ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2017,Vol.33>> Issue(1)>> 255-261     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201610181         中文摘要
Synthesis and Properties of Polyurethane/Coal-Derived Carbon Foam Phase Change Composites for Thermal Energy Storage
WU Wen-Hao1, HUANG Xin-Yu1, YAO Rui-Min1, CHEN Ren-Jie1, LI Kai2, ZOU Ru-Qiang1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China;
2 Research Institute of Chemical Defence, Beijing 100191, P. R. China
Full text: PDF (1958KB) HTML Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS) Supporting Info

In this article, we used coal-derived carbon foam (CCF) as a skeleton material to encapsulate the solid-to-solid phase change material polyurethane (PU) to provide PU@CCF composites for functional applications. The obtained PU@CCF composites were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermal conductivity measurements. The results illustrated that the most preferred ratio of polyethylene glycol (PEG-6000) to hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) to synthesize PU was 1:2 and the CCF skeleton prevented PU leakage during the phase change process. Compared with PEG-6000, the thermal conductivity of the PU@CCF composite was raised by 54%, its cycle thermal stability was remarkable after 2000 cycles, and its supercooling degree was lowered by more than 10℃. For electro-to-heat energy conversion, the phase transition behavior of the obtained PU@CCF could be induced under an electron voltage as low as 0.8 V with 75% conversion efficiency at 1.1 V. This functional phase change composite realizes electric-heat conversion under the lowest loading voltage reported to date, providing an important benchmark for the preparation and functionalization of low-cost phase change composites.

Keywords: Phase change material   Thermal energy storage   Thermal conductivity   Carbon foam   Electro-to-heat energy conversion  
Received: 2016-07-27 Accepted: 2016-10-18 Publication Date (Web): 2016-10-18
Corresponding Authors: ZOU Ru-Qiang Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51322205, 21371014) and Specialized Research Fund of Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission, China (Z15111000090000, Z151100000915074).

Cite this article: WU Wen-Hao, HUANG Xin-Yu, YAO Rui-Min, CHEN Ren-Jie, LI Kai, ZOU Ru-Qiang. Synthesis and Properties of Polyurethane/Coal-Derived Carbon Foam Phase Change Composites for Thermal Energy Storage[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33 (1): 255-261.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201610181

