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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (12): 2339-2358    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201706021
REVIEW     
Advances in High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
Shuai LIU,Lu YAO,Qin ZHANG,Lu-Lu LI,Nan-Tao HU,Liang-Ming WEI,Hao WEI*()
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Abstract  

Lithium-sulfur batteries are considered to be rather latest and high-performance storage batteries due to their high theoretical specific capacity (1675 mAh·g-1), high energy density (2600 Wh·kg-1), environmental friendliness, low cost, and safety. These features make them important in the field of mobile electric vehicles and portable devices. However, because of rapid capacity attenuation with poor cycle and rate performances, these batteries are far from ideal for commercial applications. This paper reviews the entire and latest studies in lithium-sulfur batteries. Cathodes, electrolyte, separators, and anodes protection are introduced in detail. The existing lithium-sulfur batteries defects and problems are analyzed. Finally, we provide some insights into the future direction and prospects of lithium batteries.



Key wordsLithium-sulfur battery      Cathode      Anode protection      Separator      Application     
Received: 13 April 2017      Published: 02 June 2017
MSC2000:  O649  
Fund:  the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61376003);the Shanghai Pujiang Program, China(16PJD027);the Medical-Engineering Crossover Fund of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China(YG2015MS23);the Medical-Engineering Crossover Fund of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China(YG2016MS71)
Corresponding Authors: Hao WEI     E-mail: haowei@sjtu.edu.cn
Cite this article:

Shuai LIU,Lu YAO,Qin ZHANG,Lu-Lu LI,Nan-Tao HU,Liang-Ming WEI,Hao WEI. Advances in High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca, 2017, 33(12): 2339-2358.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201706021     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2017/V33/I12/2339

Fig 1 (a) Schematic diagram depicting the fabrication of pure sulfur electrodes and (b) photographic images of pure sulfur electrodes with sulfur loadings varying from 2.5 to 16.2 mg·cm-2.
Fig 2 Schematic detailing the concept of the containment of sulfur in HMT and CNTs.
Fig 3 Schematic of the all-graphene structural design of the sulfur cathode.
Fig 4 Schematic of the synthetic procedure of the Li2S@C―Co―N composite.
Fig 5 Schematic representing resol infiltration into mesoporous anatase TiO2 microspheres to produce mesoporous Magnéli Ti4O7 microspheres via an in situ carbothermal reduction.
Fig 6 Schematic illustration for the preparation of WS2 vertically aligned on the CNFs.
Fig 7 Schematic illustration of the synthesis of the S@PEDOT/MnO2 composite.
Fig 8 (a) Polysulfide solubility test in electrolyte solvents. 0.5 mol·L-1 Li2S8. (b) Schematic illustration of the function mechanism of polysulfide dissolution and diffusion in ether (left) or PP13TFSI-based (right) solvent.
Fig 9 Schematic of the design of a separator in lithium–sulfur battery configurations; (a) battery with the common separator and (b) battery with the modified separator.
Fig 10 Schematic of a Li–S cell configuration with an o-MWCNT-coated separator.
Fig 11 Schematic illustration of the formed passive composite film on the surface of Li anode by adding La(NO3)3 into the electrolyte.
Fig 12 Fabrication process of automatic spreading method fabri-cating GO/Li electrode.
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