ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2017,Vol.33>> Issue(12)>> 2339-2358     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201706021         中文摘要
Advances in High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
LIU Shuai, YAO Lu, ZHANG Qin, LI Lu-Lu, HU Nan-Tao, WEI Liang-Ming, WEI Hao
Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Microfabrication Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, P. R. China
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Lithium-sulfur batteries are considered to be rather latest and high-performance storage batteries due to their high theoretical specific capacity (1675 mAh·g-1), high energy density (2600 Wh·kg-1), environmental friendliness, low cost, and safety. These features make them important in the field of mobile electric vehicles and portable devices. However, because of rapid capacity attenuation with poor cycle and rate performances, these batteries are far from ideal for commercial applications. This paper reviews the entire and latest studies in lithium-sulfur batteries. Cathodes, electrolyte, separators, and anodes protection are introduced in detail. The existing lithium-sulfur batteries defects and problems are analyzed. Finally, we provide some insights into the future direction and prospects of lithium batteries.

Keywords: Lithium-sulfur battery   Cathode   Anode protection   Separator   Application  
Received: 2017-04-13 Accepted: 2017-05-26 Publication Date (Web): 2017-06-02
Corresponding Authors: WEI Hao Email:

Cite this article: LIU Shuai, YAO Lu, ZHANG Qin, LI Lu-Lu, HU Nan-Tao, WEI Liang-Ming, WEI Hao. Advances in High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33 (12): 2339-2358.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201706021

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2. WANG Xiao-Qiang, LIU Jiang, XIE Yong-Min, CAI Wei-Zi, ZHANG Ya-Peng, ZHOU Qian, YU Fang-Yong, LIU Mei-Lin.A High Performance Direct Carbon Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stack for Portable Applications[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33(8): 1614-1620
3. LIAO You-Hao, LI Wei-Shan.Research Progresses on Gel Polymer Separators for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33(8): 1533-1547
4. HU Xue-Jiao, GAO Guan-Bin, ZHANG Ming-Xi.Gold Nanorods——from Controlled Synthesis and Modification to Nano-Biological and Biomedical Applications[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33(7): 1324-1337
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8. ZHU Jin-Xiao, LIU Xiao-Dong, XUE Min-Zhao, CHEN Chang-Xin.Phosphorene: Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Device Applications[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33(11): 2153-2172
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10. HOU Jing-Fei, YANG Yan-Lian, WANG Chen.Molecular Mechanisms of Interface Interactions between Nanomaterials and Proteins[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33(1): 63-79
11. LI Wan-Fei, LIU Mei-Nan, WANG Jian, ZHANG Yue-Gang.Progress of Lithium/Sulfur Batteries Based on Chemically Modified Carbon[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33(1): 165-182
12. FANG Yong-Jin, CHEN Zhong-Xue, AI Xin-Ping, YANG Han-Xi, CAO Yu-Liang.Recent Developments in Cathode Materials for Na Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017,33(1): 211-241
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14. WUAi-Ming, XIA Guo-Feng, SHEN Shui-Yun, YIN Jie-Wei, MAO Ya, BAI Qing-You, XIE Jing-Ying, ZHANG Jun-Liang.Recent Progress in Non-Aqueous Lithium-Air Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32(8): 1866-1879
15. LUO Wen, HUANG Lei, GUAN Dou-Dou, HE Ru-Han, LI Feng, MAI Li-Qiang.A Selenium Disulfide-Impregnated Hollow Carbon Sphere Composite as a Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32(8): 1999-2006
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17. SUN Li-Yuan, ZHANG Ya-Fei, GONG Yan-Jun.Structural Features and Application of Micro-Microporous Composite Zeolites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32(5): 1105-1122
