ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 0,Vol.>> Issue()>> 0-0     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201711222         中文摘要
Accepted manuscript
Advances in Electrode Materials for Aqueous Rechargeable Sodium-Ion Batteries
LIU Shuang, SHAO Lianyi, ZHANG Xuejing, TAO Zhanliang, CHEN Jun
Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry(Ministry of Education), Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, P. R. China
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With solar, wind, and other types of renewable energy incorporated into electrical grids and with the construction of smart grids, energy storage technology has become essential to optimize energy utilization. Due primarily to its abundance and low cost, aqueous rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (ARSBs) have received increasing attention in the field of electrochemical energy storage technology, and represent a promising alternative to energy storage in future power grids. However, because of the limitations of the thermodynamics of electrochemical processes in water, reactions in aqueous solution are more complicated compared to an organic system. Many parameters must be taken into account in an aqueous system, such as electrolyte concentration, dissolved oxygen content, and pH. As a result, it is challenging to select an appropriate electrode material, whose capacity, electrochemical potential, adaptability, and even catalytic effect may seriously affect the battery performance and hamper its application. Therefore, the development of advanced electrode materials, which can suppress side reactions of the battery and have good electrochemical performance, has become the focus of ARSB research. This paper briefly discusses the characteristics of ARSBs and summarizes the latest research progress in the development of electrode materials, including oxides, polyanionic compounds, Prussian blue analogues, and organics. This review also discusses the challenges remaining in the development of ARSBs, and suggests several ways to solve them, such as by using multivalent ions, hybridized electrolytes, etc., and speculates about future research directions. The studies and concepts discussed herein will advance the development of ARSBs and promote the optimization of energy utilization.

Keywords: Aqueous sodium ion battery   Cathode material   Anode material   Electrolyte  
Received: 2017-10-27 Accepted: 2017-11-16 Publication Date (Web): 2017-11-22
Corresponding Authors: TAO Zhanliang Email:

Fund: The project was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFB0901500, 2016YFB0101201) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51771094).

Cite this article: LIU Shuang, SHAO Lianyi, ZHANG Xuejing, TAO Zhanliang, CHEN Jun. Advances in Electrode Materials for Aqueous Rechargeable Sodium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 0, (): 0-0.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201711222

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89. TAN Xiao-Lan, CHENG Xin-Qun, MA Yu-Lin, ZUO Peng-Jian, YIN Ge-Ping.Film Formation and Cycleability of LiBOB-Based Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 1967-1971
90. FU Mao-Hua, HUANG Ke-Long, LIU Su-Qin, LIU Jian-Sheng, LI Yong-Kun.Effect of Lithium Difluoro(oxalato)borate on the High-Temperature Performance of LiFePO4/Graphite Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 1985-1990
91. ZHENG Jun-Chao, LI Xin-Hai, WANG Zhi-Xing, LI Jin-Hui, WU Ling, LI Ling-Jun, GUO Hua-Jun.A Coalescence Mechanism for the Composite Cathode Material xLiFePO4·yLi3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1916-1920
92. ZHONG Mei-E, ZHOU Zhi-Hui, ZHOU Zhen-Tao.Electrochemical Performance of High-Density LiFePO4/C Composites Synthesized by Solid State-Carbothermal Reduction Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1504-1510
93. FENG Ji-Jun, LIU Xiang-Zhe, LIU Xiao-Zhen, JIANG Jian-Zhuang, ZHAO Jing.Hydrothermal Syntheses and Properties of LiV3-xMnxO8 as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1490-1494
94. HU Guo-Rong, CAO Yan-Bing, PENG Zhong-Dong, DU Ke, JIANG Qing-Lai.Preparation of Li2FeSiO4 Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Microwave Synthesis[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 1004-1008
95. GAO Hong-Quan, LAI Yan-Qing, ZHANG Zhi-An, LIU Ye-Xiang.Electrochemical Behaviors of New Lithium Salt LiBC2O4F2 in EC+DMC Solvents[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 905-910
96. YANG Shun-Yi; WANG Xian-You; WEI Jian-Liang; LI Xiu-Qin; TANG An-Ping.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Na-Mn-O Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1669-1674
97. LI Fan-Qun; LAI Yan-Qing; ZHANG Zhi-An; GAO Hong-Quan; YANG Juan.Electrochemical Behaviors of Et4NBF4+LiPF6/EC+PC+DMC Electrolyte on Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1302-1306
98. CHANG Zhao-Rong; CHEN Zhong-Jun; WU Feng; TANG Hong-Wei; ZHU Zhi-Hong.Synthesis of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 Cathode Material by Eutectic Molten Salt LiOH-LiNO3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(03): 513-519

