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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (2): 270-282    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201611022
ARTICLE     
Solid-State NMR Characterization of the Structure and Catalytic Reaction Mechanism of Solid Acid Catalysts
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Abstract  

Solid acid catalysts have been widely used in advanced petrochemical processes because of their environmental friendliness, high product selectivity, and easy product separation. Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a well-established tool for structure determination and dynamic study of various functional materials. In this review, we focus mainly on our research using solid-state NMR to characterize the acid properties and elucidate the catalytic reaction mechanism of solid acid catalysts. The acid strength of solid acids can be quantitatively measured from the chemical shifts of adsorbed probe molecules such as pyridine, acetone, trialkylphosphine oxides, and trimethylphosphine. The spatial proximity and synergetic effect of various acid sites on solid acid catalysts can be ascertained by two-dimensional (2D) double-quantum magic angle spinning (DQ MAS) NMR spectroscopy. Additionally, in situ solid-state NMR spectroscopy can be used to explore heterogeneous catalytic reaction mechanisms by monitoring the evolution of the reactants, intermediates, and products.



Key wordsSolid-state NMR      Acidity characterization      Solid acid catalyst      Reaction mechanism      Host-guest interaction     
Received: 23 September 2016      Published: 02 November 2016
MSC2000:  O643  
Fund:  国家自然科学基金(21210005, 21221064, 21373265)
Cite this article:

. Solid-State NMR Characterization of the Structure and Catalytic Reaction Mechanism of Solid Acid Catalysts. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca, 2017, 33(2): 270-282.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201611022     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2017/V33/I2/270

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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