18. YANG Zu-Guang, HUAWei-Bo, ZHANG Jun, CHEN Jiu-Hua, HE Feng-Rong, ZHONG Ben-He, GUO Xiao-Dong.Enhanced Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 Cathode Materials at Elevated Temperature by Zr Doping[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32(5): 1056-1061
19. YANG Ze, ZHANG Wang, SHEN Yue, YUAN Li-Xia, HUANG Yun-Hui.Next-Generation Energy Storage Technologies and Their Key Electrode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32(5): 1062-1071
20. SHI Ji-Fu, HUANG Qi-Zhang, WAN Qing-Cui, XU Xue-Qing, LI Chun-Sheng, XU Gang.Sulfide-Based Ionic Liquid Electrolyte Widening the Application Temperature Range of Quantum-Dot-Sensitized Solar Cells[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32(4): 822-827
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22. ZHAO Zhen-Chao, ZHANG Wei-Ping.Two-Dimensional Layered Zeolite Precursors: Syntheses, Modifications and Catalytic Applications[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016,32(10): 2475-2487
23. SUN Xiao-Fei, XU You-Long, ZHENG Xiao-Yu, MENG Xiang-Fei, DING Peng, REN Hang, LI Long.Triple-Cation-Doped Li3V2(PO4)3 Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31(8): 1513-1520
24. SHI Xia-Xing, LIAO Shi-Xuan, YUAN Bing, ZHONG Yan-Jun, ZHONG Ben-He, LIU Heng, GUO Xiao-Dong.Facile Synthesis of 0.6Li2MnO3-0.4LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 with Hierarchical Micro/Nanostructure and High Rate Capability as Cathode Material for Li-Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31(8): 1527-1534
25. ZHANG Ji-Bin, HUAWei-Bo, ZHENG Zhuo, LIU Wen-Yuan, GUO Xiao-Dong, ZHONG Ben-He.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Li[Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3]O2 Cathode Material for High-Rate Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31(5): 905-912
26. HUANG Zhi-Peng, GUO Lin-Yu, GUO Chao, ZHAO Meng-Meng, WANG Xue-Hua, JIN Zhao, LUO Jin-Hua, WANG Xin, FENG Ji-Jun.Synthesis of Fluorinated Polyanionic Lithium Ion Insertion/Extraction Material LiVPO4F/C by Carbon Thermal Reduction Assisted Sol-Gel Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31(4): 700-706
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28. SU Shuo-Jian, NULI Yan-Na, FEILURE Tuerxun, YANG Jun, WANG Jiu-Lin.Effects of Cathode Current Collectors on the Electrochemical Performance of Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015,31(1): 111-120
29. REN Xiang-Zhong, LIU Tao, SUN Ling-Na, ZHANG Pei-Xin.Preparation and Electrochemical Performances of Li1.2Mn0.54-xNi0.13Co0.13ZrxO2 Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(9): 1641-1649
30. HUA Wei-Bo, ZHENG Zhuo, LI Long-Yan, GUO Xiao-Dong, LIU Heng, SHEN Chong-Heng, WU Zhen-Guo, ZHONG Ben-He, HUANG Ling.Synthesis of Nanostructured LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 by Ammonia-Evaporation-Induced Synthesis and Its Electrochemical Properties as a Cathode Material for a High-Power Li-Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(8): 1481-1486
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34. YANG Wen-Chao, BI Yu-Jing, YANG Bang-Cheng, WANG De-Yu, SHI Si-Qi.Preparation and Electrochemical Characterization of Nano-LiMnPO4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(3): 460-466
35. WU Yue, LIU Xing-Quan, ZHANG Zheng, ZHAO Hong-Yuan.Preparation and Characterization of M(Ⅱ) and M(Ⅳ) Iso-Molar Co-Doped LiMn1.9Mg0.05Ti0.05O4 Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(12): 2283-2290
36. ZHENG Jie-Yun, WANG Rui, LI Hong.Fabrication and Electrochemical Behavior of a Pure-Phase Li2MnO3 Thin Film for Cathode Material of Li-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(10): 1855-1860
37. SU Chang, HUANG Qi-Fei, XU Li-Huan, ZHANG Cheng.Preparation and Performances of C-LiFePO4/Polytriphenylamine Composite as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014,30(1): 88-94