DU Guo-Dong; NULI Yan-Na; FENG Zhen-Zhen; WANG Jiu-Lin; YANG Jun

.Electrochemical Behavior of High-Voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4-xFx Electrodes at Elevated Storage Temperature[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(01): 165-170

100. ZHANG Chun-Ling; JIANG Wei-Jun; ZHANG Jing; QI Lu.Performance of LiMn1.5Ni0.5-xCuxO4 as 5V Cathode Material for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 31-35
101. HOU Xian-Quan; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu; HAN Li-Juan.Synthesis and Properties of Layered LiNi0.8Co0.2-xMgxO2 Cathode Material[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 40-45
102. CHEN Yong-Chong; XU Xing-Jun; CUI Hong-Zhi; DAI Ke-Hua; SONG Zhao-Shuang; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu.Synthesis Mechanisms and Properties of Cathode Material LiNixMn2-xO4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 26-30
103. JIANG Wei-Jun; Sai-Xi-Ya-Le-Tu; Wu-Yun-Bi-Li-Ge; QI Lu; SHANG Shi-Bo.Performance of Nonstoichiometric Li1+xCoO2 Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 56-59

WANG Jian; QI Yu-Jun; LI Yong-Wei; QI Lu

.Discharge Performances of C/LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 46-50

105. GUO Ying-Jun; CHEN Hui; QI Lu.Progress in Electrolyte Solutions for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 80-89
106. GUO Ying-Jun; LI Qi-Qi-Ge; NING Ying-Kun; QI Lu; TANG Hong-Wu.Performance of Liquid Electrolyte for Lithium-ion Battery at Elevated-temperature[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(Supp): 1-4
107. DAI Ke-Hua; WANG Yin-Jie; FENG Hua-Jun; XIE Yan-Ting; QI Lu.Preparation Conditions of LiMn0.45Ni0.45Co0.1O2 via Hydroxide Co-precipitation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1927-1931
108. CHEN Yong-Chong; XU Xing-Jun; CUI Hong-Zhi; DAI Ke-Hua; SONG Zhao-Shuang; JIANG Wei-Jun; QI Lu.Preferred Orientation of Crystals and the Intensity Ratios of XRD Peaks of Cathode Material LiCoO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1948-1953
109. HOU Chun-Ping; YUE Min.A Novel Cathode Material Lithium Vanadium Phosphate Synthesized by Liquid-phase Sphericizing Granulation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1954-1957
110. YIN Yu-Xin; JIN Zheng-Guo; HOU Feng.Fabrication and Properties of TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Using Glycerol-DMSO-H2O Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(11): 1797-1802
111. WEI Ying-Jin; LI Xu; WANG Chun-Zhong; ZHAN Shi-Ying; CHEN Gang.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Cu Doped V2O5[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1090-1094
112. ZHANG Hong-Fang; FU Ping-Ping; SONG Ying-Jie; DU Chen-Shu; YANG Hua-Bin; ZHOU Zuo-Xiang; WU Meng-Tao; HUANG Lai-He.Preparation and Properties of Sandwich-type Si/Fe/Si Film Anode for Lithium-ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 1065-1070
113. LI Shu; LIU Lei; CAO Zhen; WANG Ji-Qiang; YAN Tian-Ying.Molecular Dynamics Simulation on a Eutectic Systemof LiTFSI/Urea[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(07): 983-986
114. LIU Su-Qin; LI Shi-Cai; HUANG Ke-Long; CHEN Zhao-Hui.Effect of Doping Ti4+ on the Structure and Performances of Li3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(04): 537-542
115. FENG Zhen-Zhen;NULI Yan-Na;YANG Jun.Conductive Sulfur-Containing Material/Polyaniline Composite for Cathode Material of Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(03): 327-331
116. QIN Hai-Ying;XIE Jian;MI Jian-Li;TU Jian;ZHAO Xin-Bing.Solvothermal Synthesis and Electrochemical Lithiation/Delithiation Performance of FeSb2 Nanorods[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(12): 1555-1559
