Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2008, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (01): 157-160.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080128

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PVA-Assisted Synthesis and Characterization of CdS Nanowires

GAI Hong-De; WU You-Shi; WU Li-Li; SHI Yuan-Chang; JING Min; ZOU Ke   

  1. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, P. R. China
  • Received:2007-07-24 Revised:2007-10-15 Published:2008-01-05
  • Contact: WU You-Shi

Abstract: CdS nanowires were successfully synthesized via a solvothermal route with the assistance of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). The prepared sample was characterized by XRD, TEM, HRTEM, UV-Vis, and PL(photoluminescence) emission spectrum. The results indicated that the wurtzite CdS nanowires, with typical diameter of 70 nmand length up to 10 μm, had a preferential growth direction of [001] and showed a quantumconfinement effect. Based on the results of comparative experiments, a PVA-assisted growth mechanismwas proposed.

Key words: Cadmiumsulfide, Solvothermal route, Nanowires, PVA