Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 2009097.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202009097

Special Issue: Design and Fabrication of Advanced Photocatalyst

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Rapid Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of 2D/1D ZnIn2S4/TiO2 S-Scheme Heterojunction for Catalyzing Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

Zihui Mei, Guohong Wang(), Suding Yan, Juan Wang   

  • Received:2020-09-29 Accepted:2020-10-31 Published:2020-11-10
  • Contact: Guohong Wang
  • About author:Guohong Wang, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(22075072);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(52003079);Hubei Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China(2019CFB568)


The threat and global concern of energy crises have significantly increased over the last two decades. Because solar light and water are abundant on earth, photocatalytic hydrogen evolution through water splitting has been considered as a promising route to produce green energy. Therefore, semiconductor photocatalysts play a key role in transforming sunlight and water to hydrogen energy. To date, various photocatalysts have been studied. Among them, TiO2 has been extensively investigated because of its non-toxicity, high chemical stability, controllable morphology, and high photocatalytic activity. In particular, 1D TiO2 nanofibers (NFs) have attracted increasing attention as effective photocatalysts because of their unique 1D electron transfer pathway, high adsorption capacity, and high photoinduced electron–hole pair transfer capability. However, TiO2 NFs are considered as an inefficient photocatalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) because of their disadvantages such as a large band gap (~3.2 eV) and fast recombination of photoinduced electron–hole pairs. Therefore, the development of a high-performance TiO2 NF photocatalyst is required for efficient solar light conversion. In recent years, several strategies have been explored to improve the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 NFs, including coupling with narrow-bandgap semiconductors (such as ZnIn2S4). Recently, microwave (MW)-assisted synthesis has been considered as an important strategy for the preparation of photocatalyst semiconductors because of its low cost, environment-friendliness, simplicity, and high reaction rate. Herein, to overcome the above-mentioned limiting properties of TiO2 NFs, we report a 2D/1D ZnIn2S4/TiO2 S-scheme heterojunction synthesized through a microwave (MW)-assisted process. Herein, the 2D/1D ZnIn2S4/TiO2 S-scheme heterojunction was constructed rapidly by using in situ 2D ZnIn2S4nanosheets decorated on 1D TiO2 NFs. The loading of ZnIn2S4 nanoplates on the TiO2 NFs could be easily controlled by adjusting the molar ratios of ZnIn2S4 precursors to TiO2 NFs. The photocatalytic activity of the as-prepared samples for water splitting under simulated solar light irradiation was assessed. The experimental results showed that the photocatalytic performance of the ZnIn2S4/TiO2 composites was significantly improved, and the obtained ZnIn2S4/TiO2 composites showed increased optical absorption. Under optimal conditions, the highest HER rate of the ZT-0.5 (molar ratio of ZnIn2S4/TiO2= 0.5) sample was 8774 μmol·g-1·h-1, which is considerably higher than those of pure TiO2 NFs (3312 μmol·g-1·h-1) and ZnIn2S4nanoplates (3114 μmol·g-1·h-1) by factors of 2.7 and 2.8, respectively. Based on the experimental data and Mott-Schottky analysis, a possible mechanism for the formation of the S-scheme heterojunction between ZnIn2S4 and TiO2 was proposed to interpret the enhanced HER activity of the ZnIn2S4/TiO2heterojunctionphotocatalysts.

Key words: Microwave-assisted, 2D/1D, ZnIn2S4/TiO2, S-scheme heterojunction, Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution