Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2013, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (04): 777-784.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20130111

• CATALYSIS AND SURFACE SCIENCE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Preparation, Characterization and Combustion Catalytic Action of Bismuth/Zirconium Gallate

ZHAO Feng-Qi, ZHANG Heng, AN Ting, ZHANG Xiao-Hong, YI Jian-Hua, XU Si-Yu, WANG Ying-Lei   

  1. Science and Technology on Combustion and Explosion Laboratory, Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710065, P. R. China
  • Received:2012-10-24 Revised:2013-01-09 Published:2013-03-25
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21173163) and Foundation of Science and Technology on Combustion and Explosion Laboratory, China (9140C350307110C3506).


Bismuth/zirconium gallate (Gal-BiZr) was synthesized from gallic acid, bismuth nitrate, and zirconyl nitrate firstly, and characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies. The thermal behavior and decomposition mechanism of Gal-BiZr in a temperature-programmed mode were investigated by thermogravimetric (TG) analysis, differential scanning colorimetry (DSC), and condensed phase thermolysis/FTIR techniques. The decomposition products of Gal-BiZr are Bi2O3, ZrO2, and C. Samples of propellants containing Gal-BiZr were prepared by extrusion technology, and the effect of Gal-BiZr on double-base (DB) propellant combustion properties was investigated. Gal-BiZr exhibits good catalytic behavior in the combustion of DB and Hexogeon (RDX)- CMDB propellants.

Key words: Physical chemistry, Bismuth/zirconium gallate, Propellant, Thermal behavior, Decomposition mechanism, Combustion property, Catalytic action