Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 2001024.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202001024

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Heating Characteristics of Graphene Glass Transparent Films

Fei Wang1, Zhaolong Chen2, Jiawei Yang1, Hao Li1, Jingyuan Shan2, Feng Zhang1, Baolu Guan1,*(), Zhongfan Liu2   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Opto-Electronics Technology, Ministry of Education, Faculty of Information Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
    2 Center of NanoChemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-01-06 Accepted:2020-02-25 Published:2020-03-06
  • Contact: Baolu Guan
  • About author:Baolu Guan, Email:; Tel.: +86-10-67391641-858
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61775007);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(60908012);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61575008);the Natural Science Foundation of Beijing, China(4172011);the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education, China(040000546319525);the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education, China(040000546618006)


Graphene has become a research focus in recent years owing to its excellent characteristics, and glass is a commonly used material with high transparency and low cost. Graphene glass combines the excellent properties of both graphene and glass; graphene glass has not only high thermal conductivity, high electrical conductivity, and good surface hydrophobicity but also exhibits superior electrothermal conversion and wide-spectrum high-light-transmittance characteristics. Therefore, the study of graphene glass films is of theoretical value and practical significance. In this study, a high-purity glass-based (JGS1 quartz glass) multilayer graphene film was developed based on an atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) method, and its electrical characteristics, light transmittance, and electrical heating characteristics were experimentally investigated in detail. The results show that graphene glass with different surface resistance values obtained through direct growth on a high-purity quartz glass substrate using the APCVD method, not only has excellent uniformity and quality, but also has considerably flat and high transmittance across the entire visible light region and exhibits excellent heating performance and fast response time. For graphene glass with a surface resistance of 1500 Ω·sq-1, the light transmittance can reach 74%, and the saturation temperature can rise to 185 ℃ by applying a bias voltage of 40 V. In addition, when the resistance value of the graphene glass is 420 Ω·sq-1, the graphene glass reaches a high saturation temperature of 325 ℃ in 40 s, and the corresponding heating rate can exceed 18 ℃·s-1, achieving a significantly higher heating rate than other heating films at the same voltage. Compared with the polyethylene-terephthalate- (PET-) based and silicon-based graphene films obtained by the transfer, graphene glass has a higher saturation temperature, shorter thermal response time, and faster heating rate. Furthermore, graphene glass exhibits better heating cycle stability and longer-term heating stability at a constant voltage. In addition, an experiment using the graphene glass to thermally tune the wavelength of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser was conducted and gave good results. The position of the laser peak controlled by the graphene glass was red-shifted by 1.78 nm by applying a voltage of 20 V, and the wavelength tuning efficiency reached 0.059 nm·℃-1. Compared with PET-based and silicon-based graphene films, the actual electrical heating capacity of graphene glass increased by 195%. These experimental findings demonstrate that graphene glass transparent films with excellent electric heating characteristics can be used in various transparent electric heating fields and have relatively wide application prospects.

Key words: Graphene, Quartz glass, Transparent film, Chemical vapor deposition, Electrothermal characteristics