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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2017,Vol.33>> Issue(1)>> 211-241     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201610111         中文摘要
Recent Developments in Cathode Materials for Na Ion Batteries
FANG Yong-Jin1, CHEN Zhong-Xue2, AI Xin-Ping1, YANG Han-Xi1, CAO Yu-Liang1
1 College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China;
2 School of Power and Mechanical Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China
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Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) have attracted increasing attention for energy storage systems because of abundant and low cost sodium resources. However, the large ionic radius of sodium and its slow electrochemical kinetics are the main obstacles for the development of suitable electrodes for high-performance SIBs. The development of high-performance cathode materials is the key to improving the energy density of SIBs and facilitating their commercialization. Herein, we review the latest advances and progress of cathode materials for SIBs, including transition metal oxides, polyanions, ferrocyanides, organic materials and polymers, and amorphous materials. Additionally, we have summarized our previous works in this area, explore the relationship between structure and electrochemical performance, and discuss effective ways to improve the reversibility, working potential and structural stability of these cathode materials.



Keywords: Sodium ion battery   Cathode material   Development   Sodium storage reaction   Electrochemical reaction mechanism  
Received: 2016-08-09 Accepted: 2016-10-10 Publication Date (Web): 2016-10-11
Corresponding Authors: CAO Yu-Liang Email: ylcao@whu.edu.cn

Fund: The project was supported by the National Key Research Program of China (2016YFB0901501) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (21373155, 21333007, 21273090).

Cite this article: FANG Yong-Jin, CHEN Zhong-Xue, AI Xin-Ping, YANG Han-Xi, CAO Yu-Liang. Recent Developments in Cathode Materials for Na Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33 (1): 211-241.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201610111

