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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (5): 1033-1042    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201702101
Facile Green Synthesis of Highly Monodisperse Bismuth Subcarbonate Micropompons Self-assembled by Nanosheets: Improved Photocatalytic Performance
RUAN Mao-Mao1, SONG Le-Xin1, WANG Qing-Shan1, XIA Juan2, YANG Zun1, TENG Yue1, XU Zhe-Yuan1
1 Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, P. R. China;
2 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Fuyang Normal College, Fuyang 236037, Anhui Province, P. R. China
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This work reports a controlled green synthesis of highly monodisperse bismuth subcarbonate (BS) micropompons self-assembled by nanosheets using a simple and facile hydrothermal route in which deionized water, bismuth nitrate pentahydrate (BNP), and urea were used as the solvent, bismuth source, and carbon source respectively. Trisodium citrate dihydrate (TCD) was used as a coordination agent to fabricate a complex precursor. The structure and morphology of the BS materials can be finely modulated by adjusting the initial concentration ratios of the reactants or the reaction time. The presence of TCD decreased the formation rate of BS due to a direct competitive interaction for the BiO+ ions between a coordination equilibrium and a precipitation equilibrium. Urea played a crucial role (e.g., carbon source, alkaline source, morphology control agent, and crystal growth control agent) in the formation of the BS microstructures. We obtained three kinds of BS crystals with preferred orientations along [001], [110], and [013] by adjusting the concentration of urea. Our synthesis approach has the advantages of low cost, high reaction yields, monodisperse particles, controlled morphologies and orientations, and not requiring the use of organic solvents, templates, surfactants, high phototemperatures, and long reaction times. Particularly, when compared with those reported by other investigators, the micropompon material exhibited improved photocatalytic performance for Rhodamine B due to a unique microstructure (large specific surface area, high efficiency of photoelectric conversion, small interfacial chargetransfer resistance, and active {001} exposed facets). These results indicate a major advance in the controlled green synthesis and the application of inorganic micro-and nano-materials.

Key wordsBismuth subcarbonate      Controlled green synthesis      Photocatalytic performance      Micropompons      Trisodium citrate dihydrate     
Received: 11 November 2016      Published: 10 February 2017
MSC2000:  O643  

The project was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province, China (1508085MB30) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (WK2060190052, WK6030000017).

Corresponding Authors: SONG Le-Xin, WANG Qing-Shan     E-mail:;
Cite this article:

RUAN Mao-Mao, SONG Le-Xin, WANG Qing-Shan, XIA Juan, YANG Zun, TENG Yue, XU Zhe-Yuan. Facile Green Synthesis of Highly Monodisperse Bismuth Subcarbonate Micropompons Self-assembled by Nanosheets: Improved Photocatalytic Performance. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(5): 1033-1042.

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