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39. ZHANG Jin-Shui, WANG Bo, WANG Xin-Chen.Chemical Synthesis and Applications of Graphitic Carbon Nitride[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29(09): 1865-1876
40. ZHONG Yan-Jun, LI Jun-Tao, WU Zhen-Guo, ZHONG Ben-He, GUO Xiao-Dong, HUANG Ling, SUN Shi-Gang.Synthesis of Na2MnPO4F/C with Different Carbon Sources and Their Performances as Cathode for Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29(09): 1989-1997
41. CAO Yan-Bing, LUO Liang, DU Ke, PENG Zhong-Dong, HU Guo-Rong, JIANG Feng.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of LiFe1-xNbxPO4/C Composite Cathode Material by Two-Step Synthesis Route[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013,29(07): 1507-1514
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43. SUN Xiao-Fei, XU You-Long, LIU Yang-Hao, LI Lu.Optimizing the Hydrothermal Synthesis of Micro-Sized Olivine LiFePO4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(12): 2885-2892
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45. CAO Yan-Bing, DUAN Jian-Guo, JIANG Feng, HU Guo-Rong, PENG Zhong-Dong, DU Ke.Synthesis of LiFePO4 Cathode Materials by Mechanical-Activation-Assisted Polyol Processing[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(05): 1183-1188
46. XIONG Li-Long, XU You-Long, ZHANG Cheng, TAO Tao.Doping-Coating Surface Modification of Spinel LiMn2O4 Cathode Material with Al3+ for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(05): 1177-1182
47. WANG Zhao, WU Feng, SU Yue-Feng, BAO Li-Ying, CHEN Lai, LI Ning, CHEN Shi.Preparation and Characterization of xLi2MnO3·(1-x)Li[Ni1/3Mn1/3Co1/3]O2 Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(04): 823-830
48. ZHAO Lei, WANG An-Bang, WANG Wei-Kun, YU Zhong-Bao, CHEN Shi, YANG Yu-Sheng.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Aminoanthraquinone Derivative as Cathode Materials in Rechargeable Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(03): 596-602
49. WANG Shao-Liang, TANG Zhi-Yuan, SHA Ou, YAN Ji.Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of LiCoPO4 by Sol-Gel Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(02): 343-348
50. GAO Ping, TAN Zhuo, CHENG Fu-Quan, ZHOU Heng-Hui, TAN Song-Ting.Effect of Doping with Ti4+ Ion on the Electrochemical Performance of LiFe0.6Mn0.4PO4/C[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(02): 338-342
51. GONG Qiang, WANG Hong, LIAO Xiao-Zhen, MA Wei, HE Yu-Shi, MA Zi-Feng.Electrochemical Performance of Vanadium Modified LiFe0.5Mn0.5PO4/C Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012,28(01): 100-104
52. LI Jie-Bin, XU You-Long, XIONG Li-Long, WANG Jing-Ping.Improvement of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 Cathode Materials by Nano-MgO Doping[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(11): 2593-2599
53. WEI Yi, WANG Li-Juan, YAN Ji, SHA Ou, TANG Zhi-Yuan, MA Li.Calcination Temperature Effects on the Electrochemical Performance of Li2MnSiO4/C Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(11): 2587-2592
54. ZHAO Hao-Chuan, SONG Yang, GUO Xiao-Dong, ZHONG Ben-He, DONG Jing, LIU Heng.Effect of Precursor Ingredient Temperature on the Performance of LiFePO4 by Hydrothermal Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(10): 2347-2352
55. CHU Dao-Bao, LI Yan, SONG Qi, ZHOU Ying.Synthesis and Properties of LiFePO4/C Cathode Material with a New Carbon Source[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(08): 1863-1867
56. YAO Zhen-Dong, WEI Wei, WANG Jiu-Lin, YANG Jun, NULI Yan-Na.Review of Sulfur-Based Cathodes for High Performance Lithium Rechargeable Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(05): 1005-1016
57. TANG Yan, ZHONG Ben-He, GUO Xiao-Dong, LIU Heng, ZHONG Yan-Jun, NIE Xiang, TANG Hong.Effects of Mixed Solvents on the High-Rate Performance of Li3V2(PO4)3/C Prepared by Sol-Gel Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(04): 869-874
58. ZHANG Qiu-Mei, SHI Zhi-Cong, LI Yi-Xiao, GAO Dan, CHEN Guo-Hua, YANG Yong.Recent Advances in Fluorophosphate and Orthosilicate Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 267-274
