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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (12): 2463-2471    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201706193
Theoretical and Experimental Studies on the Crystal Morphology of Transition-Metal Carbohydrazide Perchlorate Complexes
YANG Li, ZHANG Guo-Yng, LIUYing, ZHANG Tong-Lai
State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, P. R. China
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The crystal growth morphologies of manganese carbohydrazide perchlorate, iron carbohydrazide perchlorate, cobalt carbohydrazide perchlorate, nickel carbohydrazide perchlorate and cadmium carbohydrazide perchlorate were investigated by Bravais-Freidel-Donnay-Harker (BFDH) and growth morphology method. The results show that the crystal morphologies of them are close to oblong block shapes, and the growth on (101)and (002) faces are the most important growth direction because of the minimum relative growth rates. According to the cleaved main growth faces, it can be inferred that crystal-control reagents with the active hydrogen atoms in the functional groups can effectively control the crystal morphology for them. In addition, the experimental morphologies of them were synthesized and observed by a coldfield-emission scanning electron microscope. It is concluded that AE model are nearer to experimental morphology, and more reliable to predict crystal morphologies for carbohydrazide perchlorates.

Key wordsCrystal morphology      Prediction      Attachment energy      Growth rate     
Received: 17 May 2017      Published: 19 June 2017

The project was supported bythe State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, China (YB2016-17) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11672040).

Corresponding Authors: YANG Li     E-mail:
Cite this article:

YANG Li, ZHANG Guo-Ying, LIU Ying, ZHANG Tong-Lai. Theoretical and Experimental Studies on the Crystal Morphology of Transition-Metal Carbohydrazide Perchlorate Complexes. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(12): 2463-2471.

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