Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 339-343.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201709081

• COMMUNICATION • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Controllable Thermal Expansion and Crystal Structure of (Fe1-xNix)ZrF6 Solid Solutions

Jiale XU,Lei HU,Lu WANG,Jinxia DENG,Jun CHEN*(),Xianran XING   

  • Received:2017-08-09 Published:2018-01-02
  • Contact: Jun CHEN
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(91422301);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21231001);the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China(FRF-TP-14-012C1)


Most materials expand on heating and contract on cooling. In the recent years, however, some compounds have been found to exhibit abnormal negative thermal expansion (NTE) behavior; this presents an opportunity to adjust the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of such materials. It is especially important to obtain controllable thermal expansion in isotropic compounds. Herein, we report the preparation, crystal structure, and controllable thermal expansion in double ReO3-type (Fe1-xNix)ZrF6 solid solutions. (Fe1-xNix)ZrF6 exhibits full range solubility. A controllable thermal expansion of (Fe1-xNix)ZrF6 could be achieved by the chemical substitution of Ni2+ for Fe2+ over a wide range of CTE from −3.24 × 10−6 to +18.23 × 10−6 K−1 (300–675 K). In particular, zero thermal expansion was obtained for the composition (Fe0.5Ni0.5)ZrF6. As a kind of typical framework structure, the transverse thermal vibrations of fluorine atoms are expected to play a critical role in the thermal expansion behavior of double-ReO3 compounds. This study presents a potential method to tune the thermal expansion of NTE (negative thermal expansion) families which have an open framework structure.

Key words: Solid solution, Fluorides, ReO3, Controllable thermal expansion, Zero thermal expansion