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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (6): 1197-1204    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201703293
Article     
Electrochemical Behavior of MWCNT-Constraint SnS2 Nanostructure as the Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries
GU Ze-Yu1, GAO Song1,HUANG Hao1, JIN Xiao-Zhe1, WU Ai-Min1, CAO Guo-Zhong1,2
1 Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams(Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning Province, P. R. China;
2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
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Abstract  

Multi-walled carbon nanotube constrained SnS2 (SnS2@MWCNT) nanostructure is successfully realized through a facile 2-step process. Firstly, DC arc-discharge method is applied to fabricate Sn@MWCNT nanoparticles as the precursor that is subsequently converted into SnS2@MWCNT through low-temperature vulcanization. Various analytical methods, including powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Raman spectroscopy, are used to ascertain the microstructure and morphology of the SnS2@MWCNT nanoparticles. The results show that the SnS2@MWCNT nanoparticles have a uniform structure of SnS2 half-filled MWCNTs with average thickness of 10 nm and average length of ~400 nm. The electrochemical properties of the as-prepared SnS2@MWCNT nanoparticles are studied using the nanoparticles as anode materials in Li-ion batteries. The SnS2@MWCNT electrode presents high initial Coulombic efficiency of 71% and maintains a capacity of 703 mAh·g-1 after 50 cycles. Excellent performance of the batteries benefits from the active electrochemical reactions of various chemical components, multi-step lithiation/delithiation behaviors, and the structural constraint from the MWCNTs.



Key wordsLithium-ion battery      Multi-walled carbon Nanotube      Tin disulfide      Anode      Nanomaterial     
Received: 04 January 2017      Published: 29 March 2017
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51171033), Science and Technology Supported Plan (Industry Field) of Changzhou, China (CE20160022), Project of Innovative Talents Introduction and Training of Changzhou, China (CQ20153002) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (DUT16LAB03, DUT15LAB05).

Corresponding Authors: HUANG Hao     E-mail: huanghao@dlut.edu.cn
Cite this article:

GU Ze-Yu, GAO Song, HUANG Hao, JIN Xiao-Zhe, WU Ai-Min, CAO Guo-Zhong. Electrochemical Behavior of MWCNT-Constraint SnS2 Nanostructure as the Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(6): 1197-1204.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201703293     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2017/V33/I6/1197

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