Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 2009063.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202009063

Special Issue: Two-Dimensional Photocatalytic Materials

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Selective Exposure of BiOI Oxygen-Rich {110} Facet Induced by BN Nanosheets for Enhanced Photocatalytic Oxidation Performance

Qian Zheng1,2, Yuehan Cao2, Nanjian Huang2, Ruiyang Zhang2, Ying Zhou1,2,*()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China
    2 The Center of New Energy Materials and Technology, School of New Energy and Materials, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China
  • Received:2020-09-21 Accepted:2020-10-23 Published:2020-11-02
  • Contact: Ying Zhou
  • About author:Ying Zhou, Email:; Tel.: +86-28-83037401
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1862111);Sichuan Science and Technology Program, China(2020ZDZX0008);International Collaboration Project of Chengdu City, China(2017-GH02-00014-HZ);College Students' Extracur-Ricular Open Experiment Project of SWPU, China(KSZ19516)


Photocatalytic oxidation is a promising technology for governing emission of environmental pollutants and managing energy crisis. Typically, the photocatalytic performance of photocatalysts is highly dependent on the type of exposed crystal surfaces. As a semiconductor oxide photocatalyst, the different exposed crystal surfaces of bismuth oxyiodide (BiOI) exhibit different photocatalytic oxidation performances. In this study, we chose BiOI as the model material and provided a novel method to improve the photocatalytic oxidation performance by regulating the main exposed crystal facets. Using boron nitride (BN) nanosheets as the templates, two-dimensional/two-dimensional (2D/2D) BiOI/BN nanocompounds were fabricated via an in situ growth method. Owing to the electrostatic interaction, the positively charged BiOI {001} facets prefer to contact the negatively charged BN {001} facet, thus inducing the exposure of BiOI {110} facets. This was identified via X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy analyses. Compared with BiOI {001} facets, there were more lattice oxygen atoms in the BiOI {110} facets. Thus, the exposure of BiOI {110} facets would promote more surface lattice oxygen atoms exposed on the surface of BiOI, which was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. To evaluate the photocatalytic oxidation performance of BiOI/BN, the photocatalytic NO oxidation reaction was tested under visible light irradiation (λ > 420 nm). Among all the nanocompounds, the BiOI/BN-1.0:1.4 nanocompound exhibited the best NO oxidation ratio of 44.2%, which was almost 30 times higher than that of pristine BiOI (1.4%). The enhanced photocatalytic activity could be attributed to the following two aspects. One, the successful combination of BN effectively promoted the separation of photogenerated carriers, which was identified by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectra, transient photocurrent responses, and electrochemical impedance spectra. Two, benefiting from the introduction of BN nanosheets, BiOI tends to mainly expose the oxygen-rich {110} facets. As a result, the content of O on the BiOI surface increased from 38.3% to 46.6%. Thus, NO preferred to adsorb on the {110} facets of BiOI nanosheets, which was confirmed by theoretical and experimental results. More importantly, the adsorbed NO spontaneously combined with the lattice oxygen atom of the BiOI (110) surface to form nitrogen dioxide (NO2). These findings can provide a novel strategy to tune exposed oxygen-rich facets by constructing 2D/2D photocatalysts for ensuring efficient photocatalytic oxidation performance.

Key words: Bismuth oxyiodide, Boron nitride, Photocatalytic oxidation reaction, Oxygen-rich surface, Lattice oxygen