Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2013, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (05): 1003-1012.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201302251

• ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Electrochemical Corrosion Behavior of X70 Pipeline Steel in Turbulence Zone under Jet Impingement at High Temperature and High Pressure CO2 Environment

CAI Feng1, LIU Wei1, FAN Xue-Hua2, ZHANG Jing1, LU Min-Xu1   

  1. 1 Institute for Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, P. R. China;
    2 Beijing Branch of China Petroleum Engineering Co., Ltd., Beijing 100085, P. R. China
  • Received:2012-11-13 Revised:2013-02-25 Published:2013-04-24
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Science & Technology Major Project of China (2008ZX05026-003-04).


The corrosion behavior of X70 pipeline steel in the turbulent zone was investigated in situ with a micro-electrode technique using loop jet impingement under high temperature and high pressure CO2 environment. The morphology of the corrosion product formed on the surface and corrosion behavior of X70 steel after different periods were investigated by scanning electron microscopy and in situ electrochemical methods, respectively. The electrochemical behavior of X70 steel was closely related to the evolution of corrosion scales on the steel surface. The surface of the steel changed gradually from the presence of both substrate and corrosion product to loose, porous corrosion scales during the first 12 h. After 12 h, the corrosion scales were mainly composed of inner and outer scales. Because of the effect of high wall shear stress in the turbulent zone, the porous, less-protective outer scale was thinned and then removed from the steel surface. Consequently, the surface was increasingly covered by the compact inner scale, which decreases the corrosion rate of the steel considerably. Correspondingly, during the first 12 h, the corrosion potential Ecorr and linear polarization resistance Rp of the sample decreased continuously. Meanwhile, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) exhibited high- and medium-frequency capacitive loops and a low-frequency inductive loop. Analysis of EIS revealed that the resistance Rf of the corrosion film increased slowly and charge transfer resistance Rt decreased steadily, while the double-layer capacitance Cdl and corrosion film capacitance Cf decreased rapidly. After 12 h, the protectiveness of the corrosion scales improved with time, and thus the Ecorr and Rp increased. As the inductive component weakened with time and finally disappeared at 48 h, EIS changed to double capacitive loops. The Rf, Rr, and Cdl increased quickly. Furthermore, the Cf stabilized.

Key words: CO2 corrosion, Turbulent zone, Corrosion electrochemistry, Corrosion morphology, X70 pipeline steel