Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2004, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (03): 302-305.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20040317

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Molecular Dynamics Simulation on Solidification Process of n-hexadecane Systems

Yin Kai-Liang;Xu Duan-Jun;Xia Qing;Ye Ya-Jing;Wu Guo-Ying;Chen Cheng-Lung   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027;Department of Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Polytechnic University, Changzhou 213016;State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, Northwestern Polytechnic University, Xi’an 710072;Department of Chemistry, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 80424
  • Received:2003-07-18 Revised:2003-09-24 Published:2004-03-15
  • Contact: Yin Kai-Liang

Abstract: Molecular dynamics(MD) simulation was carried out to investigate the solidification processes of n-hexadecane system and the mixture of n-hexadecane with α-alkyl naphthalene such as octyl, dodecyl and hexadecyl naphthalene. The simulation box contained 10 n-hexadecane molecules and/or one α-alkyl naphthalene. Total 200 ps trajectory for each system was collected to execute the structural, fluctuation and dynamic analysis. The calculated heat capacities of pure n-hexadecane system at 313 and 303 K were consistent with the experimental ones. According to the sharp changes of heat capacities and self-diffusion constants with the simulation temperatures, the solidification point was identified for each system. It was found that the solidification point of n-hexadecane is obviously lowered by mixing with α-alkyl naphthalene, and the calculated solidification points of four systems agreed with the experimental ones. The investigation on the microstructures at temperatures before and after solidification revealed that n-hexadecanes tends to arrange orderly during the solidifying process, which is consistent with the fundamental of entropy-decrease. The reason why α-alkyl naphthalene can lower the solidification point of n-hexadecane was explained as due to the fact that the ring of α-alkyl naphthalene was packed by several n-hexadecane molecules which made the order arrangement of n-hexadecane molecules more difficult.

Key words: Molecular dynamics simulation, n-Hexadecane, α-alkyl naphthalene, Self-diffusion constant, Solidification point, Order