117. XU Yu-Hong;ZHANG Bao-Hong;GONG GUI-Ying;MA Ping .Electrochemical Properties Study of Sb2O3 doped Li4Ti5O12[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(11): 1336-1341
118. XIE Jian;ZHAO Xin-Bing;YU Hong-Ming;QI Hao;CAO Gao-Shao;TU Jiang-Ping .Preparation, Characterization and Electrochemical Li-absorption/extraction Behaviors of Nanosized Co-Sn Intermetallic Compounds[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(11): 1409-1412
119. ZHUANG Da-Gao;ZHAO Xin-Bing;XIE Jian;TU Jian;ZHU Tie-Jun;CAO Gao-Shao.One-step Solid-state Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of Nb-doped LiFePO4/C[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(07): 840-844
120. WANG Zhong;TIAN Wen-Huai;LI Xing-Guo.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Sn-Sb Alloy Prepared by Hydrogen Plasma-metal Reaction[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2006,22(06): 752-755
121. TANG Zhi-yuan; LU Xing-he; ZHANG Na.The Anion-cation Multiple Doping Effect of Spinel Cathode Materials on Electrochemical Speciality[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(08): 934-938
122. WEN Yue-Hua; CAO Gao-Ping; CHENG Jie; YANG Yu-Sheng.Relationship between Electrolyte Ion and Double-layer Capacitance of Carbon Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(05): 494-498
123. TAO Bin-Wu;LIU Jian-Hua;LI Song-Mei;ZHAO Liang.Electrochemical Properties of a V2O5/C Composite in Aqueous Solution Used for Zinc Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(03): 338-342
124. LU Jun-Biao; TANG Zi-Long; ZHANG Zhong-Tai; JIN Yong-Zhu.Influence of Mg Ion Doping on the Battery Properties of LiFePO4/C[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005,21(03): 319-323
125. Wang Wei-Kun; Wang An-Bang; Cao Gao-Ping; Yang Yu-Sheng.Electrochemical Performance of a Novel Cathode Material Phenyl Polysulfide for Lithium Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(12): 1440-1444
126. Chang Xiao-Yan;Wang Zhi-Xing;Li Xin-Hai;Kuang Qiong;Peng Wen-Jie;Guo Hua-Jun;Zhang Yun-He.Synthesis and Performance of LiMnPO4 Used as Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(10): 1249-1252
127. Ni Jiang-Feng;Zhou Heng-Hui;Chen Ji-Tao;Su Guang-Yao.Effect on the Electrochemical Performance of Lithium Iron Phosphate by Cr3+ Ion Doping[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(06): 582-586
128. Zhao Shi-Xi;Min Xin-Min;Liu Han-Xing;Li Qiang;Ouyang Shi-Xi.The Structural Stability of S-M (M=Al, Co) Co-doped Spinel LiMn2O4 Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2004,20(03): 233-236
129. Yang Hong-Ping;Wang Xian-You;Wang Xing-Yan;Huang Wei-Guo;Luo Xu-Fang;Zhuo Hai-Tao.Preparation and Performance of Electrode Materials for Super-iron (VI) Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(12): 1150-1153
130. Tang Zhi-Yuan;Xu Guo-Xiang.The Application of Poly (1-aminoanthraquinone) for Positive Electrode Material in Lithium Secondary Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 307-310
131. Chen Ji-Tao;Zhou Heng-Hui;Chang Wen-Bao;Ci Yun-Xiang.Effect of Particle Size on Lithium Intercalation Performance of Graphite Anode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2003,19(03): 278-282
132. Chen Ji-Tao;Zhou Heng-Hui;Chang Wen-Bao;Ci Yun-Xiang.pyrolytic Carbon Coated Graphite Anode for Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2002,18(02): 180-182
133. Guo Yuan;Li Yong-Jun;Xia Xi;Zhang Xiao-Gang;He Mao-Xia.Effect of Extrinsic Factors on the CPE Behavior of Film TiO2 Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2001,17(04): 372-376
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