Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 1998, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (11): 1025-1029.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19981112

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Surface Chemical lnvestigation on Aqueous Solution of Sodeum Undecanoate and Sodium Undecenoate

Zhu Bu-Yao, Wu Li-Jun, Huang Jian-Bin, He Xu   

  1. Chemistry College,Peking University,Beijing 100871
  • Received:1997-12-08 Revised:1998-02-16 Published:1998-11-15
  • Contact: Zhu Bu-Yao


The CMCs, γcmcS and micropolarities of aqueous solutions of sodium undecenoate(UNDE) and sodium undecanoate (UNDA) have been studied by surface tension measurement and fluorescence method. It is revealed that double bond at the en of hydrophobic chain weakens its hydrophobicity, hence lowering the effectiveness of micelle formation and that of surface tension reduction. The limited adsorption amount is less, while micropolarity higher, in UNDE solution than those in UNDA's. Therefore, conformation of the hydrophobic chain in aggregates is infered to be more bending for UNDE. Changes of thermodynamic parameters in micellization and adsorption show smaller free energy reduction and larger increases in entropy and enthalpy for UNDE than those for UNDA.

Key words: Sodium undecenoate, Sodium undecanoate, Surface activity, Thermodynamic parameters, Micropolarity