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22. WU Yue, LIU Xing-Quan, ZHANG Zheng, ZHAO Hong-Yuan.Preparation and Characterization of M(Ⅱ) and M(Ⅳ) Iso-Molar Co-Doped LiMn1.9Mg0.05Ti0.05O4 Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(12): 2283-2290
23. ZHENG Jie-Yun, WANG Rui, LI Hong.Fabrication and Electrochemical Behavior of a Pure-Phase Li2MnO3 Thin Film for Cathode Material of Li-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(10): 1855-1860
24. HUANG Zong-Ling, WANG Li-Ping, MOU Cheng-Xu, LI Jing-Ze.Magnesium Terephthalate as an Organic Anode Material for Sodium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(10): 1787-1793
25. SU Chang, HUANG Qi-Fei, XU Li-Huan, ZHANG Cheng.Preparation and Performances of C-LiFePO4/Polytriphenylamine Composite as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(1): 88-94
26. CHEN Qiang, NULI Yan-Na, GUOWei, YANG Jun, WANG Jiu-Lin, GUO Yu-Guo.PTMA/Graphene as a Novel Cathode Material for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29(11): 2295-2299
27. ZHONG Yan-Jun, LI Jun-Tao, WU Zhen-Guo, ZHONG Ben-He, GUO Xiao-Dong, HUANG Ling, SUN Shi-Gang.Synthesis of Na2MnPO4F/C with Different Carbon Sources and Their Performances as Cathode for Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29(09): 1989-1997
28. CAO Yan-Bing, LUO Liang, DU Ke, PENG Zhong-Dong, HU Guo-Rong, JIANG Feng.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of LiFe1-xNbxPO4/C Composite Cathode Material by Two-Step Synthesis Route[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29(07): 1507-1514
29. YUAN Zhi-Hong, MA Jun, CHEN Xing, LIU Kai-Yu.P123-Assisted Rheological Phase Reaction Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of Li3V2(PO4)3/C Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(12): 2898-2904
30. SUN Xiao-Fei, XU You-Long, LIU Yang-Hao, LI Lu.Optimizing the Hydrothermal Synthesis of Micro-Sized Olivine LiFePO4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(12): 2885-2892
31. LI Jie-Bin, XU You-Long, DU Xian-Feng, SUN Xiao-Fei, XIONG Li-Long.Improved Electrochemical Stability of Zn-Doped LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(08): 1899-1905
32. CAO Yan-Bing, DUAN Jian-Guo, JIANG Feng, HU Guo-Rong, PENG Zhong-Dong, DU Ke.Synthesis of LiFePO4 Cathode Materials by Mechanical-Activation-Assisted Polyol Processing[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(05): 1183-1188
33. XIONG Li-Long, XU You-Long, ZHANG Cheng, TAO Tao.Doping-Coating Surface Modification of Spinel LiMn2O4 Cathode Material with Al3+ for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(05): 1177-1182
34. WANG Zhao, WU Feng, SU Yue-Feng, BAO Li-Ying, CHEN Lai, LI Ning, CHEN Shi.Preparation and Characterization of xLi2MnO3·(1-x)Li[Ni1/3Mn1/3Co1/3]O2 Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(04): 823-830
35. ZHAO Lei, WANG An-Bang, WANG Wei-Kun, YU Zhong-Bao, CHEN Shi, YANG Yu-Sheng.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Aminoanthraquinone Derivative as Cathode Materials in Rechargeable Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(03): 596-602
36. WANG Shao-Liang, TANG Zhi-Yuan, SHA Ou, YAN Ji.Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of LiCoPO4 by Sol-Gel Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(02): 343-348
37. GAO Ping, TAN Zhuo, CHENG Fu-Quan, ZHOU Heng-Hui, TAN Song-Ting.Effect of Doping with Ti4+ Ion on the Electrochemical Performance of LiFe0.6Mn0.4PO4/C[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(02): 338-342
38. GONG Qiang, WANG Hong, LIAO Xiao-Zhen, MA Wei, HE Yu-Shi, MA Zi-Feng.Electrochemical Performance of Vanadium Modified LiFe0.5Mn0.5PO4/C Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(01): 100-104
39. LI Jie-Bin, XU You-Long, XIONG Li-Long, WANG Jing-Ping.Improvement of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 Cathode Materials by Nano-MgO Doping[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(11): 2593-2599
40. WEI Yi, WANG Li-Juan, YAN Ji, SHA Ou, TANG Zhi-Yuan, MA Li.Calcination Temperature Effects on the Electrochemical Performance of Li2MnSiO4/C Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(11): 2587-2592
41. CHU Dao-Bao, LI Yan, SONG Qi, ZHOU Ying.Synthesis and Properties of LiFePO4/C Cathode Material with a New Carbon Source[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(08): 1863-1867
42. TANG Yan, ZHONG Ben-He, GUO Xiao-Dong, LIU Heng, ZHONG Yan-Jun, NIE Xiang, TANG Hong.Effects of Mixed Solvents on the High-Rate Performance of Li3V2(PO4)3/C Prepared by Sol-Gel Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 869-874
43. ZHANG Qiu-Mei, SHI Zhi-Cong, LI Yi-Xiao, GAO Dan, CHEN Guo-Hua, YANG Yong.Recent Advances in Fluorophosphate and Orthosilicate Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 267-274
44. WANG Xiao-Ya, CHENG Qian, HUANG Tao, YU Ai-Shui.Effect of Calcination Atmosphere on Li/Ni Disorder and Electrochemical Performance of Layered LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 437-442
45. CHANG Zhao-Rong, DAI Dong-Mei, LI Bao, TANG Hong-Wei.Effect of Hydrazine on the Performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(10): 2633-2637
46. DAI Ke-Hua, MAO Jing, ZHAI Yu-Chun.High Rate Capability of 5 V LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode Materials Synthesized via a Gel-Combustion Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2130-2134
47. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia.Preparation of an Ionic Liquid Gel Polymer Electrolyte and Its Compatibility with a LiFePO4 Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1233-1238
48. CHANG Zhao-Rong, YU Xu, TANG Hong-Wei, WEI Wen-Qiang, DAI Dong-Mei.Influence of Al Doping Content on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of LiNi1/3Co2/3-xAlxO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 567-572
49. WANG Wei-Kun, ZHANG Yong-Yong, WANG An-Bang, YU Zhong-Bao, HAN Min-Fang, YANG Yu-Sheng.Electrochemical Performance of 1,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone as Cathode Material in Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 47-50
50. LU Hua-Quan, WU Feng, SU Yue-Feng, LI Ning, CHEN Shi, BAO Li-Ying.Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries Prepared by Oxalate Co-Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 51-56
51. YU Hong-Ming, ZHENG Wei, CAO Gao-Shao, ZHAO Xin-Bing.Effects of Optimized Carbon-Coating on High-Rate Performance of LiFePO4/C Composites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(11): 2186-2190
52. ZHENG Jun-Chao, LI Xin-Hai, WANG Zhi-Xing, LI Jin-Hui, WU Ling, LI Ling-Jun, GUO Hua-Jun.A Coalescence Mechanism for the Composite Cathode Material xLiFePO4·yLi3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1916-1920
53. ZHONG Mei-E, ZHOU Zhi-Hui, ZHOU Zhen-Tao.Electrochemical Performance of High-Density LiFePO4/C Composites Synthesized by Solid State-Carbothermal Reduction Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1504-1510
54. FENG Ji-Jun, LIU Xiang-Zhe, LIU Xiao-Zhen, JIANG Jian-Zhuang, ZHAO Jing.Hydrothermal Syntheses and Properties of LiV3-xMnxO8 as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1490-1494
55. HU Guo-Rong, CAO Yan-Bing, PENG Zhong-Dong, DU Ke, JIANG Qing-Lai.Preparation of Li2FeSiO4 Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Microwave Synthesis[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 1004-1008
56. NI Zhe-Ming, XU Qian, PAN Guo-Xiang, MAO Jiang-Hong.Theoretical Processing in Understanding the Structures and Properties of Layered Double Hydroxides[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 792-805
57. YANG Shun-Yi; WANG Xian-You; WEI Jian-Liang; LI Xiu-Qin; TANG An-Ping.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Na-Mn-O Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1669-1674
58. CHANG Zhao-Rong; CHEN Zhong-Jun; WU Feng; TANG Hong-Wei; ZHU Zhi-Hong.Synthesis of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 Cathode Material by Eutectic Molten Salt LiOH-LiNO3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(03): 513-519
59.

