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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (6): 1205-1213    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201702222
ARTICLE     
Redox-Responsive Interfacial Properties of Se-Containing Sulfobetaine Surfactant
Wei-Wei KONG,Shuang GUO,Yong-Min ZHANG*(),Xue-Feng LIU*()
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Abstract  

Because of good biocompatibility using Se atom as the redox-responsive group has aroused considerable attention. However, only a few efforts have been devoted to Se-containing surfactant, especially for smart control of interfacial properties. This paper focuses on the redox-responsive behaviors of molecular structure, Krafft temperature, Surface/interfacial tension, foaming and emulsification of Se-containing zwitterionic surfactant, benzylselanyl-undecyl-dimethyl ammonium propane sulfonate (BSeUSB). The results show that after oxidization with a trace of H2O2 (≤0.056% of total mass), reduced form BSeUSB with one hydrophilic head and one hydrophobic tail transformed to Bola-type oxidized form BSeUSB-Ox due to the presence of a new hydrophilic group (selenoxide). And thus Krafft temperature decreased from (23.5±0.5)℃ to less than 0℃. The surface/interfacial tension at 5.00 mmol·L-1 increased from 45.15, 5.52 mN·m-1 to 61.63, 18.38 mN·m-1, respectively. Macroscopically, reduced form BSeUSB has good foaming and emulsification properties, while the foaming and emulsification abilities of oxidized form BSeUSB-Ox almost disappeared. Interestingly the molecular structure and the solution properties re-turned the initial states after reduction with a trace of Na2SO3 (≤0.060% of total mass). In a word, by the addition trace amounts of H2O2 and Na2SO3 alternately, we have achieved the smart control of the interfacial properties of the surfactant.



Key wordsRedox-responsive      Se-containing surfactant      Betaine      Interfacial property      Foam      Emulsion     
Received: 27 December 2016      Published: 22 February 2017
MSC2000:  O648  
Corresponding Authors: Yong-Min ZHANG,Xue-Feng LIU     E-mail: zhangym@jiangnan.edu.cn;xfliu@jiangnan.edu.cn
Cite this article:

Wei-Wei KONG,Shuang GUO,Yong-Min ZHANG,Xue-Feng LIU. Redox-Responsive Interfacial Properties of Se-Containing Sulfobetaine Surfactant. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca, 2017, 33(6): 1205-1213.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201702222     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2017/V33/I6/1205

Fig 1 Evidences of 1H NMR spectra using D2O as the solvent for the redox response of BSeUSB
Fig 2 ESI-MS spectra of the oxidized products of BSeUSB under different conditions including time and the dosage of H2O2 (A) initial reduced form, (B) oxidization for 6 h with equimolar H2O2, (C) oxidization for 12 h with equimolar H2O2, (D) oxidization for 48 h with equimolar H2O2, (E) oxidization for 12 h with double H2O2, (F) oxidization for 12 h with threefold H2O2
Surfactant TK(in pure water)/℃ TK(in 50 mmol·L-1NaCl)/℃ cmc/(mmol·L-1) γcmc/(mN·m-1) σcmc/(mN·m-1) 106Γmax/(mol·m-2) Amin/nm2
BSeUSB 23.5 < 0 0.24 45.15 5.52 3.18 0.52
BSeUSB-Ox - - 0.70 64.16 21.73 - -
< 0 < 0 1.72 61.63 18.38 1.03 1.61
Table 1 Values of physicochemical properties parameters of Se-containing surfactant solution at 25 ℃
Fig 3 Surface/interfacial tension of BSeUSB and BSeUSB-Ox solution plotted versus the surfactant concentrations of (A) surface tension and (B) interfacial tension between n-heptane and solution
Fig 4 Variation of surface tension (A) and interfacial tension (B) with alternately addition of H2O2 (filled) and Na2SO3 (open) The concentration of surfactant is fixed at 5.00 mmol?L?1.
Fig 5 Photographs of foams based on 5.00 mmol·L-1 BSeUSB solution that were taken right now after shaken by hand for 30 s at 25 ℃ (A) initial solution, (B) oxidization with H2O2 for 12 h, (C) reduction with Na2SO3 for 3 min, (D) oxidization with H2O2 for 12 h again, (E) reduction with Na2SO3 for 3 min again, (F) reduction with GSH for 3 min, and (G) reduction with VC for 3 min.
Fig 6 Photographs of n-heptane-in-water emulsions stabilized by 5.00 mmol·L-1 BSeUSB alone (A) initial emulsion, (B) initial emulsion taken 10 min after preparation, (C) after oxidization with H2O2 for 48 h, (D) after addition of Na2SO3 for 3 min, (E) reduction with VC for 3 min and (F) reduction with GSH for 3 min taken immediately after preparation
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