authors: Min-Hua SHAO   
Cite this article:

Qiao-Wan CHANG,Fei XIAO,Yuan XU,Min-Hua SHAO. Core-Shell Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca, 2017, 33(1): 9-17.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201609202     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2017/V33/I1/9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Core materialPt mass activity (RDE/MEA)/(A·mg-1Specific activity/(mA·cm-2)Batch sizeMethod
dealloyed PdCu NPs 482.81.18RDEelectrochemical dealloying and
Cu-mediated-Pt displacement
dealloyed PdNi NPs 411.9RDEelectrochemical dealloying and
Cu-mediated-Pt displacement
dealloyed PdNi NPs 411.40.93gramelectrochemical dealloying and
Cu-mediated-Pt displacement
Au NPs 381.20.51RDECu-mediated-Pt displacement
Pd octahedra 442.20.93RDECu-mediated-Pt displacement
Pd cubes 440.640.27RDECu-mediated-Pt displacement
Pd NPs 500.950.6gramCu-mediated-Pt displacement
Pd octahedra @Au NPs 472.6RDECu-mediated-Pt displacement
Pd cubes@Au NPs 472.0RDECu-mediated-Pt displacement
Pd NPs (octahedral Pt2.5Ni shell 14)2.51.5RDEoleic acid and oleylamine at 200 ℃
 
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