DU Guo-Dong; NULI Yan-Na; FENG Zhen-Zhen; WANG Jiu-Lin; YANG Jun

.Electrochemical Behavior of High-Voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4-xFx Electrodes at Elevated Storage Temperature[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(01): 165-170

60. ZHANG Chun-Ling; JIANG Wei-Jun; ZHANG Jing; QI Lu.Performance of LiMn1.5Ni0.5-xCuxO4 as 5V Cathode Material for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 31-35
61. HOU Xian-Quan; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu; HAN Li-Juan.Synthesis and Properties of Layered LiNi0.8Co0.2-xMgxO2 Cathode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 40-45
62. CHEN Yong-Chong; XU Xing-Jun; CUI Hong-Zhi; DAI Ke-Hua; SONG Zhao-Shuang; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu.Synthesis Mechanisms and Properties of Cathode Material LiNixMn2-xO4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 26-30
63. JIANG Wei-Jun; Sai-Xi-Ya-Le-Tu; Wu-Yun-Bi-Li-Ge; QI Lu; SHANG Shi-Bo.Performance of Nonstoichiometric Li1+xCoO2 Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 56-59
64.

WANG Jian; QI Yu-Jun; LI Yong-Wei; QI Lu

.Discharge Performances of C/LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 46-50

65. DAI Ke-Hua; WANG Yin-Jie; FENG Hua-Jun; XIE Yan-Ting; QI Lu.Preparation Conditions of LiMn0.45Ni0.45Co0.1O2 via Hydroxide Co-precipitation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1927-1931
66. CHEN Yong-Chong; XU Xing-Jun; CUI Hong-Zhi; DAI Ke-Hua; SONG Zhao-Shuang; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu.Preferred Orientation of Crystals and the Intensity Ratios of XRD Peaks of Cathode Material LiCoO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1948-1953
67. HOU Chun-Ping; YUE Min.A Novel Cathode Material Lithium Vanadium Phosphate Synthesized by Liquid-phase Sphericizing Granulation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1954-1957
68. WEI Ying-Jin; LI Xu; WANG Chun-Zhong; ZHAN Shi-Ying; CHEN Gang.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Cu Doped V2O5[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1090-1094
69. LIU Su-Qin; LI Shi-Cai; HUANG Ke-Long; CHEN Zhao-Hui.Effect of Doping Ti4+ on the Structure and Performances of Li3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 537-542
70. FENG Zhen-Zhen;NULI Yan-Na;YANG Jun.Conductive Sulfur-Containing Material/Polyaniline Composite for Cathode Material of Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(03): 327-331
71. GAO Chen;BAO Jun;LUO Zhen-Lin;LIU Wen-Han.Recent Progresses in the Combinatorial Materials Science[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(07): 899-912
72. ZHUANG Da-Gao;ZHAO Xin-Bing;XIE Jian;TU Jian;ZHU Tie-Jun;CAO Gao-Shao.One-step Solid-state Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of Nb-doped LiFePO4/C[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(07): 840-844
73. TANG Zhi-yuan; LU Xing-he; ZHANG Na.The Anion-cation Multiple Doping Effect of Spinel Cathode Materials on Electrochemical Speciality[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(08): 934-938
74. TAO Bin-Wu;LIU Jian-Hua;LI Song-Mei;ZHAO Liang.Electrochemical Properties of a V2O5/C Composite in Aqueous Solution Used for Zinc Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(03): 338-342
75. LU Jun-Biao; TANG Zi-Long; ZHANG Zhong-Tai; JIN Yong-Zhu.Influence of Mg Ion Doping on the Battery Properties of LiFePO4/C[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(03): 319-323
76. Wang Wei-Kun; Wang An-Bang; Cao Gao-Ping; Yang Yu-Sheng.Electrochemical Performance of a Novel Cathode Material Phenyl Polysulfide for Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(12): 1440-1444
77. Chang Xiao-Yan;Wang Zhi-Xing;Li Xin-Hai;Kuang Qiong;Peng Wen-Jie;Guo Hua-Jun;Zhang Yun-He.Synthesis and Performance of LiMnPO4 Used as Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(10): 1249-1252
78. Ni Jiang-Feng;Zhou Heng-Hui;Chen Ji-Tao;Su Guang-Yao.Effect on the Electrochemical Performance of Lithium Iron Phosphate by Cr3+ Ion Doping[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(06): 582-586
79. Zhao Shi-Xi;Min Xin-Min;Liu Han-Xing;Li Qiang;Ouyang Shi-Xi.The Structural Stability of S-M (M=Al, Co) Co-doped Spinel LiMn2O4 Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(03): 233-236
80. Yang Hong-Ping;Wang Xian-You;Wang Xing-Yan;Huang Wei-Guo;Luo Xu-Fang;Zhuo Hai-Tao.Preparation and Performance of Electrode Materials for Super-iron (VI) Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(12): 1150-1153
81. Tang Zhi-Yuan;Xu Guo-Xiang.The Application of Poly (1-aminoanthraquinone) for Positive Electrode Material in Lithium Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 307-310
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