Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2014, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 1393-1407.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201406171

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Recent Research Progress in Alkaline Polymer Electrolyte Membranes for Alkaline Solid Fuel Cells

HOU Hong-Ying   

  1. Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, P. R. China
  • Received:2014-04-21 Revised:2014-06-16 Published:2014-07-18
  • Contact: HOU Hong-Ying,
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51363011), the 46th Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, Ministry of Education, China (6488-20130039), Programof High-level Introduced Talent of Yunnan Province in 2012, China (10978125), and Yunnan Project of Training Talent, China (1418425) and Project of Key Discipline, China (14078232).


Alkaline polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (APEMFC) has received much recent attention, primarily motivated by their fast dynamics and independence on expensive Pt-based electrocatalysts. As one of vital components of APEMFC, the alkaline polymer membrane directly influences their performance and cost. However, to date, no alkaline membrane has provided a satisfactory benchmark for use in APEMFC. Therefore, intensive efforts have been made to pursue desirable polymer membrane materials. In this article, the research progress over the last 3 years on state-of-the-art alkaline polymer electrolyte membranes for APEMFC is reviewed, including various synthesis strategies, structure-property relationships, water management, and ex situ and in situ stability tests. More specifically, some new metal- cation- based anion exchange membranes, such as ruthenium-complex-based and crown-ether-based anion exchange membranes, are commented on for the first time. Furthermore, future development prospects are also predicted.

Key words: Alkaline solid fuel cell, Alkaline polymer electrolyte membrane, Anion exchange membrane, Composite membrane, Non-Pt catalyst