(1) Hyun, D. C.; Levinson, N. S.; Jeong, U.; Xia, Y. N. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 3780. doi: 10.1002/anie.201305201
(2) Thavasi, V.; Singh, G.; Ramakrishna, S. Energy Environ. Sci.2008, 1, 205. doi: 10.1039/B809074M
(3) Ye, H.; Ge, X. S. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 2000, 64 (1), 37. doi: 10.1016/s09270248(00)00041-6
(4) San, A.; Karaipekli, A. Appl. Therm. Eng. 2007, 27 (8), 1271. doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2006.11.004
(5) Zhang, Z. G.; Huang, G. F.; Fang, X. M.; Shao, G. Chem. Engineering 2005, 33 (4), 34. [张正国, 黄弋峰, 方晓明, 邵刚. 化学工程, 2005, 33 (4), 34.]
(6) Hu, X. F.; Lin, L. Y.; Hu, D.W. J. Tianjin Univ. Technol. 2008, 24 (3), 63. [胡小芳, 林丽莹, 胡大为. 天津理工大学学报, 2008, 24 (3), 63.]
(7) Zhang, M. Synthesis and Properties Study on PolyethyleneGlycol/Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) Polymeric Solid-Solid PhaseChange Materials. Ph. D. Dissertation, Jilin University, Changchun, 2004. [张梅. 聚乙二醇/聚乙烯醇高分子固-固相变材料的合成与性能研究[D]. 长春: 吉林大学, 2004.]
(8) Benson, D. K.; Burrows, R.W.; Webb, J. D. Sol. Energy Mater.1986, 13, 133. doi: 10.1016/0165-1633(86)90040-7
(9) Chandra, D.; Helms, J. H.; Majumdar, A. J. Electrochem. Soc.1994, 141 (7), 1921. doi: 10.1149/1.2055027
(10) Machado, A. V.; Covas, J. A.; Duin, M. V. Polymer 2001, 42, 3649. doi: 10.1016/S0032-3861(00)00692-3
(11) Mehrabzadeh, M.; Rezaie, D. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2002, 84, 2573. doi: 10.1002/app.10203
(12) Liang, X. H.; Guo, Y. Q.; Gu, L. Z.; Ding, E. Y. Macromolecules 1995, 28, 6551. doi: 10.1021/ma00123a023
(13) Harlan, S. L. ACS Symp. Ser. 1991, 457, 248. doi: 10.1021/bk-1991-0457.ch015
(14) Parrish, B.; Breitenkamp, R. B.; Emrick, T. J. Am. Chem. Soc.2005, 127, 7404. doi: 10.1021/ja050310n
(15) Sekiguchi, A.; Lee, V. Y.; Nanjo, M. Coordin. Chem. Rev. 2000, 210, 11. doi: 10.1016/S0010-8545(00)00315-5
(16) Jannasch, P.; Wesslén, B. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1995, 58 (4), 753. doi: 10.1002/app.1995.070580408
(17) Lu, X. P.; Nilsson, O.; Fricke, J.; Pekala, R.W. J. Appl. Phys.1993, 73 (2), 581. doi: 10.1063/1.353367
(18) Stankovich, S.; Dikin, D. A.; Dommett, G. H. B.; Kohlhaas, K.M.; Zimney, E. J.; Stach, E. A.; Piner, R. D.; Nguyen, S. T.; Ruoff, R. S. Nature 2006, 442, 282. doi: 10.1038/nature04969
(19) Liu, Z. F. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2016, 32 (7), 1553. [刘忠范.物理化学学报, 2016, 32 (7), 1553.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201606241
(20) Zhang, Y. F.; Gao, T.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, Z. F. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2012, 28 (10), 2456. [张艳锋, 高腾, 张玉, 刘忠范.物理化学学报, 2012, 28 (10), 2456.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201209062
(21) Liu, Z. F. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2016, 32 (4), 810. [刘忠范.物理化学学报, 2016, 32 (4), 810.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201603012
(22) Balandin, A. A.; Ghosh, S.; Bao, W. Z.; Calizo, I.; Teweldebrhan, D.; Miao, F.; Lau, C. N. Nano Lett. 2008, 8, 902. doi: 10.1021/nl0731872
(23) Chen, Z. P.; Ren, W. C.; Gao, L. B.; Liu, B. L.; Pei, S. F.; Cheng, H. M. Nat. Mater. 2011, 10, 424. doi: 10.1038/nmat3001
(24) Klett, J.W.; McMillan, A. D.; Gallego, N. C.; Walls, C. A.J. Mater. Sci. 2004, 39, 3659. doi: 10.1023/B: JMSC.0000030719.80262.f8
(25) Chen, X. N.; Lu, Y. G.; Zhang, X.; Zhao, F. J. Mater. Des. 2012, 40, 497. doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2012.04.026
(26) Chen, C.; Kennel, E. B.; Stiller, A. H.; Stansberry, P. G.; Zondlo, J.W. Carbon 2006, 44, 1535. doi: 10.1016/j.carbon.2005.12.021
(27) Calvo, M.; García, R.; Arenillas, A.; Suárez, I.; Moinelo, S. R.Fuel 2005, 84, 2184. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2005.06.008
(28) Deng, T. L.; Bai, R. C.; Shao, Q. S.; Ren, M. S.; Zhang, J. B.; Zhou, C. J.; Pan, J. F. Mater. Rev. 2011, 25, 454. [邓涛略, 白瑞成, 邵勤思, 任慕苏, 张家宝, 周春节, 潘剑峰. 材料导报, 2011, 25, 454.]
(29) Li, K.; Wu, Q.; Ye, P.W.; Wang, X. Q.; Li, L.; Luan, Z. Q.Carbon Techniques 2013, 32, 6. [李凯, 吴琼, 叶平伟, 王喜芹, 栗丽, 栾志强. 炭素技术, 2013, 32, 6.]
(30) Joulin, A.; Younsi, Z.; Zalewski, L.; Lassue, S.; Rousse, D. R.; Cavrot, J. P. Appl. Energy 2011, 88, 2454. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.01.036
(31) Hou, L. J.; Ding, Y. T.; Zhang, Z. L.; Sun, Z. S.; Shan, Z. H.Colloids Surf. A 2015, 467, 46. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2014.11.014
(32) Bilgin, S. S.; Derya, K.; Cemil, A.; Isa, G. Carbohydr. Polym.2011, 84, 141. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.11.015
(33) Chen, R. J.; Yao, R. M.; Xia, W.; Zou, R. Q. Appl. Energy 2015, 152, 183. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.022

Copyright © 2006-2016 Editorial office of Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica
Address: College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P.R.China
Service Tel: +8610-62751724 Fax: +8610-62756388
^ Top