Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2004, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (03): 265-270.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20040310

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Synthesis of Mesoporous Aluminosilicate Nanoparticles and Its Performance in Catalytic Cracking

Shi Xi-E;Zhai Shang-Ru;Dai Li-Yi;Shan Yong-Kui;He Ming-Yuan;Wei Wei;Wu Dong;Sun Yu-Han   

  1. Department of Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062;State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Shanxi Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001
  • Received:2003-08-01 Revised:2003-11-10 Published:2004-03-15
  • Contact: Wu Dong

Abstract: Mesoporous aluminosilicate (denoted as Z-1) nanoparticles were synthesized from assembly of mixture of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and aluminum nitrate nonahydrate (ANN) with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as template at low temperture. Important information about textural properties of the material were obtained by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms at 77 K and transmission electron microscopy (TEM),and the acid properties were determined by temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia (NH3-TPD).The results obtained by these methods indicated that the material possessed hexagonal mesostructure, narrow pore-size distribution and nanoparticles. The NH3-TPD showed that the acdity strength of Z-1 was similar to AlMCM-41, but the amount of medium-acid of Z-1 was more than that of AlMCM-41 prepared by post-synthesis method. In catalytic cracking of cumene and 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene,Z-1 exhibited higher cataclytic acitivity, selectivity and steam stability (100% water vapor,800 ℃,2 h) compared with AlMCM-41.

Key words: Mesoporous molecular sieves, Acidity, AlMCM-41, Catalytic cracking,  Cumene, 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene