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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (6): 1181-1188    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201703151
Structure Characteristic of Titanium Nitride Nanowires and Its Electrode Processes for V(II)/V(III) Redox Couple
ZHAO Feng-Ming1, WEN Gang1, KONG Li-Yao2, CHU You-Qun2, MA Chun-An1
1 College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, P. R. China;
2 State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, Hangzhou 310014, P. R. China
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Titanium nitride nanowires (TiN NWs) were directly prepared on a Ti foil by a hydrothermal method followed by nitridation in ammonia atmosphere. The composition, microstructure, and electrochemical properties of the TiN NWs were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cyclic voltammetry(CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results show that the nanowires have diameters of 20-50 nm and are 5 μm long. The surfaces of the TiN NWs comprise Ti-N, Ti-O, and O-Ti-N chemical states. The electrochemical activity and reversibility for the electrode processes of V(II)/V(III) couple on the TiN NWs are significantly improved due to the introduced Ti-N, Ti-O, and O-Ti-N chemical states. The transfer resistance for the cathodic reduction of V(III) on the TiN NWs is about 20 times and 10 times smaller than on TiO2 NWs and graphite electrodes, respectively. The rate constant of charge transfer on the TiN NWs electrode was determined to be 5.21×10-4 cm·s-1, which is about 5 times larger than the rate constant on graphite electrodes (9.63×10-5 cm·s-1).

Key wordsVanadium battery      Titanium nitride nanowire      V(II)/V(III)      Electrode process     
Received: 27 December 2016      Published: 15 March 2017
MSC2000:  O646  

The project was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province, China (LY17B050006).

Corresponding Authors: CHU You-Qun, MA Chun-An     E-mail:;
Cite this article:

ZHAO Feng-Ming, WEN Gang, KONG Li-Yao, CHU You-Qun, MA Chun-An. Structure Characteristic of Titanium Nitride Nanowires and Its Electrode Processes for V(II)/V(III) Redox Couple. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(6): 1181-1188.

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