59. WANG Xiao-Ya, CHENG Qian, HUANG Tao, YU Ai-Shui.Effect of Calcination Atmosphere on Li/Ni Disorder and Electrochemical Performance of Layered LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(02): 437-442
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63. HU Yao-Juan, JIN Juan, ZHANG Hui, WU Ping, CAI Chen-Xin.Graphene: Synthesis, Functionalization and Applications in Chemistry[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2073-2086
64. MU Wei, LIU Da-Huan, YANG Qing-Yuan, ZHONG Chong-Li.Diffusion Rates of Gas Molecules Adsorbed in Metal-Organic Frameworks[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1657-1663
65. QU Xiao-Hua, LIU Jie, WANG Zhao-Xiang, CAO Dian-Liang, FANG Xiang-Peng, ZHANG Ling, DUAN Jing-Lai, YAO Hui-Jun, CHEN Yan-Feng, SUN You-Mei, HOU Ming-Dong.Preparation of Microporous Membranes by Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation and Impedance Characterization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1722-1726
66. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia.Preparation of an Ionic Liquid Gel Polymer Electrolyte and Its Compatibility with a LiFePO4 Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1233-1238
67. CHANG Zhao-Rong, YU Xu, TANG Hong-Wei, WEI Wen-Qiang, DAI Dong-Mei.Influence of Al Doping Content on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of LiNi1/3Co2/3-xAlxO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 567-572
68. WU Ying-Lei, YANG Jun, WANG Jiu-Lin, YIN Li-Chao, NULI Yan-Na.Composite Cathode Structure and Binder for High Performance Lithium-Sulfur Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(02): 283-290
69. WANG Wei-Kun, ZHANG Yong-Yong, WANG An-Bang, YU Zhong-Bao, HAN Min-Fang, YANG Yu-Sheng.Electrochemical Performance of 1,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone as Cathode Material in Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 47-50
70. LU Hua-Quan, WU Feng, SU Yue-Feng, LI Ning, CHEN Shi, BAO Li-Ying.Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries Prepared by Oxalate Co-Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 51-56
71. YU Hong-Ming, ZHENG Wei, CAO Gao-Shao, ZHAO Xin-Bing.Effects of Optimized Carbon-Coating on High-Rate Performance of LiFePO4/C Composites[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(11): 2186-2190
72. ZHENG Jun-Chao, LI Xin-Hai, WANG Zhi-Xing, LI Jin-Hui, WU Ling, LI Ling-Jun, GUO Hua-Jun.A Coalescence Mechanism for the Composite Cathode Material xLiFePO4·yLi3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1916-1920
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74. FENG Ji-Jun, LIU Xiang-Zhe, LIU Xiao-Zhen, JIANG Jian-Zhuang, ZHAO Jing.Hydrothermal Syntheses and Properties of LiV3-xMnxO8 as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1490-1494
75. HU Guo-Rong, CAO Yan-Bing, PENG Zhong-Dong, DU Ke, JIANG Qing-Lai.Preparation of Li2FeSiO4 Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Microwave Synthesis[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 1004-1008
76. YANG Shun-Yi; WANG Xian-You; WEI Jian-Liang; LI Xiu-Qin; TANG An-Ping.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Na-Mn-O Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1669-1674
77. CHANG Zhao-Rong; CHEN Zhong-Jun; WU Feng; TANG Hong-Wei; ZHU Zhi-Hong.Synthesis of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 Cathode Material by Eutectic Molten Salt LiOH-LiNO3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(03): 513-519

DU Guo-Dong; NULI Yan-Na; FENG Zhen-Zhen; WANG Jiu-Lin; YANG Jun

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WANG Jian; QI Yu-Jun; LI Yong-Wei; QI Lu

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91. LIU Ya-Jun; GAO Fei-Xue; YANG Jun-Lin.Progress of Chinese Theoretical Chemistry in 2006[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(05): 790-794
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