Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 2108017.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202108017

• REVIEW • Previous Articles    

Recent Progress on Two-Dimensional Materials

Cheng Chang1, Wei Chen2, Ye Chen3, Yonghua Chen4, Yu Chen5, Feng Ding6, Chunhai Fan7, Hong Jin Fan8, Zhanxi Fan9, Cheng Gong10, Yongji Gong11, Qiyuan He12, Xun Hong13, Sheng Hu14, Weida Hu15, Wei Huang4, Yuan Huang16, Wei Ji17, Dehui Li18, Lain-Jong Li19, Qiang Li20, Li Lin21, Chongyi Ling20, Minghua Liu22, Nan Liu23, Zhuang Liu24, Kian Ping Loh2, Jianmin Ma25, Feng Miao26, Hailin Peng27, Mingfei Shao28, Li Song29, Shao Su30, Shuo Sun31, Chaoliang Tan32, Zhiyong Tang33, Dingsheng Wang34, Huan Wang35, Jinlan Wang20, Xin Wang36, Xinran Wang37, Andrew T. S. Wee31, Zhongming Wei38, Yuen Wu36, Zhong-Shuai Wu39, Jie Xiong40, Qihua Xiong41, Weigao Xu42, Peng Yin43, Haibo Zeng44, Zhiyuan Zeng12, Tianyou Zhai45, Han Zhang43, Hui Zhang4, Qichun Zhang12, Tierui Zhang46, Xiang Zhang47, Li-Dong Zhao11, Meiting Zhao48, Weijie Zhao20, Yunxuan Zhao46, Kai-Ge Zhou49, Xing Zhou45, Yu Zhou50, Hongwei Zhu51, Hua Zhang9,*(), Zhongfan Liu27,*()   

  • Received:2021-08-12 Accepted:2021-09-16 Published:2021-10-13
  • Contact: Hua Zhang,Zhongfan Liu;
  • About author:Zhongfan Liu, Email: (Z.L.)
    Hua Zhang, Email: (H.Z.)


Research on two-dimensional (2D) materials has been explosively increasing in last seventeen years in varying subjects including condensed matter physics, electronic engineering, materials science, and chemistry since the mechanical exfoliation of graphene in 2004. Starting from graphene, 2D materials now have become a big family with numerous members and diverse categories. The unique structural features and physicochemical properties of 2D materials make them one class of the most appealing candidates for a wide range of potential applications. In particular, we have seen some major breakthroughs made in the field of 2D materials in last five years not only in developing novel synthetic methods and exploring new structures/properties but also in identifying innovative applications and pushing forward commercialisation. In this review, we provide a critical summary on the recent progress made in the field of 2D materials with a particular focus on last five years. After a brief background introduction, we first discuss the major synthetic methods for 2D materials, including the mechanical exfoliation, liquid exfoliation, vapor phase deposition, and wet-chemical synthesis as well as phase engineering of 2D materials belonging to the field of phase engineering of nanomaterials (PEN). We then introduce the superconducting/optical/magnetic properties and chirality of 2D materials along with newly emerging magic angle 2D superlattices. Following that, the promising applications of 2D materials in electronics, optoelectronics, catalysis, energy storage, solar cells, biomedicine, sensors, environments, etc. are described sequentially. Thereafter, we present the theoretic calculations and simulations of 2D materials. Finally, after concluding the current progress, we provide some personal discussions on the existing challenges and future outlooks in this rapidly developing field.

Key words: Two-dimensional materials, Transition metal dichalcogenides, Phase engineering of nanomaterials, Electronics, Optoelectronics, Catalysis, Energy storage and conversion